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arbitration award

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All documents for the issue: 330

Case law: 72 | Bibliography: 244 | Publications arbitraz.laszczuk.pl: 1 | Publications ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja: 13

Warsaw Court of Appeal judgment dated 18 March 2021 Case No. VII AGa 773/19

1. The grounds of a petition to set aside an arbitration award have been divided in Art. 1206 of the PCPC into two categories, to which the prerequisites set out in § 1 and § 2 of this provision correspond. In case of the grounds indicated in § 1, the state court shall take them into account only upon request of a party, so it is bound by the grounds relied upon by the petitioner. The grounds indicated in § 2 shall be taken into account ex officio.

2. The public policy clause…, like any general clause is not precisely defined and does not include an exhaustive list of principles. Therefore in each case it is necessary to consider whether the circumstances make it possible to draw the conclusion that a violation was in breach of principles that are the fundamental principles of the legal order. Pursuant to the public policy clause expressed in Art. 1206 § 2 of the PCPC, an arbitration award shall be set aside when effects determined by its content are irreconcilable with the particular norm which is one of the fundamental principles of that order, which leaves a great degree of discretion to the state court ruling in a given case.

3. [A]n arbitration award shall correspond to the wording of the statement of claim. Depending on the content of the claim, an arbitration award may establish, rule on, or shape a right or a legal relationship.

4. [A]lthough Art. 1188 § 1 of the PCPC does not indicate obligatory elements of a statement of claim in arbitration, including the exact wording of the claim…, nonetheless the necessity to specify the claim, as the element determining the subject matter of arbitration, may be derived indirectly from Art. 1202 first sentence of the PCPC; it may also be derived from the procedural rules agreed upon by the parties or defined in the rules of arbitration. Irrespective of the above, this does not mean, however, that going beyond the limits of a claim by an arbitral tribunal evades the state court review.

5. [T]he audi alterem partem principle is the fundamental principle of the legal order. The audi alterem partem principle means the parties’ right to conduct a dispute in a way designated by them and shifts to them the burden of gathering factual and evidentiary material which is necessary to resolve a case.

Data wydania: 18-03-2021 | Sygnatura: VII AGa 773/19

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20596

Polish Supreme Court order dated 15 September 2020 Case No. I CSK 182/20

1. Generally, a state court cannot examine whether an award challenged in a petition to set aside was based on properly established facts and how and whether an arbitral tribunal correctly interpreted the norms of substantive law it applied (…).

2. By examination of the grounds and prerequisites set out in Art. 1206 § 1 point 4 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code, what is important is the presence of a failure to meet the requirements in the scope of fundamental principles of arbitration proceedings resulting from a statute or specified by the parties. One of these principles is to base the award on established facts, which takes place after hearing of evidence. (…). Thus, only if the state court found that such hearing of evidence has not been conducted at all, or has been incomplete or obviously faulty, in breach of the principles of logical reasoning, of linking facts together in a cause-and-effect chain, selective admission of evidence in the case, examination of evidence of only one party in groundless omission of the evidence requested by the other party, etc., it would be possible to find that the requirements set out in Art. 1206 § 1 point 4 of the PCPC. (…).

3. [A]n obvious discrepancy between an arbitration award and the facts of the case may demonstrate a violation of the rule of law (…). This means that not every declaration that an award is inconsistent with the factual state may result in setting aside of this award. It is assumed that a conclusion that the rule of law has been violated is justified, if as a result of the arbitration award the fundamental principles of the legal order of the state are infringed (…).

Data wydania: 15-09-2020 | Sygnatura: I CSK 182/20

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20579

Judgment of the Court of Justice of 2 April 2020, C-480/18, PrivatBank

[I]n accordance with the principle of the procedural autonomy of the Member States, the national legislature may give the competent authority, in the complaints and penalty procedures referred to in Articles 80 to 82 of Directive 2007/64, as amended by Directive 2009/111, the power to take into account the existence and contents of an arbitration ruling settling a dispute between a user and provider of payment services concerned by those procedures, provided that the probative value given to that ruling in those procedures is not liable to undermine the purpose or specific objectives of the procedures, the rights of defence of the persons concerned or the independent exercise of the powers and competencies conferred on that authority, which is a matter for the referring court to ascertain.

Data wydania: 02-04-2020 | Sygnatura: C-480/18

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 20563

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 18 July 2019 Case No. I CSK 323/18

1. The essence of arbitration is the autonomy and freedom of action of the parties and an arbitration tribunal is not bound by the provisions of the Polish Civil Procedure Code on proceedings before a state court (Art. 1184 § 2 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code). It is only bound by the mandatory provisions of the Polish Civil Procedure Code which regulate the arbitration procedure (…).

2. The scope of the final resolution by an arbitration tribunal of a submitted claim shall result from the conclusion of the arbitration award and cannot be derived from the statement of reasons (…).

3. [T]he basis in Art. 1206 § 2 point 2 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code is justified, if the effect of an arbitration award is contrary to the fundamental principles of the legal order of the state. These shall be understood not only as constitutional norms of fundamental importance, but also as the ground rules governing particular areas of substantive and procedural law.

4. A court, in proceedings to set aside an arbitration award, cannot resolve a dispute between the parties of arbitration proceedings as to the merits. Consequently, the court cannot examine, whether the arbitration award is not contrary to substantive law and whether this award is based on the facts given in its statement of reasons and whether these facts have been properly established.

5. The principle of the binding force of final court rulings (Art. 365 § 1 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code) as an element of the values protected constitutionally and in the international order is a part of the fundamental principles of the legal order of the Republic of Poland. This rule also applies to arbitration awards after their recognition or enforcement by a state court. Such an award, thanks to the state court judgment related to it, has the same legal effect as a court judgment (Art. 1212 § 1 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code) (…).

6. A state court shall not allow two rulings between the same parties whose enforcement is guaranteed by the state, but which would resolve the same issue differently, to be present in the legal system, since this would undermine the authority of the justice system and the confidence in the courts, colliding with the principle of the stability of final rulings and the principle of legal certainty (…).

Data wydania: 18-07-2019 | Sygnatura: I CSK 323/18

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20523

Polish Supreme Court order dated 19 June 2019 Case No. I CSK 23/19

1. It was no accident that the lawmaker has used the word “reasons” in Art. 1197 § 2 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code, emphasizing that an arbitration award does not have to fully comply with the requirements of a justification of a state court ruling. As it has already been explained in the case law, if it is possible to infer from an arbitration award what prerequisites guided the arbitration court when it ruled on the demands of the parties, it can be deemed that these requirements have been fulfilled (…).

2. [J]urisdiction of an arbitral tribunal derived from an arbitration agreement does not have the character of a specific pre-jurisdiction – an arbitral resolves a case independently, instead of a state court, therefore it is the arbitral tribunal that is obliged to determine the factual basis and to legally assess the dispute. Control exercised over arbitration by a state court is not tantamount to resolution of a case ex novo, either on the factual or on the legal neveau (…).

3. [A] state court considering a petition to set aside an arbitration award does not interpret the agreement made by a parties to the dispute, and therefore it does not apply the aforementioned provision independently, but it only (…) examines the circumstances indicated in Art. 1206 § 1 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code, if the petitioner relies on them, and ex officio examines the circumstances specified in Art. 1206 § 2 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code.

Data wydania: 19-06-2019 | Sygnatura: I CSK 23/19

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20524

Polish Supreme Court order dated 27 March 2019 Case No. V CSK 107/18

1. The Court of Appeal shall rule on the enforcement of an arbitration award using provisions on appeal (Art. 12131 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code) and an order of the court of the second instance on enforcement of an arbitral award issued abroad shall be subject to a cassation appeal (Art. 1215 § 3 of the PCPC).

2. An application for declaration of enforceability in the form of granting of an enforcement clause to an arbitration award may be filed by a legal successor of a beneficiary of the arbitration award, if the beneficiary for the first time launches the procedure of incorporation of such an award to the domestic legal order (…). Jurisdiction of the court ruling in such a case is extended to include examination of the prerequisites from Art. 1214 § 3 and 1215 § 2 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code and legal succession (Art. 788 of the PCPC).

3. Article 788 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code applies to both court and out-of-court executive titles, including an arbitration awards which, after being declared enforceable by a court, have the same legal validity as a state court judgment (Art. 1212 § 1 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code).

4. [A]rbitration awards can be declared enforceable only one time.

5. Arbitration award is not an executive title (Art. 777 § 1 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code (…)). When a court declares it enforceable, such an award has the same legal validity as a court judgment (Art. 1212 § 1 of the PCPC) and becomes a writ of enforcement (Art. 1214 § 2 of the PCPC). An arbitration award which has been declared enforceable shall have such binding power as court judgments in force (Art. 365 of the PCPC) and shall have the force of res iudicata (Art. 366 of the PCPC). Such a writ of enforcement may be granted an enforcement clause as a result of a transfer of rights (Art. 788 of the PCPC) provided that the applicant is a legal successor of the person who obtained the writ of enforcement and the applicant proves legal succession with an official document or with a private document with an officially certified signature.

6. Neither legitimacy of a claim nor an obligation of a debtor resulting from an execution title to provide is not examined in the proceedings concerning enforcement of a foreign arbitration award (…).

Data wydania: 27-03-2019 | Sygnatura: V CSK 107/18

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20527

Kraków Court of Appeal order dated 28 February 2019 Case No. I AGo 30/18

1. According to Art. 1212 § 1 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code an arbitral award or a settlement made before an arbitral tribunal shall have legal effect equal to a court judgment or a settlement made before a court, upon recognition or enforcement thereof by the court. Confirmation of the enforceability of an arbitral award or settlement made before an arbitral tribunal which is capable of enforcement by way of execution, is made by the proceedings regarding obtaining an enforcement clause for it (Art. 1214 § 2 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code).

2. In the course of the proceedings for recognition or enforcement of an arbitral award, the appellate court does not examine the merits of the claim established by the award, but limits itself solely to finding whether there are no negative prerequisites for recognition or enforcement of an award in the case. Art. 1214 § 3 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code enumerates 3 negative prerequisites justifying refusal to recognize or enforce an arbitration award.

Data wydania: 28-02-2019 | Sygnatura: I AGo 30/18

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 20542

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 8 February 2019 Case No. I CSK 757/17

1. By entering into an arbitration agreement, the parties revoke the competence of state courts to adjudicate the dispute, entrusting it to a body acting as per the will of the parties. Consequently, the state court control over an arbitration award, as much as it is necessary and statutorily guaranteed, is not instance control and by its nature must be incomplete, limited to the most far-reaching shortcomings and failures of arbitration, which are relevant not only from the point of view of the parties, but also of the general interest.

2. Given the vital role of the principle of the court being bound by the claim (…), it is deemed that the case in which an arbitral tribunal rules ultra petita ad aliu should not revoke the control of the state court. This assumption should be considered legitimate also in the light of the Polish Civil Procedure Code, with the proviso that the character of arbitration may justify an approach to the assessment of the limits of the claim more flexible than in the case of state courts.

3. [A]lthough, Art. 1188 § 1 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code does not indicate obligatory elements of a statement of claim in arbitration proceedings, including the exact wording of the claim (cf. Art. 187 § 1 point 1 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code), nonetheless the necessity to concretise the claim as an element determining the subject matter of arbitration proceedings may be derived indirectly from Art. 1202 first sentence of the Polish Civil Procedure Code; it may also be derived from the rules of procedure agreed upon by the parties or defined in the rules of arbitration.

4. Going beyond the limits of the statement of claim collided not only with the principle of availability which by virtue of its functions and the importance of the freedom of will for the institution of arbitration must be included into the principles of arbitration proceedings (…), but also with the principle of equality of the parties.

5. [S]ince the Arbitration Court ruled on a different claim than the claim advanced, the applicant was deprived of the ability to defend its rights.    

Data wydania: 08-02-2019 | Sygnatura: I CSK 757/17

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 20538

Warsaw Court of Appeal judgment dated 17 October 2018 Case No. I AGa 11/18

1. [B]y entering into an arbitration agreement, the parties consciously waived submission to the strictures in place for the proceedings before a state court, including some procedural guarantees in such proceedings. Therefore, it is not unreasonable to state that by concluding an arbitration agreement, the parties limit their constitutional right to court. When deciding to submit a dispute for resolution by an arbitral tribunal, the parties must be aware of both positive and negative effects of including particular statements in an arbitration agreement.

2. Unlike a state court, an arbitral tribunal considering cases does not need to strictly apply the provisions of substantive law, but may also base its ruling on principles of equity or rule on the basis of general principles of law. Consequently, review by the state court of awards made by arbitral tribunals is limited to the instances strictly defined by the law … .

3. [E]xamination of a case with respect to the grounds for setting aside an arbitration award under Art. 1206 § 2 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code may not proceed beyond aggravated violations of law, and the parties cannot challenge an arbitration award when such an award was delivered after properly conducted proceedings, but does not satisfy their expectations. A petition is possible only when it has been demonstrated that an arbitration award violates the fundamental principles of the Polish legal order … .

4. [P]ursuant to Art. 1197 § 2 of the PCPC, an arbitration award shall contain the reasons for the award, but this does not mean, however, that the reasoning shall be constructed strictly according to the rules indicated in Art. 328 § 2 of the PCPC … . This follows from the character of the proceedings before an arbitral tribunal, which are not as formalized as the proceedings in civil procedure. Without any doubt, however, the grounds of an arbitration award should be clear and reflect a reasoning analyzable in terms of the grounds to dismiss the petition … .

Data wydania: 17-10-2018 | Sygnatura: I AGa 11/18

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20540

Kraków Court of Appeal judgment dated 15 March 2018 Case No. I AGa 90/18

1. Relying on objective illegality of actions of the other party to an agreement and possible concurrent grounds of liability does not override the competence of an arbitral tribunal.

2. [A]n arbitration award may be assessed in the context of procedural public order. Subject to assessment is the compliance with the fundamental procedural principles of legal order of procedure that have led to the delivery of the arbitration award (…).

3. An allegation of infringement of Art. 1183 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code may be justified, if an arbitral tribunal conducts proceedings in omission of evidence offered by a party, but only if this evidence was necessary to resolve the case (…).

4. The control of elements comprising an arbitration award cannot be of the same scope as substantive control (of validity) of such an award.

5. When hearing a case, an arbitral tribunal may be guided by legal intuition, and it does not need to – unlike a state court – strictly apply the provisions of substantive law, but may base its ruling also on the principles of equity or good faith. According to the public policy clause expressed in Art. 1206 § 2 point 2 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code, an arbitration award shall be set aside when effects determined by the award are incompatible with a specific norm which is one of the fundamental principles of this public policy (…).

6. The arbitration award that protects one of the partners encumbered with the contractual risk of failure of the business venture does not infringe upon trading certainty and the principle of trading security, in the situation when the investor (the Fund) could limit its own economic risk resulting from engagement of funds by correct, consistent with the agreement, and, above all, loyal conduct.

7. Application of the public policy clause is not aimed at verification whether the assessed arbitration award id compliant with all applicable absolutely binding provisions of law, but whether effects of such an award are contrary to the fundamental principles of national legal order.

Data wydania: 15-03-2018 | Sygnatura: I AGa 90/18

Key issues: arbitration procedure, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20559

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 7 February 2018 Case No. V CSK 301/17

1. The phrase “fundamental principles of the legal order” used in Art. 1206 §2(2) of the Civil Procedure Code refers to such a violation of provisions of substantive law that will result in violation of the principles of the rule of law, and the award infringes the overriding legal principles in force in the Republic of Poland and conflicts with the legal order, that is, it violates principles of the political and socioeconomic system.

2. The evaluation conducted in the specific case as to whether the ruling violates fundamental principles of the legal order must be made cautiously, and the wording used in the code should be interpreted narrowly.

3. When deciding to include an arbitration clause in a contract, the parties to a civil relationship consciously waive the formal protection provided to the participants in a judicial trial by various provisions of the Civil Procedure Code…. Consequently, they also agree to procedural conditions that are subject to significant autonomy in the course of the arbitration proceeding, leading to minimal external oversight of awards by the arbitral tribunal….

4. Procedural public policy may also be grounds for review of an arbitration award, in two aspects: the evaluation of the consistency of the procedure leading to issuance of the ruling by the tribunal with the fundamental procedural principles of the legal order, and the effects of such ruling from the point of view of their compliance with procedural public policy, that is, whether they can be reconciled with the system of procedural law.

5. The notion of the “grounds” [for an award] within the meaning of Art. 1197 §2 of the Civil Procedure Code does not literally mean “justification” [of a judgment] within the meaning of the Civil Procedure Code, and this provision deliberately uses the word “grounds” and not “justification.” However, the grounds must contain the elements of reasoning of the arbitral tribunal which demonstrate the correctness (soundness) of the ruling in light of the entirety of the material gathered in the case.

6. Conduct of a fair proceeding is the task of both the state court and the arbitral tribunal. That the arbitral tribunal is not bound by regulations of procedure before a state court and under the Civil Procedure Code itself establishes the rules and method of proceeding before it, as agreed by the parties and as it deems proper, does not mean arbitrariness with respect to the principles of judicial civil procedure of an adversarial nature.

Data wydania: 07-02-2018 | Sygnatura: V CSK 301/17

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20521

Warsaw Court of Appeal judgment dated 20 February 2017 Case No. VI ACa 871/16

1. A state court takes into account the grounds for setting aside an arbitration award set out in Art. 1206 § 1 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code (…) only upon a request of a party. Therefore, a state court is, in this regard, bound by the grounds cited in the petition.

2. [I]n proceedings initiated by a petition to set aside an arbitration award, a state court does not examine the accuracy of the assessment of evidence made by the arbitral tribunal, the correctness of factual findings, the accuracy of interpretation and application of the substantive law. The legitimacy of a specific method of resolving the disputed legal relationship by an arbitral tribunal is neither the subject to assessment by a state court. The essence of a petition to set aside an arbitration award is to provide a review mechanism respecting, on the one hand, the separateness and autonomy of arbitration, and, on the other hand, preventing the functioning in the legal system of rulings rendered by non-state courts in breach of the rule of law. Proceedings initiated by a petition to set aside an arbitration award do not, therefore, result in reconsideration of the merits of the dispute between the parties, but is only to verify the petitioner’s allegations concerning the existence of the grounds raised in the petition and set out in Art. 1206 § 1 of the PCPC, and provide an assessment as to whether any of the grounds provided for in Art. 1206 § 2 of the PCPC exist (…).

3. [T]he notion of the public policy clause within the meaning of Art. 1206 § 2 (2) of the PCPC is commonly identified with the fundamental constitutional principles and the prime principles of particular fields of law, including civil, family and procedural law. An arbitration award may be set aside on the basis of the public policy clause, if such an award is contrary to a specific, mandatory legal norm included in the aforementioned principles. In the case law of the Polish Supreme Court (…) it has been indicated, for example, that the fundamental principles of the Polish legal order include, among others, the principle of freedom of will in civil law, the pacta sund servanda principle and the principles setting limits of the freedom to form contracts and consequently the limits of the pacta sund servanda principle, as wells as the principle of freedom of business activity, the principle of contractual justice and the principle of compensatory nature of liability for damages (…).

4. [P]ursuant to Art. 1197 § 2 of the PCPC, an arbitration award shall contain the reasons for the award. However (…) it should be assumed that the requirement set out in Art. 1197 § 2 of the PCPC is not equivalent to the obligation of an arbitral tribunal to draw up a reasoning containing all elements provided for in Art. 328 § 2 of the PCPC. As the Polish Supreme Court indicates, to recognize that the requirements set out in Art. 1197 § 2 of the PCPC have been fulfilled, it is sufficient to be able infer from the reasons drawn up by the arbitral tribunal what premises were applied by the arbitral tribunal when the tribunal ruled on the parties’ demands (…)

5. No award with respect to capitalised interest may also justify (…) the allegation that the arbitration award violated Art. 481 § 1 of the Polish Civil Code. However, taking into account particularly the dispositive nature of this legal norm, it cannot be classified as one of the prime principles of civil law. Therefore, such a violation cannot be deemed a ground for setting aside an arbitration award on the basis of Art. 1206 § 2 (2) of the PCPC. 

Data wydania: 20-12-2017 | Sygnatura: VI ACa 871/16

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20573

Warsaw Court of Appeal judgment dated 5 June 2017 Case No. I ACa 518/16

1. Art. 1206 of the PCPC stipulates grounds for a petition to set aside an arbitration award and this enumeration is of exhaustive character … . A state court hearing a petition is in principle bound by the grounds cited by the petitioner, however, the grounds for setting aside an award indicated in Art. 1206 § 2 of the PCPC shall be examined ex officio.

2. [A] petition [to set aside an arbitration award] is of quashing nature, as a state court can only set aside the arbitration award in full, in part or reject the petition, but the state court cannot rule on the merits of the case.

3. According to Art. 1207 of the PCPC, Art. 368 of the PCPC shall apply accordingly to a petition to set aside an arbitration award and the provisions governing an appeal shall apply accordingly to a petition to set aside an arbitration award, unless otherwise provided therein.

4. The assessment of whether an arbitration award violates the fundamental principles of the legal order should be thus conducted on a case-by-case basis, narrowly, and an affirmative conclusion may be reached only if the effects of the arbitration award would result in a material violation of the aforementioned principles. However, it should be emphasized that there is a great deal of autonomy of arbitration, essentially limiting the possibilities for review by the state court.

5. In the case law, the fundamental principles of the legal order include, among other things: the principle of civil liability for the injury caused …, the principle of the restitutive nature of liability for damages …, the pacta sunt servanda principle …, the principle of business freedom and freedom of contract, the principle of contractual fairness …, the principle of protection of property rights …, the principle of the autonomy of the will of the parties and the equality of entities … . The aforementioned enumeration is, naturally, only of an exemplary character, because the assessment regarding inconsistency of an arbitration award with the fundamental principles of legal order may be determined based on the analysis of a given case, however, with the proviso that it must be a discrepancy of obvious, general and fundamental character, i.e. a discrepancy which is incompatible with the principles of a democratic state of law, when an arbitration award infringes the governing legal principles in force in the Republic of Poland.

6. [P]ursuant to Art. 1197 § 2 of the PCPC, an arbitration award shall contain the reasons for the award, but this does not mean, however, that the reasoning shall be constructed strictly according to the rules indicated in Art. 328 of the PCPC, which stipulates necessary elements of the state court reasoning. This follows from the character of arbitration proceedings, which are not as formalized as civil law proceedings. However, without any doubt, the grounds of an arbitration award should be clear and reflect a reasoning analyzable in terms of the grounds to reject the petition, but in the properly formulated reasoning an arbitral tribunal is not obliged to refer to all the arguments and arguments presented by a party at any stage of the arbitration proceedings and in any form … . It is sufficient for the arbitral tribunal to consider all factual circumstances and arguments of a judicial nature, significant from the point of view of the award and the examined legal relationship.

7. The circumstance … that not all arguments and evidence were deemed well-founded and sufficiently significant for the outcome of the arbitral award does not mean that a party has been deprived of the possibility to defend its rights or that the principle of equality has been infringed.

8. [I]n arbitration proceedings, the tribunal may also disregard evidence motions of the parties, if the tribunal finds they are not necessary to examine the case or examination of the evidence encounters significant obstacles … .

Data wydania: 05-06-2017 | Sygnatura: I ACa 518/16

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20568

Warsaw Court of Appeal judgment dated 28 March 2017 Case No. VI ACa 603/16

1. [T]he principle of hearing a case by an independent, impartial and unbiased court applies to every judicial proceedings, also before arbitral tribunals, which are treated as courts of trust. … . Lack of impartiality renders an arbitration award contrary to the principles of public policy.

2. The public policy clause, like any general clause, is indeterminate, which leaves a court seized of a particular case a wide range of discretion, nonetheless, review on this basis of the elements comprising a ruling of an arbitral tribunal cannot take dimensions proper for a review of the merits (correctness) of the ruling. The prohibition of the review of the merits (correctness) of such ruling is connected with the essence of application of the public policy clause. When the clause is used, it is not the point that the awards which is subject to the assessment must be consistent with all relevant absolutely binding provisions of law. The point is whether the award has had an effect contrary to the fundamental principles of the national legal order.

3. [T]he phrase “fundamental principles of legal order” used in Art. 1206 § 2 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code refers to such a violation of provisions of substantive law that results in violation of the principles of the rule of law, and the award infringes the overriding legal principles in force in the Republic of Poland and conflicts with the legal order, that is, it violates the principles of the political and socioeconomic system.

4. Determination of whether an arbitration award violates fundamental principles of public order must be formulated narrowly … .

5. Procedural public policy may be grounds for assessing an arbitration award in two aspects. First, the procedure which led to issuance of the arbitration award is assessed for its compliance with the fundamental procedural principles of the legal order. Second, the effects of the arbitration award are assessed from the perspective of their consistency with the procedural public policy i.e. whether they are reconcilable with the system of procedural law, e.g. whether they violate the principles of res iudicata or the rights of third parties … .

6. [T]here is a great deal of autonomy in arbitration procedure, entirely consistent with the intention of the lawmaker, distinctly limiting the availability of review by the state court … . Parties who decide to submit a dispute to an arbitral tribunal must thus be aware of such conditions, including also of minimal external review of arbitration awards … .

Data wydania: 28-03-2017 | Sygnatura: VI ACa 603/16

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 20571

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 28 March 2017 Case No. II CSK 444/16

1. The difference between ruling on the basis of the principles of equity and application of Art. 5 of the Polish Civil Code lies is the scope of the interference. Resolution of a dispute on the basis of the principles of equity allows an arbitral tribunal to substitute positive law with social norms and to assess all circumstances of the disputed relationship according to this criterion, whereas application of Art. 5 of the Polish Civil Code is limited to assessment of compliance of the exercise of a subjective right with social norms.

2. [T]he public policy clause makes it possible to eliminate systemically defective arbitration awards that grossly transgress against the foundations of the Polish legal order.

3. [A]ssessment whether the principle of pacta sunt servanda has been infringed as a result of a restriction arising out of a contractual subjective right, especially in the case when an arbitral tribunal rules on the basis of legal provisions (Art. 1194 § 1 of the PCPC) must include an examination of the grounds of applying Art. 5 of the Polish Civil Code, because only this way it may be assessed whether the foundations of the legal order have been violated or not.

Data wydania: 28-03-2017 | Sygnatura: II CSK 444/16

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20586

Łódź Court of Appeal judgment dated 3 March 2017 Case No. I ACa 1139/16

1. A petition [to set aside an arbitration award] in the current shape, maintaining its distinct character with all its limitations, in particular concerning the grounds of the petition, is similar to an appeal. If a petition is well-founded, a state court may only revoke an arbitration award, which does not lead to expiration of the arbitration agreement (Art. 1211 of the PCPC) and should not be treated as consideration of the merits of the case submitted to arbitration. A ruling of a state court frustrates the effects of an arbitration award if any of the grounds indicated in Art. 1206 of the PCPC occurred, however, a ruling of a state court does not resolve, as a matter of principle, the legal dispute between the parties which was referred to arbitration with the exception of determining that an arbitration agreement does not exist, is invalid, ineffective or lost its legal power according to the applicable law.

2. Commencement of proceedings to remove an arbitrator before the conclusion of the proceedings before an arbitral tribunal results in the proceedings regulated in Art. 1176 of the PCPC being the proper procedure to consider the application and the assessment whether there were grounds to remove an arbitrator. However, in the situation of conclusion of proceedings before an arbitral tribunal, the only way to challenge the composition of the arbitral tribunal delivering the award in the case are proceedings initiated by a petition to set aside an arbitration award.

3. In evaluating whether an arbitration award in inconsistent with the fundamental principles of the legal order, the content of the award should be considered, and not the correctness of the procedure before the arbitral tribunal or the correctness of the composition thereof.

4. Because of the fact that the relationships between the arbitral tribunal and the claimant are of institutional and permanent character and the mere arbitration agreement concerns purely and simply one relevant arbitral tribunal, it should be deemed consequently that the arbitration agreement of such content is at least ineffective, i.e. it does not bring any legal effects. It is also reasonable to assume that the arbitration agreement is invalid because the dispute cannot be adjudicated by the indicated arbitral tribunal, i.e. the arbitration award has no relevant content.

Data wydania: 03-03-2017 | Sygnatura: I ACa 1139/16

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20562

Białystok Court of Appeal judgment dated 29 December 2016 Case No. I ACa 592/16

1. The scope of review of an arbitration award is limited only to the prerequisites indicated in Art. 1206 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code and the defectiveness of such an award in terms of facts or law is not generally examined in the proceedings initiated by a petition to set aside an arbitration award. Limitation of the cognition of the state court in such proceedings has its source in the voluntary resignation from the constitutional right to court by the parties to the arbitration agreement… . … the state court is not bound by the grounds for setting aside of an arbitration award invoked in the petition, so ex officio it shall examine only … the prerequisites enumerated in Art. 1206 § 2 of the PCPC … .

2. [A]rt. 365 § 1 of the PCPC is one of the fundamental systemic principles of the Polish law and the violation of this provision shall be assessed as a violation of the fundamental procedural principles of the legal order … .

3. Submission to an arbitral tribunal of disputes under a contractual relationship means in other words that the jurisdiction of the arbitral tribunal includes any and all claims for performance of the contract, claims arising in the event of non-performance or improper performance of the contract, claims to restore undue consideration arising in the event of invalidity of the contract or rescission of the contract, as well as tort claims if they arise out of an event that also constitutes non-performance or improper performance of the contract … .

4. A violation of the provisions of substantive law by an arbitral tribunal only exceptionally may be a basis for setting aside of an arbitration award, namely, when the infringed norm is of ius cogens character and a special role in the domestic legal system is attributed to it, usually in the context of certain constitutional principles. The assessment whether there are grounds for applying the public policy clause shall, however, be formulated ad casum and thus in a restrictive manner … .

5. [T]he arbitration court’s erroneous interpretation or incorrect application of the provisions regarding the limitation periods or preclusion shall not be regarded as violation of fundamental principles of the legal order … .

6. [T]he requirements in terms of the reasons for the arbitration award feature, with reference to the reasoning of the state court’s judgment, some minimalism and to find them fulfilled it is sufficient if it is possible to deduce from them what grounds the arbitral tribunal has based on.

Data wydania: 29-12-2016 | Sygnatura: I ACa 592/16

Key issues: arbitration agreement, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20561

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 20 January 2016 Case No. IV CSK 282/15

1. Accepting that an arbitration award does not have binding force or res judicata effect would totally undermine the purpose for the existence of arbitration.

2. Pursuant to Civil Procedure Code Art. 1212 §1, the state court is bound, under the rules set forth in Civil Procedure Code Art. 365, by a legally final and enforceable arbitration award, which also has res judicata effect in the respect indicated in Civil Procedure Code Art. 366.

3. Under Civil Procedure Code Art. 365, both the court and the parties are bound by a legally final and enforceable arbitration award issued in the case pending with their participation. This binding force means that such award is of a preclusive nature in another case between the same parties if the specific relationship exists between the award and the subsequently pending case consisting in the legally final prior ruling impacting the resolution of the pending case.

Data wydania: 20-01-2016 | Sygnatura: IV CSK 282/15

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 20415

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 19 March 2015 Case No. IV CSK 443/14

1. The FIDIC conditions are a set of procedures and conditions describing the course of construction projects. Among other things, they describe the rights and obligations of the participants in the construction process, including in clause 20 the procedure for disputes and arbitration. … Interpretation of the provisions included in the FIDIC conditions included in the contract in force between the parties is made in accordance with the principles of interpretation of declarations of will (contracts) set forth in Art. 56 and Art. 65 §§ 1 and 2 of the Civil Code.

2. Pursuant to FIDIC clause 20.4, “If a dispute (of any kind whatsoever) arises between the Parties in connection with, or arising out of, the Contract or the execution of the Works, … either Party may refer the dispute in writing to the DAB [dispute adjudication board]”. The use of the word “may” in this clause should be understood only to mean that pursuit of claims is a right and not an obligation of a party. But if the party does decide to pursue the claim, according to FIDIC clause 20 it must submit the claim to a dispute adjudication board.

3. Pursuant to FIDIC clause 20.8, “If a dispute arises between the Parties in connection with, or arising out of, the Contract or the execution of the Works and there is no DAB [dispute adjudication board] in place, whether by reason of the expiry of the DAB’s appointment or otherwise: Sub-Clause 20.4 [Obtaining Dispute Adjudication Board’s Decision] and Sub-Clause 20.5 [Amicable Settlement] shall not apply, and the dispute may be referred directly to arbitration under Sub-Clause 20.6 [Arbitration].” Under the circumstances of this case, the possibility of referring the dispute directly to arbitration arose “otherwise,” i.e. by the parties’ failure to agree on the composition of the dispute adjudication board and failure by either of them to apply to the appointing authority to appoint the DAB.

4. The fundamental principles of the legal order are fundamental constitutional principles and the leading principles governing specific fields of substantive and procedural law.

Data wydania: 19-03-2015 | Sygnatura: IV CSK 443/14

Key issues: jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20395

Warsaw Court of Appeal judgment dated 15 December 2014 Case No. VI ACa 311/14

1. It is permissible to seek to set aside an arbitration award in part, if the challenged resolution can be separated from the remaining part of the award.

2. In a proceeding to set aside an arbitration award, the court cannot set aside the award in part if the petitioner applied to set aside the award in its entirety and there are grounds to grant the petition. This is because a demand to set aside an arbitration award in part is not a lesser included demand in a demand to set aside the award in its entirety; it is a different type of demand. Moreover, if the particular parts of the award interlock so that none of the parts can be separated from the other parts without materially deforming the entirety, it is impermissible to set aside the award in part.

3. Informing a party only in the justification of the award that (despite denying the claim in its entirety) one of the party’s demands was not considered because the fee for that claim was not paid, when that demand was the subject of examination during the evidentiary proceeding and was the subject of the response to the statement of claim and pleadings by both parties, while at the same time granting the demands of the opposing party in their entirety, which resolution was dependent on the resolution of the plaintiff’s demands, indicates that the arbitration award is contrary to the public policy clause, depriving the party of the ability to exercise the rights provided by regulations of substantive law and also indirectly depriving the party of a defence against the counterclaims of the opposing party. This method of proceeding before the arbitration court violates the party’s right to a fair and honest trial.

4. Resolving the respondent’s demands in their entirety before resolving the claimant’s complete demand, regardless of whether or not the party could apply for supplementation of the award, is also contrary to fundamental principles of the legal order, including violation of the principle of equal treatment of the parties. Moreover, the arbitration court would already be bound by the award issued by it in the part concerning the counterclaim, and thus it could not issue a ruling with different substantive legal consequences. Undoubtedly the principles of a fair trial require that the party be informed prior to issuance of an award of the possible taking of a procedural decision as to one of the party’s claims, regardless of whether the claimant’s claim is deemed to be an alternative claim (as it was worded, in the event that the main claim is not upheld) or as a separate procedural claim in an accumulation of claims.

5. The defence of the ineffectiveness of an arbitration clause may be asserted not only by the respondent, but also by the claimant. However, it is indicated in the legal literature that in such case, the claimant, as the party initiating the proceeding before the arbitration court, should make a thorough analysis of the factual and legal state of the case, including issues connected with the grounds for commencement of the proceeding before the arbitration court, and if it concludes that the clause is ineffective, it should file the case with the state court, which upon the objection of the respondent will resolve the issue of the effectiveness of the clause. As indicated in the literature, asserting the ineffectiveness of the clause only at this stage violates the principle of due diligence which a professional participant in commercial dealings is required to comply with.

6. An arbitration clause may cease to be in force in the instances set forth in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1168 and 1195 §4 or in the bankruptcy law, or in the occurrence of certain substantive legal events (e.g. repudiation of the legal consequences of a declaration of will), including those indicated by the parties as the reasons for the clause ceasing to be in force. The mere change in the rules of the arbitration court does not result in loss of force of the clause, either under the regulations currently in force or in accordance with the regulations in force on the date of conclusion of the clause.

7. The mere fact that one of the parties to the arbitration participated in creation of the list of arbitrators by nominating candidates for arbitrators from among persons who are authorities in the given field does not mean that there is dependency between the arbitrator and the party or that the party has greater rights. Despite the indirect influence of the banks over a portion of some panels of arbitrators, the rules of the Court of Arbitration at [the Polish Bank Association] ensure the impartially of the arbitration court and do not violate the principle of the equality of the parties in the arbitration proceeding. Because there are numerous arbitrators [on the list], and the party does not know which of them will hear the case and does not select a specific person as presiding arbitrator, it cannot be found that the party had greater rights than its opponent.

8. A petition to set aside an arbitration award may concern issues of the procedure followed only if fundamental principles of procedure before the arbitration court, arising out of a statute or specified by the parties, were not complied with (Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 §1(4)). In essence this has to do with failure to comply with fundamental principles of civil procedure, but it was not demonstrated that the arbitration court failed to comply with such principles.

Data wydania: 15-12-2014 | Sygnatura: VI ACa 311/14

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20387

Kraków Court of Appeal judgment dated 3 October 2014 Case No. I ACa 881/14

1. The state court considering a case seeking to set aside an arbitration award cannot re-examine the merits of the dispute. … Treating the scope of review by the state court differently would undermine the autonomy of arbitration, which would place it in a kind of protectorate of the state court system, thus distorting not only the ideals on which the functioning of arbitration is based but also the intention of the Parliament, which in modifying the rules for its functioning limits the scope of intervention by the state court system to exceptional instances expressly stated in the law.

2. The state court is not entitled to review whether the arbitration court properly determined the facts and properly evaluated the evidence. This falls within the bounds of the resolution on the merits of the asserted claims.

Data wydania: 03-10-2014 | Sygnatura: I ACa 881/14

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20406

Warsaw Court of Appeal judgment dated 24 July 2014 Case No. I ACa 154/14

1. The fact that two arbitrators, constituting a majority of the panel, had already signed drafts of the awards was certainly not valid grounds for the presiding arbitrator to refuse to continue deliberations over the awards. This was not equivalent to the act of voting, not to mention equivalent to deliberations on the resolution and the grounds for the resolution. Refusal to continue the deliberations in order to discuss the comments means that it cannot be said that the deliberations were completed and voting was held on the awards. … As pointed out in the legal literature, the list of examples of violations with respect to regulations on voting, removal of an arbitrator and the award which were set forth in Civil Procedure Code Art. 712 §1(3) (in force through 16 October 2005) were not expressly carried over to the wording of Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 §1(4). There is no doubt, however, that a violation of these rules should generally be treated as a violation of fundamental rules of procedure.

2. Ignoring evidence offered by a party because the arbitration court found the evidence to be unnecessary will not qualify as depriving the party of the ability to present a defence. Examination by the state court of whether the arbitration court correctly found such evidence to be unnecessary would constitute impermissible encroachment into the merits of the case. If the arbitration court ignored a certain portion of the defence presented by the party, while including in the grounds for the award a substantive explanation of the reasons it found the defence to be irrelevant, then the party’s allegation with respect to ignoring its defence is in reality directed against the substantive defence of the dispute and as such is impermissible.

Data wydania: 24-07-2014 | Sygnatura: I ACa 154/14

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20389

Polish Supreme Court order dated 14 March 2014 Case No. III CZP 128/13

The manner of service specified in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1160 should be applied also to arbitration awards. … There is no reason that the written notice referred to in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1160 should not also be understood to include an arbitration award.

Data wydania: 14-03-2014 | Sygnatura: III CZP 128/13

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 20382

Judgment of the Court of Justice of 27 February 2014, C-470/12, Pohotovosť s. r. o. v Miroslav Vašuta

Council Directive 93/13/EEC of 5 April 1993 on unfair terms in consumer contracts, in particular Articles 6(1), 7(1) and 8 of that directive, read in conjunction with Articles 38 and 47 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, must be interpreted as not precluding national legislation which does not allow a consumer protection association to intervene in support of a consumer in proceedings for enforcement, against the latter, of a final arbitration award.

Data wydania: 27-02-2014 | Sygnatura: C-470/12

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 20578

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 13 February 2014 Case No. V CSK 45/13

1. Application by the arbitration court of the substantive law applicable in the case is subject to review by the common court only insofar as required by the evaluation of the arbitration award, made by the court on its initiative, under the public policy clause set forth in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 §2(2), in terms of the award’s possible inconsistency with fundamental principles of the Polish legal system.

2. Alongside the principles of freedom of contract and the enforceability of contracts, the fundamental principles of the Polish legal system also include principles setting the boundaries of the freedom of contract and, in consequence, the limits of application of the principle of enforceability of contracts. These are more specifically the principle of business freedom, the principle of contractual fairness, and the principle of the compensatory nature of liability in damages, interpreted in compliance with the constitutional requirement of proportionality (Constitution Art. 31(3)), opposing inclusion in contracts of monetary consideration as a sanction for violation of an obligation in an amount far removed from the dimension of the loss, so that it becomes primarily a quasi-penal measure and leads to enrichment of the other party.

3. The reduction of the agreed contractual penalty by the arbitration court did not display the features of an arbitrary limitation of the legal consequences of providing for the contractual penalty, but fell within the bounds of statutory authority.

4. Any irregularities in application of Civil Code Art. 484 §2 by the arbitration court not resulting in the inconsistency of the award issued by it with the fundamental principles of the legal system could not be relevant in proceedings to set aside the award.

Data wydania: 13-02-2014 | Sygnatura: V CSK 45/13

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20381

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 6 February 2014 Case No. I CSK 191/13

The state court hearing a petition to set aside an arbitration award may consider whether in the specific case there were valid grounds justifying a departure [by the arbitration court] from the rule of being bound by a legally final judgment, and reference to the circumstances permitting reopening of proceedings before a state court should be helpful in this respect. … From the point of view of the grounds for reopening proceedings, there is nothing preventing new factual circumstances from being disclosed as a result of actions conducted by an expert in a different case, after the end of the proceeding that would be reopened. It is essential that they be circumstances that already existed during the course of the completed proceeding.

Data wydania: 06-02-2014 | Sygnatura: I CSK 191/13

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20384

Kraków Court of Appeal order dated 24 October 2013 Case No. I ACz 1722/13

1. Under Art. 1197 §3 of the Civil Procedure Code, an arbitration award is a less formalized document than a state court judgment. In particular, it should be agreed that the identification of the parties to the proceeding before the arbitral tribunal does not have to be included in the caption of the award, but at any place in the award. It should be deemed sufficient to include the designation of the parties in the operative wording of the award using the phrase “awards against respondent X in favour of claimant Y the amount Z,” or to identify the parties in the justification for the award, which is an integral part of the award.

2. Art. 1214 §3 of the Civil Procedure Code has to do with a situation in which enforcement of the arbitration award would result in violation of [fundamental principles of the legal order]. This provision thus requires attention to the substantive content of the arbitration award, that is, to assess the adjudicated claim in terms of the permissibility of its realization in light of fundamental principles of the legal order of the Republic of Poland. This does not refer however to formal irregularities committed by the arbitral tribunal.

Data wydania: 24-10-2013 | Sygnatura: I ACz 1722/13

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 20426

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 11 October 2013 Case No. I CSK 769/12

1. Participation in a judicial proceeding by entities lacking judicial capacity would result in the invalidity of the proceeding, while issuance of an arbitration award with respect to such entities would be regarded as a violation of the fundamental principles of the legal order of the Republic of Poland, because it would violate one of the fundamental procedural rules that only a party vested with judicial capacity can be a party to proceedings. Moreover, such an award would also violate the fundamental principle of civil law that only entities vested with legal capacity can be the subject of civil-law rights and obligations.

2. If a party raises the objection that the arbitration court lacks jurisdiction or the objection that a demand asserted by the opposing party exceeds the bounds of the arbitration clause (Civil Procedure Code Art. 1180 § 2), and the arbitration court deems these objections unfounded, the arbitration court may issue an award, stating therein that it deemed the objections raised to be unfounded, or overrule the objections in a separate order. In the first instance, the correctness of the position of the arbitration court on the objection raised by the party may be reviewed in a petition to set aside the arbitration award. However, if the arbitration court issues an order overruling the objection, review of the correctness of this position by the state court may occur only under the procedure provided for in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1180 § 3, i.e. by the party who raised the objection applying to the state court for a ruling within two weeks after service of the order on the party. The party’s failure to initiate such procedure for review of the order issued by the arbitration court deprives the party of the possibility of effectively basing a petition to set aside the arbitration award on the same objections constituting grounds for a petition to set aside an arbitration award under Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 § 1 (1) and (3).

3. The arbitration court’s violation of regulations of law, even regulations that are mandatorily applicable, does not necessarily mean violation of fundamental principles of the legal order, even if the arbitration court resolves the dispute according to the law governing the given relationship, when under Civil Procedure Code Art. 1194 § 1 the parties did not authorize it to decide on the basis of general principles of law or equity.

4. The intervention by the arbitration court with respect to the demand presented concerned … the method of fulfilment of the performance demanded. In procedural law there are no more specific rules of a fundamental nature referring to ruling on the manner of fulfilling the performance demanded in the statement of claim by several persons. The case law permits a certain intervention by the court here, e.g. awarding the demanded amount in solidum instead of jointly and severally, and vice versa. … From the point of view of the principle that it is up to the parties to frame their demands [dyspozytywność] it is essential that the identity of the subject of the demand be maintained, and the scope and factual grounds justifying upholding the demand. With respect to the demand that was asserted, the arbitration award maintained the identity of the debtor and the creditor, the type of relief, its amount and indivisibility, and also the factual grounds justifying granting the relief.

5. The essence of this agreement [a consortium] is at least similar to the agreement of an ordinary partnership [spółka cywilna], and sometimes contains the essential elements thereof, which justifies application of the regulations governing ordinary partnerships as relevant to the relations between members of the consortium, including the regulations concerning joint commonality [wspólność łączna]. … It does not violate the public policy clause for the arbitration court to award damages to three entities “jointly” despite the lack of a legal relationship among these entities creating joint commonality among them.

6. The arbitration court’s ruling on the basis of the regulations of applicable law, if the parties do not provide otherwise (Civil Procedure Code Art. 1194 § 1), is one of the fundamental principles of procedure before the arbitration court. Therefore violation of this principle by the arbitration court may be asserted as an allegation of violation of Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 § 1 (4). Under this allegation, however, the state court cannot be expected to review the substantive correctness of the award issued by the arbitration court.

7. The position that suffering injury as a result of non-performance or improper performance of an obligation arising out of a contract does not justify wilful satisfaction of the claim for damages out of the established security, contrary to the conditions agreed with the counterparty, does not violate fundamental principles of the legal order, i.e. the principles of the rule of law (Constitution Art. 2), protection of property rights and equality of counterparties cooperating with one another (Constitution Art. 20), economic liberty (Constitution Art. 22), and equality before the law (Constitution Art. 32(2)).

Data wydania: 11-10-2013 | Sygnatura: I CSK 769/12

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20394

Szczecin Court of Appeal judgment Dated 21 March 2013 Case No. I ACa 855/12

1. Even though (if the parties did not agree otherwise) the arbitral tribunal shall resolve a dispute applying the regulations of substantive law applicable to the legal relationship, violation of substantive law by the arbitral tribunal is grounds for a petition to set aside the award only if as a result of the violation, the award is contrary to fundamental principles of the legal order of the Republic of Poland. In other words, if despite a violation of substantive law the award cannot be said to be contrary to fundamental principles of the legal order, the mere violation cannot constitute an effective basis for demanding that the award be set aside.

2. The construction of a petition to set aside an arbitration award indicates that this measure is not used to conduct substantive review by the state court of the correctness of the resolution by the arbitral tribunal, similar to appellate review in judicial proceedings.

3. An award is contrary to fundamental principles of the legal order when this concerns constitutional principles of the socio-economic system or leading principles governing specific fields of substantive law. The fundamental principles of the legal order constituting the basis for evaluation of an arbitration award should be understood not only as constitutional norms, but also the leading norms in specific fields of law. … The procedural legal order may be the basis for evaluation of an arbitration award in two aspects. First, the compliance of the procedure which led to issuance of the arbitration award with fundamental procedural principles of the legal order is subject to evaluation. Second, the consequences of the arbitration award from the point of view of their compliance with the procedural public order are subject to evaluation, i.e., whether they are reconcilable with the system of procedural law, e.g. whether they violate res judicata or the rights of third parties.

4. A party forfeits the right to challenge an arbitration award through a petition to set aside the award due to failure to raise objections to an arbitrator subject, in the party’s view, to removal, if the party did not demand removal in the proceeding before the arbitral tribunal.

5. The requirements established for persons serving as arbitrator should be combined with the entitlement of a party to the proceeding to obtain knowledge about any potential ties between the arbitrator and the entities appearing in the proceeding. Generally it is left to the party to evaluate whether the circumstances constitute grounds for a decision whether to select an arbitrator or a decision to challenge the arbitrator. In this sense, the arbitrator’s own assessment is irrelevant, as the essence of the fairness of the procedure is connected with external evaluations made by others.

6. Indeed, the right to a fair trial provided in Art. 45(1) of the Polish Constitution, an element of which is consideration of the case by an independent court in a fairly conducted proceeding, does fall within the fundamental principles of the legal order whose violation the state court must examine at its own initiative. However, it is indicated in the case law and the legal literature that Art. 45 of the Constitution does not apply at all to arbitration, only the state courts.

7. The institution of recusal of a judge is provided for by the Civil Procedure Code both in proceedings before the state court and in proceedings before an arbitration court. The fundamental difference in the regulation of this institution is that in a proceeding before an arbitration court, the code does not provide for removal of the arbitrator or presiding arbitrator by operation of law, as is the case with respect to a judge in proceedings before the state court (Civil Procedure Code Art. 48). The grounds for challenging an arbitrator indicated in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1174 §2 are circumstances raising justified doubts as to his impartiality or independence, as well as lack of qualifications specified in the parties’ agreement. The grounds for recusal of a judge listed in Art. 48 and 49 do not apply to challenge of an arbitrator, but in interpreting the concept of circumstances raising justified doubts as to impartiality or independence Art. 48 and 49 may have auxiliary application. In a proceeding before a state court, under Civil Procedure Code Art. 379(4), participation by a judge recused by operation of law becomes grounds for the invalidity of the proceeding and constitutes grounds to vacate the judgment by the appellate court, as well as by the Supreme Court, and this ground shall be considered by both of these courts at their own initiative (Civil Procedure Code Art. 378 §2 and 39311). … The Civil Procedure Code does not provide for such absolute invalidity in proceedings before an arbitration court. If a party did not challenge an arbitrator or presiding arbitrator despite possessing knowledge of the grounds for challenge, there are no legal grounds to challenge the arbitration award. As an exception only, participation in an arbitration panel by an arbitrator or presiding arbitrator whose rights and obligations could be affected by the result in the case could constitute grounds for setting aside the award, which did not occur in this case. This is because violation of the principle that no one can be a judge in his own case (nemo in re sua judex) would undoubtedly conflict with the fundamental principles of the legal order of the Republic of Poland.

Data wydania: 21-03-2013 | Sygnatura: I ACa 855/12

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20405

Polish Supreme Court order dated 23 January 2013 Case No. I CSK 186/12

1. Pursuant to Civil Procedure Code Art. 1215 §1, the court shall rule on recognition or enforcement of an arbitration award issued abroad or a settlement concluded before an arbitration court abroad after conducting a hearing. This provision confirms the rule provided for adversarial proceedings in Civil Procedure Code Art. 148 §1 that cases are considered at a hearing. A departure from this rule should be interpreted narrowly. Therefore, if a provision specifies the type of cases that are considered at a hearing, this method of consideration applies regardless of whether the court upholds the claim (or application) or denies it.

2. The [New York] Convention sets forth the material conditions for recognition (primarily in Art. IV and V), and therefore a proceeding for recognition of a foreign arbitration award should be conducted primarily in accordance with the provisions set forth in the Convention, and on the basis of the Civil Procedure Code in other respects not governed there.

3. The requirements with respect to the form of conclusion of an arbitration agreement should be assessed according to the [New York] Convention, and not according to Civil Procedure Code Art. 1162.

4. A liberal interpretation of [New York Convention Art. II(2)] is accepted in practice, recognizing that the enumeration therein of methods of concluding an agreement is not exhaustive, but also includes other techniques used for reaching agreement at a distance.

5. It should be accepted that the law of the state in which an arbitration award was issued should decide on the issue of certification of the contents of the award.

6. The view that failure to enclose the documents specified in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1213 with an application for recognition does not constitute a formal defect that is subject to supplementation pursuant to Civil Procedure Code Art. 130 §1 in connection with Art. 13 §2 is incorrect.

7. The respondent was not named in the arbitration award, but only the business name under which he trades was stated. The correctness and effectiveness of such identification should be decided by the law of the state of origin of the award.

Data wydania: 23-01-2013 | Sygnatura: I CSK 186/12

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration agreement, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20269

Warsaw Court of Appeal judgment dated 23 August 2012 Case nos. I ACa 46/11 and I ACa 578/12

1. Review of an arbitration award by the state court cannot turn into a full consideration of the merits of the dispute submitted to arbitration for resolution. Nonetheless, the obligation to examine whether the challenged award violates fundamental principles of the legal order usually cannot be conducted properly without the state court’s reference to the case file. Sticking only to the wording of the arbitration award itself would render such review illusory.

2. Unlike the state court, the arbitration court is not bound to apply the law strictly, even if the parties have not authorized it to resolve the dispute under principles of equity. The only limitation on the arbitration court in this respect is the fundamental principles of the legal order (for example the principle of the compensatory nature of liability in damages and the principle of protection of property rights). Not every violation of substantive law by an arbitration court, nor every erroneous interpretation or improper application or failure to apply a legal norm may be held to be a violation of fundamental principles of the legal order.

3. The rule expressed in Civil Code Art. 379 §1 of the separateness of performance is not one of the rules whose violation would conflict with the foundations of the legal order of the Republic of Poland. It suffices to point out that the parties to the agreement may exclude this rule by providing for solidarity among the creditors (Civil Code Art. 369 in connection with Art. 367 §1).

4. An objection of the lack of jurisdiction of the arbitration court is subject to preclusion if it is not asserted within the time indicated in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1180 §2. In that case, a petition to set aside the arbitration award can no longer effectively rely on the basis set forth in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 §1(1). In the event of assertion of the objection of lack of jurisdiction, the arbitration court may rule on its own jurisdiction in a separate order, but that is left to its discretion. If the arbitration court is convinced of the existence of a valid arbitration agreement, it may also consider the case on the merits without first issuing an order concerning the asserted objections to its jurisdiction. In the latter case, it is obvious that a party may base its petition to set aside the arbitration award on the allegation of violation of Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 §1(1), because it did not previously have any possibility of presenting this objection to the state court for its review. It is different in the case of issuance by the arbitration court of an order overruling the objection of its lack of jurisdiction. Then the parties may seek a ruling by the state court within 14 days after service of the order on them. The judicial proceedings in this respect are at two instances (Civil Procedure Code Art. 1180 §3).

5. A party which has exhausted the procedure specified in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1180 §3 cannot later, in a petition to set aside the award, again assert the objection of the absence of an arbitration agreement or its invalidity or ineffectiveness. This conclusion may be drawn from Civil Procedure Code Art. 365 §1 in connection with Art. 1207 §2 or in connection with Art. 13 §2. … Referring the order of the arbitration court to the court of first instance, and then the party’s failure to file an interlocutory appeal against an order against it, also closes the path to reassertion of the objection of the lack of jurisdiction of the arbitration court on the grounds indicated in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 §1(1). There are no grounds for distinguishing the litigation stance of a party which exhausted the recourse to both instances and a party which did not file an interlocutory appeal against the order of the court of first instance, and in consequence the order obtained finality. In both cases the legally final orders are binding on the parties and the courts pursuant to Civil Procedure Code Art. 365 §1.

6. A party that sought a ruling on jurisdiction pursuant to Civil Procedure Code Art. 1180 §3 and obtained an unfavourable order from the state court cannot assert the same objections under Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 §1(1), regardless of whether the state court ruled at one or both instances.

7. The law essentially equalizes—in terms of legal consequences—the failure to assert the objection of lack of jurisdiction of the arbitration court within the time indicated in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1180 §2 with the respondent’s inclination (consent) to consideration of the case by the arbitration court. An interpretation accepting the preclusion specified in Art. 1180 §2 but at the same time permitting non-recourse to the procedure for judicial review set forth in Art. 1180 §3 and accepting the possibility of not disputing the jurisdictional order of the arbitration court until the petition to set aside the award would be an inconsistent interpretation and largely eliminate the benefits for both parties to the arbitration proceeding flowing from the 2005 amendment to the Civil Procedure Code.

8. In its review, the state court cannot re-evaluate the evidence to determine whether it would have made the same factual findings as those presented in the arbitration award under review. Disputing the arbitration award in this respect would be possibly only if the defects founds were so fundamental that they would qualify as a violation of fundamental principles of civil procedure. Evaluation of the award in terms of the fundamental principles of substantive law must not be turned into appellate review.

Data wydania: 23-08-2012 | Sygnatura: I ACa 46/11 and I ACa 578/12

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20403

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 13 April 2012 Case No. I CSK 416/11

1. The rule of the binding force of legally final judicial rulings, as an element of the values protected under the Constitution and in the international order making up a state governed by the rule of law, which the Republic of Poland is, is included among the fundamental principles of the legal order of the Republic of Poland.

2. The state judicial system and arbitration are not identical. The lack of identity does not mean, however, that arbitration courts, and particularly their rulings, are irrelevant for the judicial system. While it is true that under Art. 175 of the Constitution, justice is dispensed by the state courts, it should be clearly stressed that as part of the dispensation of justice, the state courts oversee the activity of arbitration courts, and more precisely the rulings issued by them.

3. A ruling by a state court on recognition or enforcement of an arbitration award results in ascribing to the award the same force that rulings of state courts have, which is clearly confirmed by Civil Procedure Code Art. 1212 §1. This means that such a ruling, thanks to the state court ruling connected with it, must be treated in legal dealings the same as any other ruling of a state court. ... If an arbitration ruling has the same force as a ruling of a state court, this means that Civil Procedure Code Art. 365 §1 [i.e. preclusive effect] applies to it. Civil Procedure Code Art. 1212 does not provide for any exceptions from the equivalence of the effects of the arbitration court ruling to a state court ruling.

4. If the parties and the arbitration court appointed by them wish the ruling of the arbitration court to be equivalent in its effects to a state court ruling, they must take into consideration that the arbitration court has already ruled preclusively in the same matter between the same parties. If the prior ruling by the arbitration court has already been recognized or enforced by the state court, this has fundamental significance for the ability to recognize a further ruling issued between the same parties. A state court which is ruling on recognition or enforcement of a further ruling may not ignore the fact that the state court has already spoken on the same matter. In other words, the court will be bound by the ruling of the state court that recognized or enforced the prior arbitration court ruling.

5. It follows from Civil Procedure Code Art. 365 §1 that a court ruling on recognition of a second arbitration ruling, being bound by the prior ruling also by a state court, should not permit two rulings to be found in legal circulation which decided the same preclusive issue differently in the same matter between the same parties.

6. The lack of a basis to apply the regulations on a proceeding upon a petition to reopen [a legally final judgment] directly to assessment of an arbitration award, and on the other hand the lack in Polish law of a regulation for reopening a proceeding with respect to arbitration awards, cannot result in the unfettered discretion of an arbitration court in determining whether to take into consideration an earlier award in which a certain issue was already preclusively ruled on between the same parties. … If the arbitration court expects its award to be recognized, it should take into consideration the prior resolution of the preclusive issue in the award that was already recognized with legal finality by the state court. When examining the permissibility of a departure from this rule, the court in a proceeding to set aside an arbitration award may not rely on the mere assertion by the arbitration court that new facts or evidence has appeared in the case, but should determine, applying as relevant the criteria for assessment developed in the context of the legal regulations for reopening of a proceeding concluded in a legally final judgment, whether they are truly new facts and evidence, and whether the party could have asserted them in the prior proceeding.

Data wydania: 13-04-2012 | Sygnatura: I CSK 416/11

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 20375

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 15 March 2012 Case No. I CSK 286/11

1. Factual findings by the arbitration court are generally binding on the state court hearing a petition by a party dissatisfied with the resolution of the case by the arbitration court. The proceeding before the state court is not in the nature of the review proper to a common court of second instance, however, but is limited to the grounds expressly stated by the regulations, which are the permissible legal grounds for a petition to set aside an arbitration award (Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 §§ 1 and 2).

2. Only if the state court finds that the [evidentiary] procedure was not conducted at all or was conducted incompletely, or was clearly conducted defectively, in violation of the rules of logical understanding and linking of facts in a chain of cause and effect, with selective admission of evidence in the case, admitting evidence only from one side, excluding without justification evidence offered by the opposing side, and the like, may it be found that the requirements referred to in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 §1(4) were not met. ... This provision should be interpreted narrowly, limiting the possibility of upsetting an arbitration award to the principles of a fair trial and procedural violations that could have an effect on the arbitration award.

3. The defendant’s argument that the principles of civil liability for injury do not belong to the fundamental principles of the legal order in Poland cannot be sustained. Under the civil law, and thus in private legal relationships, as a result of various events—particularly dangerous acts, acts arising out of commercial activity, vehicular traffic, as well as legal acts—the occurrence of injury is of universal dimensions and requires legal regulations guaranteeing liability in damages. Regulations in this respect belong to the fundamental norms of the law of obligations, and under tort liability and contractual liability may be regarded as forming some of the fundamental principles of the legal order of the state.

4. Art. 45 of the Polish Constitution does not refer at all to arbitration, but only to the state courts.

Data wydania: 15-03-2012 | Sygnatura: I CSK 286/11

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20368

Wrocław Appellate Court judgment dated 8 February 2012 Case No. I ACa 26/12

1. An arbitration award may be said to be contrary to the fundamental principles of the legal order … only with respect to constitutional principles of the socio-economic system or the leading principles governing specific fields of substantive law.

2. The defectiveness of an arbitration award consisting of violation of fundamental principles of the legal order must appear from the wording of the ruling as such, and not from violation of the regulations for procedure before the arbitration court.

3. The fundamental principles of the legal order, constituting the basis for assessment of an arbitration award, should be understood to include not only constitutional norms, but also the leading norms in specific fields of law.

4. Consideration of a petition [to set aside an arbitration award] generally does not include a review of the consistency of the arbitration award with substantive law, a review of whether the award is supported by the facts cited in the justification for the award, or whether such facts were properly established, although of course a ruling based on a selective, unreliable assessment of the evidence does violate the rule of law.

Data wydania: 08-02-2012 | Sygnatura: I ACa 26/12

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20339

Poznań Regional Court judgment dated 25 May 2011 Case No. IX GC 704/10

1. A petition to set aside an arbitration award is an extraordinary means of review of arbitration rulings by the state court. It is not an appeal, but combines the features of an extraordinary means of challenge with a claim to establish a right or legal relationship. But it cannot be agreed that it is a type of appeal or means of challenge.

2. The list of grounds for a petition to set aside an arbitration award provided in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 §§ 1 and 2 are exhaustive in nature; that is, the court may not set aside an arbitration award for reasons other than those set forth in this provision. It should nonetheless be pointed out that one of the grounds for the petition—the public policy clause—is in the nature of a general clause, which means that the list of circumstances which may justify setting aside an award is not closed.

3. Not every violation of the rules for procedure before the arbitration court established by the parties or arising under the code should result in setting aside an arbitration award. It is justified to accept by way of interpretation that the fundamental rules of procedure are those whose violation could have an effect on the result in the proceeding before the arbitration court in the specific case.

4. With respect to review of arbitration awards, the purpose of the public policy clause is to protect the national legal system against resolutions that are incompatible with the system. The resolution by the arbitration court, understood as an individual and concrete norm expressed in the arbitration award, as well as the method by which it was issued, is subject to assessment from the point of view of compatibility with the fundamental principles of the legal system.

5. The state court does not review the correctness of the arbitrators’ resolution, but it must examine and assess it in order to review the compatibility of the resolution with public policy. In other words, the state court should—at least insofar as the allegation of incompatibility [with public policy] arises—create a model of the ruling which in its opinion is correct, and then compare that to the arbitrators’ resolution, in order to determine whether the nature and scale of the inconsistency justifies the allegation of violation of public policy.

6. A gross and obvious discrepancy between the facts appearing from the arbitration case file (or facts that are commonly known or known to the state court in its official capacity) and the facts assumed as the basis for the award may not remain entirely beyond the scope of interest of the state court.

7. In the meaning of consistency with the fundamental principles of the legal system of the Republic of Poland, the point of the Parliament was not that a ruling be consistent with all regulations of Polish law, but only that there be consistency with the fundamental principles of the legal system of the Republic of Poland.

8. The principle of the enforceability of contracts belongs to the group of fundamental principles of the Polish legal system. It is not absolute in nature, however, and is subject to a number of statutory exceptions. One of them is Civil Code Art. 5, setting forth the notion of abuse of a subjective right.

9. The principle of estoppel (venire contra factum proprium) and the clean-hands doctrine are not counted among the fundamental principles of arbitration court procedure and are not recognized as a part of the legal system of the Republic of Poland.

10. The rule of impartiality leads the arbitrators to maintain an impartial attitude toward the case and the participants in the proceeding. In turn, the formal equality of the parties is manifest in the right to be heard and equal procedural measures. The principle of equality in the proceeding before the arbitration court has two aspects: hearing out the parties by the arbitration court, and the opportunity to present their allegations and evidence to support them (the opportunity to use the same procedural measures). The principle of directness requires that evidence be taken before the full panel of the arbitration court.

11. If no injury was caused, awarding damages should be regarded as inconsistent with the fundamental principles of the legal system of the Republic of Poland.

Data wydania: 25-05-2011 | Sygnatura: IX GC 704/10

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20376

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 30 September 2010 Case No. I CSK 342/10

1. In a petition to set aside an arbitration award, review of the merits of the case decided by the arbitration court is excluded.

2. Fundamental principles of the legal order should be understood to mean not only fundamental principles of the social and political system, reflected in constitutional principles, but also the overriding principles governing specific fields of law. … Examples that have been held to be violations of the fundamental principles of the legal order within the meaning of Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 §2(2) include violation of the principle of the autonomy of civil-law entities and the principle of economic liberty, awarding damages where no injury has been suffered, or accepting the effectiveness of setoff under conditions in which specific regulations exclude such possibility.

Data wydania: 30-09-2010 | Sygnatura: I CSK 342/10

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20363

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 9 September 2010 Case No. I CSK 535/09

1. A petition to set aside an arbitration award is an extraordinary means of review intended to set aside the award if at least one of the grounds exhaustively set forth in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 is justified.

2. When considering a petition [to set aside an arbitration award], the state court is bound by the grounds alleged by the petitioner. Only two of the grounds set forth in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 §2 are considered on the court’s motion: the non-arbitrability if the dispute and inconsistency of the arbitration award with the fundamental principles of the legal order of the Republic of Poland.

3. The assessment of whether an arbitration award is contrary to fundamental principles of the legal order is addressed to the content of the award, and not the correctness of the procedure before the arbitration court or the composition of the panel. … An arbitration award may be set aside under the public policy clause if it is found that the results included in the content of the award are not consistent with a specific norm which is regarded as one of the fundamental principles of the legal order in force in Poland. ... These principles include not only constitutional norms, but also the overriding norms in specific fields of law.

4. The requirements made of persons serving as arbitrators should be combined with a party’s right to learn about any ties the arbitrator may have to entities appearing in the proceeding. It is up to the party to evaluate such circumstances as grounds for a decision to select an arbitrator or to seek removal of an arbitrator. The arbitrator’s self-assessment is irrelevant, because the essence of a fair procedure is tied to objective judgment by others. ... The fundamental principles of the legal order include the right to a court as provided in Art. 45(1) of the Polish Constitution, an element of which is a party’s right to have its case heard by an independent court, in a fairly conducted procedure.

Data wydania: 09-09-2010 | Sygnatura: I CSK 535/09

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20331

Polish Supreme Court order dated 6 November 2009 Case No. I CSK 159/09

1. Whether a given ruling of a foreign court may be legally relevant cannot be determined in advance at the time of recognition. Thus it cannot be anticipated what effects the ruling might have or in what circumstances a given entity might rely on it in the future. Thus the petitioner is right in asserting that Civil Procedure Code Art. 1145 §1 does not provide grounds to refuse recognition of a ruling by a foreign court only because in the view of the court where recognition is sought it will not exert legal effects in Poland.

2. If the petitioner [seeking recognition] appeared as a party in a proceeding before an Austrian court, it not only has a legal interest to have standing in the recognition proceeding before the Polish court, but such interest also means that if the grounds set forth in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1146 do not exist, it may obtain recognition of the award as effective in Poland.

3. A ruling denying a petition to set aside an arbitration award, formally speaking, is a merits decision and not only procedural. Such rulings thus, as a rule, are capable of recognition. It should be pointed out, however, that the dispute between the parties on the merits was resolved by the arbitration court, acting on the basis of the intent of the parties as expressed in the arbitration clause. The judgment in a proceeding to set aside an arbitration award is therefore only a resolution with respect to the state’s exercise of oversight of arbitration rulings.

4. A judgment by a domestic court issued in a proceeding upon a petition to set aside an arbitration award must be taken into consideration in a proceeding seeking recognition of a foreign arbitration award only when permitted by the provisions governing such proceeding. As grounds for denial of recognition, the Civil Procedure Code and the New York Convention provide only for the court in the country deciding on recognition of a foreign arbitration award to consider, upon motion of a party, a judgment setting aside the arbitration award.

5. Given the specific nature of an arbitration award, which is issued based on the intent of the parties, and the function performed by a foreign court that denies a petition to set aside an arbitration award, there is no legal basis for recognition of such judgment by the foreign court, which essentially involves only oversight and not the merits. The connection between such judgment by a foreign court and the arbitration award, and thus the not entirely independent nature of the judgment, is primarily a barrier to treating the judgment as a ruling that may be recognized in Poland under Civil Procedure Code Art. 1145 §1.

Data wydania: 06-11-2009 | Sygnatura: I CSK 159/09

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20298

Warsaw Appellate Court judgment dated 14 January 2009 Case No. VI ACa 785/08

1. Violation by the arbitration court of regulations of substantive law or erroneous interpretation thereof, even if resulting in an erroneous ruling, does not in itself—even if it really did occur—constitute a violation of the fundamental principles of the legal system.

2. Civil Procedure Code Art. 1185 indicates that the consultation among the arbitrators may occur at any place (and thus even in a hospital).

3. Drawing up and signing the award is not an act that requires the preparation of minutes. As provided in §31 of the Rules [of the Court of Arbitration at the Polish Chamber of Commerce], minutes are prepared of a hearing and any act of the arbitration court. The mere physical drawing up of the text of the award is not an act of the arbitration court; it is a technical, auxiliary act, which may be performed by only one person at a time. Signing of the award, which is an act addressed to the members of the panel of arbitrators, should be analyzed similarly. Placement of a signature by each of the arbitrators is the act of the arbitrator alone, not of the panel of arbitrators. It thus does not require the preparation of minutes, which is reserved for an act of the entire arbitration court.

4. Only a violation of the “fundamental” rules of procedure before the arbitration court (Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 §1(4)) may be grounds for setting aside an arbitration award. … Issues connected with drawing up the minutes of the consultation among the arbitrators and issuance of the award cannot be regarded as belonging to this group. Even if minutes of these actions actually should have been prepared, the lack thereof would not mean that a “fundamental” rule of procedure had been violated, but only a rule of order.

Data wydania: 14-01-2009 | Sygnatura: VI ACa 785/08

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20348

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 26 November 2008 Case No. III CSK 163/08

1. [When the state court has set aside an arbitration award] it is necessary for the claimant to file a new claim before a new arbitration court, or at least a written declaration of assertion before such arbitration court of the claims in the previous scope or as amended. From such time (or, currently, from the date of service of such document on the opposing party, Civil Procedure Code Art. 1186), a new proceeding is commenced before the arbitration court which is not a continuation of the previous proceeding that resulted in the arbitration award that was set aside.

2. The petition to set aside the arbitration award ... dated 16 December 2006, filed under the new regulations, commenced a case before the state court to set aside the arbitration award, and under the rule set forth in Art. 2 of the amending act [Act dated 28 July 2005 Amending the Civil Procedure Code (Journal of Laws Dz.U. No. 178 item 1478)] it was conducted in accordance with the new regulations. This means that the petitioner should base it in procedural respects on the new regulations for such procedure provided in Part Five, Title VII of the Civil Procedure Code; however, because the subject of the petition is the award and the proceeding before the arbitration court conducted in accordance with the former regulations, on substantive legal grounds the petition may rely only on the former rules, because the arbitration court was required to apply those rules and not the new ones. The grounds for the petition should thus be based on the former regulations.

3. In light of the circumstances of conclusion of the agreement, its purpose, and the statements by the attorneys before the arbitration court ... and failure for nearly five years to assert the lack of an arbitration clause, the intent of the parties ... was, as correctly found by the courts of both instances, to submit disputes arising under the agreement to the arbitration court for resolution, and not only mediation. … This position ... does not lead to validation of the lack of an arbitration clause by the behaviour of the parties before the arbitration court and the state courts or to avoidance of the requirement for written form of an arbitration clause, but constitutes only an interpretation of the declarations of will of the parties concerning an unclear arbitration clause expressed in written form and made ... in accordance with the requirements of Civil Code Art. 65.

4. An arbitration court is not a “court” or “other state body or body of the public administration” within the meaning of Civil Procedure Code Art. 365 §1, nor is there another “instance provided by statute” in which an arbitration court is bound by the award by another arbitration court, even concerning the same parties and the same claims.

5. An arbitration award, insofar as it denies a petition in some part with legal finality, does not have res judicata effect within the meaning of Civil Procedure Code Art. 365.

Data wydania: 26-11-2008 | Sygnatura: III CSK 163/08

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 20256

Warsaw Appellate Court judgment dated 25 April 2008 Case No. VI ACa 928/07

1. The schedule of fees for actions of the arbitration court constituting an annex to the rules of the court in force from 1 January 2000, which does not require payment of an arbitration fee on a defence of setoff, was applicable to the case decided by the arbitration court. … As the arbitration court failed to consider the defence of setoff because of failure to pay the arbitration fee, the allegation in the appeal that the procedure before the arbitration court was not observed in the arbitration proceeding is correct. … In consequence, it should be held that the petition to set aside the arbitration award on the basis of Civil Procedure Code Art. 712 §1(3) is justified by the wording of this provision.

2. Submission of the dispute existing between the parties for resolution by the arbitration court does not justify the conclusion that the parties waive the right to a fair and thorough procedure assuring the ability to satisfy the legal interests of the parties which are worthy of protection. The right to a fair procedure is a pillar of a democratic state governed by the rule of law, and for these reasons violation of such right justifies the conclusion that the rule of law was violated. This will be the case more specifically in the event of failure to consider the defence of setoff asserted by the party as a result of the arbitration court’s application of a regulation that was not in force with respect to payment of a fee as a condition for consideration of the motion. The principle of fair procedure requires consideration of the defence of setoff duly asserted by the respondent.

Data wydania: 25-04-2008 | Sygnatura: VI ACa 928/07

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20347

Supreme Court order dated 17 May 2006 Case No. I CSK 104/05

1. The constitutive elements of an arbitration award are defined by Civil Procedure Code Art. 708 §1, which is a regulation of mandatory applicability. One of these elements is a resolution of the demands of the parties (Art. 708 §1(4)). Thus it should be accepted that any ruling by the arbitration court containing the indicated elements, including a resolution of the demands of the parties, constitutes an arbitration award within the meaning of Book Three of the Civil Procedure Code, regardless of the form given to the ruling by the arbitration court.

2. In its case law, the Supreme Court has stressed on numerous occasions that the type of appellate instrument must be determined by the subject of the resolution, and not the form which the court gave to the ruling. ... This view applies also to rulings by an arbitration court.

Data wydania: 17-05-2006 | Sygnatura: I CSK 104/05

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20225

Supreme Court judgment dated 31 March 2006 Case No. IV CSK 93/05

1. The defectiveness of an arbitration award in violating the rule of law must appear from the very wording of the ruling, and not from violation of regulations concerning proceedings before such court. Procedural violations might justify only some other ground for setting aside the arbitration award.

2. The minimum requirements that must be met by the justification for an arbitration award are set forth in Civil Procedure Code Art. 708 §1(5). If the grounds by which the arbitration court was guided when ruling on the demands of the parties may be deduced from the justification, that is sufficient for these requirements to be deemed to be satisfied.

3. The view cannot be accepted ... that the duty to conduct a thorough investigation of the circumstances necessary to resolve the case (Civil Procedure Code Art. 705 §2, third sentence) is performed by assessing the allegations of the parties and indicating why some of them are found to be valid and others not. Such assessment is made at the stage of making the ruling, and is expressed in the justification for the ruling made. Investigation of the circumstances that are relevant (essential) to the case occurs at an earlier phase of the proceeding and consists of hearing the parties, permitting them to submit statements with respect to the motions and allegations of the opposing party and the result of the evidentiary proceedings, and finally receiving evidence necessary to illuminate the circumstances essential to resolve the case.

Data wydania: 31-03-2006 | Sygnatura: IV CSK 93/05

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20221

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 6 December 2005 Case No. I CK 324/05

Refusal to sign an award, which is contrary to the assumptions of the procedure before the arbitration court and may, for example, result in liability to the parties for loss, should be stated expressly and not done in an implicit manner.

Data wydania: 06-12-2005 | Sygnatura: I CK 324/05

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 20219

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 26 September 2003 Case No. IV CK 17/02

A finding that an award is inconsistent with the facts does not always result in setting aside the award. It is accepted that an application alleging violation of the rule of law is justified when the effect of an arbitration award conflicts with fundamental principles of the legal order of the state.

Data wydania: 26-09-2003 | Sygnatura: IV CK 17/02

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20199

Cracow Appellate Court judgment dated 24 April 2001 Case No. I ACa 277/01

1. Pursuant to Civil Procedure Code Art. 712 §1(4), an arbitration award may be set aside if the ruling on the demands of the parties violates the rule of law or principles of social coexistence. This provision enacts a general clause representing the principle of domestic public policy. This means that violation or incorrect interpretation of substantive law, and the resulting defect of the ruling, in and of itself does not constitute a violation of the rule of law. A violation of substantive law must be such that it would result in issuance of a ruling that would by its content violate fundamental principles of the rule of law, particularly situations where a ruling is issued using an institution that is impermissible by operation of law.

2. Incorrect interpretation of substantive law and other violations not rising to such level cannot lead to a finding that the grounds for the petition set forth in Civil Procedure Code Art. 712 §1(4) have been met.

Data wydania: 24-04-2001 | Sygnatura: I ACa 277/01

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20281

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 3 June 1987 Case No. I CR 120/87

1. A petition to set aside an arbitration award is not ... an appeal, but a procedural measure with a nature similar to a petition to reopen a proceeding.

2. The statement in the second sentence of Civil Procedure Code Art. 705 §2 that an arbitration court is not bound by civil procedure regulations does not refer to mandatorily applicable regulations set forth in Book Three of the code. Civil Procedure Code Art. 712–715, which have this character, apply in every arbitration proceeding. The lack of any indication to this effect in the rules defining the procedure before the arbitration court therefore does not exclude the permissibility of filing a petition with the state court to set aside an award issued by a permanent arbitration court (Civil Procedure Code Art. 695).

Data wydania: 03-06-1987 | Sygnatura: I CR 120/87

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20133

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 29 October 1949 Case No. Wa C 105/49

An arbitration award issued during the German occupation pursuant to an arbitration clause concluded by the parties despite the non-existence of a dispute between them but only in order to ascribe the legal form to an agreement which according to Polish law requires the form of a public document does not violate public policy.

Data wydania: 29-10-1949 | Sygnatura: Wa C 105/49

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 20087

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 6 March 1939 Case No. C II 1888/38

The fact that an execution clause has not been affixed to an arbitration award in accordance with Civil Procedure Code Art. 594(2) and Execution Ordinance §54(3) has only the negative consequence that the plaintiffs may not enforce their claim by way of execution before obtaining such clause, due to the lack of a writ of enforcement (Civil Procedure Code Art. 540), but this does not affect the fact that the claim adjudged by such award remains due and payable, or the right to setoff, which is based on the Obligations Code rather than the [Civil Procedure] Code provisions concerning judicial execution proceedings.

Data wydania: 06-03-1939 | Sygnatura: C II 1888/38

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 20079

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 2 November 1938 Case No. C II 280/38

1. Civil Procedure Code Art. 150, which permits service at night only upon prior order by the director of the court, does not apply to arbitration procedure, where the general regulation of Civil Procedure Code Art. 500 §1 provides only that the arbitration court shall serve copies of the award on the parties, against written proof of service, but does not prescribe the manner of service.

2. Obligations Code Art. 82 permits an agreement to pay a specific sum of money in the event of failure to perform an obligation, and thus the arbitration court did not violate public policy by ruling on a monetary penalty....

3. The allegation that the arbitration award does not explain the grounds for monetary obligations is unjustified, because the parties released the arbitration court from the duty to provide a justification for the award.

Data wydania: 02-11-1938 | Sygnatura: C II 280/38

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20077

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 13 December 1937 Case No. C III 1626/37

1. If the parties have not specified the procedure, the arbitration court shall specify the procedure in its own discretion. In this respect, the arbitration court is not subject to any restrictions other than those set forth in the act ([Civil Procedure Code] Art. 503 §1(3)), i.e. in the regulations concerning procedure before the arbitration court (Art. 497–502). These regulations do not require the arbitration court to specify its procedure in writing, nor do they prohibit the arbitration court from changing the procedure it has adopted for another procedure, and, finally, they do not prohibit the arbitration court from departing in certain instances from the procedure it has previously specified.

2. The place of issuance of an award is the place identified by the arbitration court in the award. Stating as this place the place in which the award was handed down within the meaning of [Civil Procedure Code] Art. 497 is recommended; however, so long as the arbitration court is not bound by the procedure specified by the parties themselves (Art. 494 §1), it may determine in its own discretion which place to identify in the award as the place of issuance of the award, so long as it is not contrary to the rule set forth in Art. 497. Such a decision by the arbitration court may fall within the scope of specifying the procedure.

3. The regulations in the act concerning procedure before the arbitration court ([Civil Procedure Code] Art. 494–502) do not contain provisions on announcement of the award, and it may thus be issued without announcement. Nor does the act tie any consequences to announcement of the award, which it does not provide for announcement of at all. Consequences are, however, tied to service of copies of the award, as specified in Art. 500 §1, and under Art. 504 §1 a petition to set aside an arbitration award must be filed within one month after service of the award. The date of issuance of an award is therefore not the date of its announcement.

4. The very act of issuance of an award by the arbitration court is not identical with signing of the written formulation of the resolution of the relief sought by the parties and the reasons for the resolution. Both the literal wording and the substance of the provisions set forth in [Civil Procedure Code] Art. 498 and 499 lead to the conclusion that the time of issuance of an award is the time when the arbitration court took a final decision on what the resolution of the relief sought by the parties would be, and for what reasons, and when to this end the award was handed down within the meaning of Art. 497. The award is not yet in force, but enters into force only when it is made in writing, contains all the information required by Art. 498, and is signed by the arbitrators in the manner provided in Art. 499; nonetheless, the award already exists, it has already been “handed down” and thus was “issued.”

Data wydania: 13-12-1937 | Sygnatura: C III 1626/37

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 20069

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 29 November 1937 Case No. C II 1252/37

1. Civil Procedure Code Art. 503 §1 is limited to an enumeration of the grounds for setting aside an arbitration award, while Art. 505 requires the regulations concerning a proceeding initiated by a statement of claim to be applied in a proceeding upon a petition to set aside an arbitration award. It follows from this that Civil Procedure Code Art. 408 §2 and Art. 437 concerning partial setting aside of a judgment are also applicable to arbitration awards.

2. The substance of the arbitration award determines whether in the given instance it may be set aside in part and to what extent, obviously within the bounds of Civil Procedure Code Art. 503 §1. Partial setting aside of an award will not be permissible if the specific parts of the award are interconnected in such a way that none of them may be removed from the others without materially deforming the whole. If, however, the arbitration court exceeded the bounds of the arbitration clause (Civil Procedure Code Art. 503 §1(4)), and the ruling in this regard may without harm be separated from the rest of the award, there is no barrier preventing partial setting aside of the award.

3. The parties could supplement the arbitration clause during the hearing before the arbitration court, but because of the requirement for written form of the clause (Civil Procedure Code Art. 480 §2), such supplementation would also have to be made in that form, and thus in the minutes signed by the parties.

4. The state court is competent to consider only formal grounds for setting aside an arbitration award, except that it will also consider in substantive terms whether the award violates public policy or good practice (Civil Procedure Code Art. 503 §1(4)).

5. Waiver of the right to challenge the award would have to be express in order to be effective, and the plaintiff’s statement that it accepts the award does not satisfy this requirement, and in any event was made to the arbitration court and not to the defendant.

Data wydania: 29-11-1937 | Sygnatura: C II 1252/37

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20070

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 23 April 1936 Case No. C II 110/36

Under Civil Procedure Code Art. 501 §2 and Art. 502, an arbitration award has the weight of a judicial ruling and is equivalent to a state court judgment. Because pursuant to Art. 82 §2 of the Notaries Law judicial rulings effectively take the place of the form of a notarial deed, the arbitration award is thus valid and effective despite the absence of the form of a notarial deed, and does not violate public policy, because it was issued in compliance with applicable regulations of law.

Data wydania: 23-04-1936 | Sygnatura: C II 110/36

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 20060

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 22 October 1935 Case No. C II 984/35

1. Civil Procedure Code Art. 503 provides for the ability to set aside an arbitration award only in exceptional circumstances, and such provisions are subject to strict rather than expansive interpretation. As a result, in case of doubt, the award should be maintained in force rather than set aside.

2. It follows from the concept of “resolution” that an award by an arbitration court should be of a type that definitively ends the dispute, and from which it will be apparent in what manner the dispute was resolved, so that any doubts or potential further disputes in this respect are excluded.

Data wydania: 22-10-1935 | Sygnatura: C II 984/35

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20056

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 4 October 1934 Case No. C II 1861/34

1. From the perspective of Austrian civil procedure regulations, failure to submit the original arbitration clause to the arbitration court does not justify ineffectiveness of the arbitration award, as this result follows under § 595(1) of the [former Austrian] Civil Procedure Code only from lack of an arbitration clause.

2. The state court is not a higher instance with respect to the arbitration court, and thus determinations made by the arbitration court within its discretion may not be appealed against.

3. The lack of justification of an arbitration award is not included in § 595 of the [former Austrian] Civil Procedure Code as grounds for ineffectiveness of the arbitration award.

Data wydania: 04-10-1934 | Sygnatura: C II 1861/34

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20046

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 27 October 1933 Case No. I C 1947/32

The finding ... that the parties entered into an arbitration clause and obtained an arbitration award with the intention of circumventing regulations of law imposing requirements for transfer of ownership is sufficient grounds to refuse to issue a writ of enforcement (Zw. Pr. Vol. X, Part 1, Art. 1528).

Data wydania: 27-10-1933 | Sygnatura: I C 1947/32

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 20297

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 6 October 1933 Case No. C I 1157/33

If the parties do not appear at the time set for announcement of the arbitration award, or if the award was not announced to the parties, the award is deemed to be announced on the last day of the period set for issuance of the award.

Data wydania: 06-10-1933 | Sygnatura: C I 1157/33

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20039

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 31 August 1933 Case No. C I 2776/32

Lack of a signature on the award by an arbitrator who has been outvoted cannot be grounds for invalidating the arbitration award.

Data wydania: 31-08-1933 | Sygnatura: C I 2776/32

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration award

id: 20037

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 19 December 1931 Case No. III 1 Rw 1925/30

1. An arbitrator may not be ordered to sign the arbitration award by resort to the courts. Such a procedure is not provided for by the civil procedure code, which in a separate chapter governs the entire proceeding before the arbitration court. It only imposes an obligation on an arbitrator who fails to perform the duties connected with accepting the role of an arbitrator to redress the loss caused by such failure.

2. Signing of the arbitration award that has been handed down is the same obligation as the obligation to issue an award, as the signature is an essential requirement for the effectiveness of the arbitration award.

Data wydania: 19-12-1931 | Sygnatura: III 1 Rw 1925/30

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration award

id: 20305

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 9 September 1931 Case No. Rw 765/31

An arbitration clause signed for a joint-stock company by only one commercial proxy is invalid if a signature for the company by a single person is not provided for in the commercial register.

Data wydania: 09-12-1931 | Sygnatura: Rw 765/31

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration award

id: 20029

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 11 August 1931 Case No. III 1 Rw 970/31

What is relevant for the content of an arbitration award is only the wording of the award, not the intent of particular arbitrators.

Data wydania: 11-08-1931 | Sygnatura: III 1 Rw 970/31

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 20028

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 6 May 1931 Case No. III 1 Rw 392/31

An arbitration award may be effective only for or against a person who in a written document has submitted a disputed right or disputed legal relationship to determination by the arbitration court.

Data wydania: 06-05-1931 | Sygnatura: III 1 Rw 392/31

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration award

id: 20026

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 13 March 1931 Case No. I C 2357/30

The date of issuance of the award by the arbitration court should be stated in the award itself. A subsequent declaration by the arbitrators, even though made in writing, is of no legal significance because the functions of the arbitration court cease entirely upon issuance of the award (Art. 1394 of the [former Russian] Civil Procedure Code). Nor is it permissible to admit the testimony of witnesses in order to determine the date of the arbitration award. The infraction committed by the arbitration court in omitting the date does not invalidate the award if the award was filed with the state court prior to the end of the period in which the award was supposed to made and it is confirmed through this procedure that the deadline was not missed.

Data wydania: 13-03-1931 | Sygnatura: I C 2357/30

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 20025

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 4 February 1931 Case No. III 1 Rw 1994/30

A clause providing for a panel composed of two arbitrators in the event that one of the arbitrators refuses to take part in the hearing and issuance of the award is legally possible and effective, but in that case the two arbitrators would have to conduct the hearing and issue the award. Then, without a doubt, only the two arbitrators holding sessions and deciding the case would be required to sign the arbitration award (§592 of the [former Austrian] Civil Procedure Code).

Data wydania: 04-02-1931 | Sygnatura: III 1 Rw 1994/30

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 20310

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 30 May 1930 Case No. III 1 Rw 2368/29

1. The Supreme Court does not share the legal view that because of dispatch and service of a copy of the arbitration award on the plaintiff after 10 May 1927, the award in question should be regarded as not having been issued during the period specified in the submission to arbitration, and thus invalid. Because the award was adopted by all three arbitrators and signed by them prior to 10 May 1927, the award must be regarded as issued on time, regardless of when it was served on the parties.

2. The award in question is invalid because the plaintiff was not heard by all three arbitrators prior to resolution of the case covered by the submission to arbitration.

Data wydania: 30-05-1930 | Sygnatura: III 1 Rw 2368/29

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 20311

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 5 July 1929 Case No. III. 2. C. 222/29

1. It cannot be assumed that the parties, when not only certain of their rights and obligations arising out of the legal act in question are challenged, but the legal act as such, did not intend to make use of the assistance of the arbitration court. Therefore, despite the invalidity (not to mention the ineffectiveness) of the deed itself, the arbitration clause, only mechanically connected to the deed, remains in force.

2. Unless otherwise provided by the parties, the arbitration court is not bound by procedural regulations, particularly the provisions of the [former German] Civil Procedure Code, when hearing the case submitted to it.

3. An arbitration award must set forth the reasons; that is, it must contain an objective justification for the operative wording of the award issued. Whether such justification is accurate, exhaustive or consistent with the state of facts cannot be reviewed by the common court under §1041 of the [former German] Civil Procedure Code, because it is not an appellate instance with respect to the arbitration court.

Data wydania: 05-07-1929 | Sygnatura: III. 2. C. 222/29

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 20018

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 13 November 1928 Case No. III Rw 1956/28

1. While the arbitration court is not bound in its procedure by civil procedure regulations ([former Austrian] Civil Procedure Code § 587), nonetheless the bounds of the task of the arbitration court must be designated (see [former Austrian] Civil Procedure Code § 595(5)).

 2. In the absence of the defendant (in an arbitration court) the relief sought may not be amended and arbitrarily determined relief granted against the defendant without notice to the defendant. … Such procedure violates the mandatorily applicable rule of [former Austrian] Civil Procedure Code § 587 of the necessity to hear out the parties or give them at least the opportunity of a defence, and renders the arbitration award ineffective ([former Austrian] Civil Procedure Code § 595 (2) and (5)).

Data wydania: 13-11-1928 | Sygnatura: III Rw 1956/28

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 20013

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 16 October 1928 Case No. III R 612/28

In order for the court to permit execution, evidence must be presented to the court that an arbitration award constituting a writ of enforcement was issued by a properly appointed arbitration court, and such evidence is presented by the submission to arbitration, constituting in the given instance an integral part of the writ of enforcement.

Data wydania: 16-10-1928 | Sygnatura: III R 612/28

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration award

id: 20012

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 18 May 1927 Case No. C 90/26

1. An arbitration court is not a state institution, but operates on the basis of an agreement by the parties ([former Russian] Civil Procedure Code Art. 1367), and thus the regulations on the official language, in force in state offices, do not apply there.

2. For an award written by the arbitration court in a foreign language, in order to obtain a writ of enforcement, which must be issued only in Polish, it is necessary to submit a duly certified translation, which will serve as the basis for the judicial actions connected with issuance of a writ of enforcement and enforcement of the award.

Data wydania: 18-05-1927 | Sygnatura: C 90/26

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 20007

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 30 December 1926 Case No. I C 2009/24

1. A finding by the courts of two instances that an arbitration award is unenforceable is essentially a consequence of the judicially confirmed invalidity of the award, depriving it of force and effect.

2. The objective invalidity [of the arbitration award] could occur only if the scope of authority of the arbitration court was not specified at all or was extended generally, without closer description, to any and all disputes between the parties.

Data wydania: 30-12-1926 | Sygnatura: I C 2009/24

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 20005

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 13 November 1923 Case No. Rw 510/23

An arbitration award may be served on a party who has departed to a place unknown after issuance of the award, via a guardian for an absent person, appointed by the court for this purpose.

Data wydania: 13-11-1923 | Sygnatura: Rw 510/23

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 20304

Polish Supreme Court ruling dated 14 August 1923 Case No. Rw 2287/22

Because it was found that the petitioner had not signed the arbitration clause, through placement of her signature or her mark, it was correctly ruled that the arbitration award issued on the basis of such clause was ineffective, and with respect to both petitioners; from the nature of the legal relationship which was to be determined by the arbitration award, there is an apparent uniformity of interest for both of the petitioners.

Data wydania: 14-08-1923 | Sygnatura: Rw 2287/22

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration award

id: 20302

Allerhand Maurycy

Arbitration in the Transition Period [Original title: Sąd polubowny w okresie przejściowym]

Głos Prawa 1933, No. 4, p. 188-201

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration agreement, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 30033

Allerhand Maurycy

Commentary on the Judgement of the Third Chamber of the Supreme Court dated 5 May 1926. Rw 398/26 (regarding Signing of the Arbitration Award) [Original title: Glosa do wyroku izby trzeciej sądu najwyższego z 5 maja 1926. Rw 398/26 (dot. podpisu wyroku sądu polubownego)]

OSP 1926 (vol. 5), item 303, p. 309

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 30588

Allerhand Maurycy

Commentary on the Ruling of the Third Chamber of the Supreme Court dated 14 August 1923, Rw. 2287/22 (re: the Arbitration Clause not Being Signed by a Party) [Original title: Glosa do orzeczenia izby trzeciej sądu najwyższego z 14 sierpnia 1923, Rw. 2287/22 (dot. braku podpisu klauzuli arbitrażowej przez stronę)]

OSP 1924 (vol. 3), item 14, p. 11

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 30585

Arkuszewska Aneta M.

Computerization of arbitration proceedings [Original title: Informatyzacja postępowania arbitrażowego]

Warsaw 2019, pp. 620

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, settlement before arbitral tribunal, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32095

Arkuszewska Aneta M.

Computerization of arbitration proceedings [Original title: Informatyzacja postępowania arbitrażowego]

Warsaw 2019, pp. 620

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, settlement before arbitral tribunal, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32095

Arkuszewska Aneta M.

Rectification of Arbitration Awards [Original title: Rektyfikacja orzeczeń sądu arbitrażowego]

[in:] J. Olszewski, B. Fuchs (eds.), Arbitration. Between Theory and Practice [Arbitraż. Między teorią a praktyką], Rzeszów 2014, p. 55-63

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 31384

Świrgoń-Skok Renata, Arkuszewska Aneta

Relationship between alternative dispute resolution methods and effectiveness of legal protection [Original title: Wpływ alternatywnych sposobów rozwiązywania sporów na efektywność ochrony prawnej]

ZNKUL 2017, No. 3, p. 243-259

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32089

Świrgoń-Skok Renata, Arkuszewska Aneta

Relationship between alternative dispute resolution methods and effectiveness of legal protection [Original title: Wpływ alternatywnych sposobów rozwiązywania sporów na efektywność ochrony prawnej]

ZNKUL 2017, No. 3, p. 243-259

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32089

Artwich Armen

Application of the Delocalisation Theory in Current International Commercial Arbitration Practice

Prz.Prawn.UW 2010, No. 1-2, p. 130-143

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 30932

Balbiano di Colcavagno Pietro

Setting Aside and Refusing the Recognition and Enforcement of the Awards in Italy: Grounds and Procedural Issues [Original title: Uchylenie oraz odmowa uznania i stwierdzenia wykonalności wyroku arbitrażowego we Włoszech - przesłanki i kwestie procesowe]

Arbitration e-Review 2014, No. 1-2, p. 51-60

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31281

Bareła Monika

Judicial Review of Arbitration Proceedings in Light of International Practice [Original title: Sądowa kontrola postępowania arbitrażowego z perspektywy doświadczeń międzynarodowych]

Stud.Prawn. 2013, No. 1, p. 35-67

Key issues: New York Convention, investment arbitration, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31189

Bartz Antoni Władysław

Can the Term for Issuing an Award be Extended on the Basis of a Simple Declaration of the Parties in the Minutes from the Session of the Arbitration Court? [Original title: Czy termin do wydania wyroku przez sąd polubowny może być przedłużony na podstawie prostego oświadczenia stron protokółu posiedzenia tegoż sądu?]

PPC 1937, No. 9-10, p. 306

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 30037

Pörnbacher Karl, Baur Sebastian

The New French Arbitration Law, the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules and IBA Rules on the Taking of Evidence in International Arbitration

Biul. Arb. 2010-2011, No. 4, p. 52-64

Key issues: general works, state court assistance, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 30992

Bělohlávek Alexander J.

Characteristics of Arbitral Awards and Legal Aspects of Falsification Thereof

[in:] B. Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz (ed.), The Challenges and the Future of Commercial and Investment Arbitration. Liber Amicorum Professor Jerzy Rajski, Warsaw 2015, p. 272-291

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 31415

Błaszczak Łukasz

Arbitration Award in Civil Proceedings [Original title: Wyrok sądu polubownego w postępowaniu cywilnym]

Warszawa 2010, pp. 505

Key issues: settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 30886

Błaszczak Łukasz

Lex Mercatoria, Rules of Law and Rules of Equity as Grounds of Adjudication by an Arbitration Court [Original title: Lex mercatoria, zasady prawa oraz zasady słuszności jako podstawy orzekania przez sąd arbitrażowy]

Arbitration e-Review 2011, No. 1, p. 11-24

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 30970

Błaszczak Łukasz

Proceedings Before an Arbitral Tribunal. Arbitral Award

[in:] Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata (ed.), Polish arbitration law, Wrocław 2014, p. 313-440

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 31450

Błaszczak Łukasz

Proceedings Before an Arbitral Tribunal. Arbitral Award [Original title: Postępowanie przed sądem polubownym. Wyrok.]

[in:] Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata (ed.), Diagnosis for Arbitration. Functioning of Arbitration Law and the Directions of Postulated Changes [Diagnoza arbitrażu. Funkcjonowanie prawa o arbitrażu i kierunki postulowanych zmian], Wrocław 2014, p. 284-401

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 31457

Błaszczak Łukasz, Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata, Sikorski Rafał, Zachariasiewicz Maciej, Zawiślak Karol, Żmij Grzegorz

White Book. Proposed legislative changes aimed at improving the legal framework of arbitration in Poland [Original title: Biała Księga. Propozycje zmian legislacyjnych mających na celu ulepszenie ram prawnych sądownictwa polubownego w Polsce]

Warsaw - Katowice - Kraków - Wrocław - Poznań 2014, pp. 80

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitration agreement, arbitration award, arbitration procedure, arbitrator, costs of arbitration, general works, interim measures, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, New York Convention, petition to set aside arbitration award, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration agreement, arbitration award, arbitration procedure, arbitrator, costs of arbitration, general works, interim measures, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, New York Convention, petition to set aside arbitration award, settlement before arbitral tribunal

id: 32149

Błaszczak Łukasz, Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata, Sikorski Rafał, Zachariasiewicz Maciej, Zawiślak Karol, Żmij Grzegorz

White Book. Proposed legislative changes aimed at improving the legal framework of arbitration in Poland [Original title: Biała Księga. Propozycje zmian legislacyjnych mających na celu ulepszenie ram prawnych sądownictwa polubownego w Polsce]

Warsaw - Katowice - Kraków - Wrocław - Poznań 2014, pp. 80

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitration agreement, arbitration award, arbitration procedure, arbitrator, costs of arbitration, general works, interim measures, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, New York Convention, petition to set aside arbitration award, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration agreement, arbitration award, arbitration procedure, arbitrator, costs of arbitration, general works, interim measures, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, New York Convention, petition to set aside arbitration award, settlement before arbitral tribunal

id: 32149

Dunin-Wąsowicz Jan K., Boykin James H.

Judicial Review of Arbitral Awards in the United States - the Uncertain Future of "Manifest Disregard of the Law" [Original title: Sądowa kontrola wyroków arbitrażowych w Stanach Zjednoczonych - niepewna przyszłość doktryny „rażącego naruszenia prawa”]

Arbitration e-Review 2014, No. 1-2, p. 42-50

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31280

Bruner Philip L.

Why Arbitrate? [Dlaczego arbitraż?]

Arbitration e-Review 2012, No. 1, p. 6-12

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 31168

Całus Andrzej, Pazdan Maksymilian, Sołtysiński Stanisław, Wardyński Tomasz, Włodyka Stanisław, Okolski Józef

A Commemorative Volume for 60 years of the Court of Arbitration at the Polish Chamber of Commerce in Warsaw [Original title: Księga pamiątkowa 60-lecia Sądu Arbitrażowego przy Krajowej Izbie Gospodarczej w Warszawie]

Warszawa 2010, pp. 887

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration award, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, general works, investment arbitration, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, New York Convention, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, settlement before arbitral tribunal, state court assistance

id: 30952

Carpentieri Leonardo

Arbitration in France – Some New Trends

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2015, No. 1, p. 13-24

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31374

Chyla Łukasz

Legal Effects of Prejudical Awards in Arbitral Proceedings

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2018, No. 2, p. 25-36

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31956

Chyla Łukasz

Legal Effects of Prejudical Awards in Arbitral Proceedings

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2018, No. 2, p. 25-36

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31956

Chyla Łukasz

Legal effects of prejudicial awards in arbitral proceedings [Original title: Problem prejudycjalnego związania sądu polubownego wyrokami sądów powszechnych i polubownych]

Studenckie Prace Prawnicze, Administratywistyczne i Ekonomiczne 2017, Vol. 21, p. 61-78

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 32037

Chyla Łukasz

Legal effects of prejudicial awards in arbitral proceedings [Original title: Problem prejudycjalnego związania sądu polubownego wyrokami sądów powszechnych i polubownych]

Studenckie Prace Prawnicze, Administratywistyczne i Ekonomiczne 2017, Vol. 21, p. 61-78

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 32037

Ciaptacz Jan

role of the State in the International Commercial Arbitration – the System of Judicial Control of Arbitrational Tribunals Sentences in the Legal System of People’s Republic of China [Original title: Rola państwa w międzynarodowym arbitrażu handlowym – system sądowej kontroli orzeczeń trybunałów arbitrażowych w prawie Chińskiej Republiki Ludowej]

Internetowy Przegląd Prawniczy TBSP UJ 2018, No. 2, p. 34-46

Key issues: New York Convention, New York Convention, state court assistance, state court assistance, arbitration award, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 32028

Ciaptacz Jan

role of the State in the International Commercial Arbitration – the System of Judicial Control of Arbitrational Tribunals Sentences in the Legal System of People’s Republic of China [Original title: Rola państwa w międzynarodowym arbitrażu handlowym – system sądowej kontroli orzeczeń trybunałów arbitrażowych w prawie Chińskiej Republiki Ludowej]

Internetowy Przegląd Prawniczy TBSP UJ 2018, No. 2, p. 34-46

Key issues: New York Convention, New York Convention, state court assistance, state court assistance, arbitration award, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 32028

Cieplińska Zuzanna Ewa

Dissenting opinions in arbitral awards – issues of recognition and enforcement in different jurisdictions with special focus on the issue of secrecy of deliberations

Biuletyn Arbitrażowy 2020, No. 27, p. 58-64

Key issues: general works, arbitrator, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 32155

Comi Urszula

Arbitration – Comparative Look on the Polish and French Statutory Law Regulations [Original title: Arbitraż - prawnoporównawcze spojrzenie na regulacje ustawodawstwa polskiego i francuskiego]

[in:] A. Garnuszek, L. Mazur, A. Orzeł (eds.), Quo Vadis, Arbitrażu? Quo Vadis, Arbitration?, Warszawa 2013, p. 45-73

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 31205

Crescenzo Claire di

Arbitration Awards in Polish Law in the Light of French Law [Original title: Orzeczenia arbitrażowe w prawie polskim w świetle prawa francuskiego]

MoP 1995, No. 9, p. 259-262

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 30208

Czarny Gierc

Draft of the Amendments to the Civil Procedure Code and the Issues of Arbitration [Original title: Projekt nowelizacji K.P.C., a zagadnienia sądownictwa polubownego]

Wil.Prz.Praw. 1936, No. 12, p. 431-435

Key issues: state court assistance, arbitrator, arbitration award

id: 30041

Czarny Gierc

Is an Arbitration Court Allowed to Ask a Magistrates’ Court for Service of a Copy of the Award if the Parties Refuse to Accept the Award or Sign the Receipt Confirmation? [Original title: Czy sąd polubowny, w razie odmowy przyjęcia przez strony odpisu wyroku lub podpisania dowodu doręczenia, ma prawo zwrócić się do sądu grodzkiego o doręczenie odpisu wyroku?]

PPC 1935, No. 1-2, p. 50-51

Key issues: state court assistance, arbitration award

id: 30040

Czarny Gierc

Issues of Arbitration Court Practice. An Addition to the Lecture of Dr Kuratowski [Original title: Z zagadnień praktyki sądów polubownych. Na marginesie referatu D-ra Kuratowskiego.]

Wil.Prz.Praw. 1933, No. 3, p. 69-74, [part II]

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 30046

Olszewski Adam, Czerniawko Ewelina

Awarding In-house Counsel Costs in Arbitration [Original title: Zasądzanie kosztów prawników wewnętrznych w arbitrażu]

Arbitration e-Review 2012, No. 1, p. 38-42

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 31140

Dasser Felix, Wójtowicz Piotr

Challenges of Swiss Arbitral Awards. Updated Statistical Data as of 2017

ASA Bulletin 2018, Vol. 36, Issue 2, p. 276-294

Key issues: arbitration award, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31950

Dasser Felix, Wójtowicz Piotr

Challenges of Swiss Arbitral Awards. Updated Statistical Data as of 2017

ASA Bulletin 2018, Vol. 36, Issue 2, p. 276-294

Key issues: arbitration award, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31950

Dąbrowska Katarzyna, Sidor Artur

Securing the enforceability of an award in the context of the new Rules of the Lewiatan Court of Arbitration

e-Przegląd Arbitrażowy 2012, No. 3-4 (10-11), p. 32-43

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31148

Diehl Monika, Jędrzejczyk Dominika

Settlement in arbitration proceedings – practical aspects [Original title: Ugoda w postępowaniu arbitrażowym - praktyczne aspekty]

Biuletyn Arbitrażowy 2020, No. 27, p. 73-80

Key issues: settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award

id: 32157

Dragun Magdalena

The principle of fairness and rulings in proceedings before the arbitral tribunal in cases concerning international trade [Original title: Zasada słuszności a orzekanie w postępowaniu przed sądem arbitrażowym w sprawach z zakresu handlu międzynarodowego]

Studia Prawnoustrojowe 2015, No. 30, s. 95-103

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32087

Dragun Magdalena

The principle of fairness and rulings in proceedings before the arbitral tribunal in cases concerning international trade [Original title: Zasada słuszności a orzekanie w postępowaniu przed sądem arbitrażowym w sprawach z zakresu handlu międzynarodowego]

Studia Prawnoustrojowe 2015, No. 30, s. 95-103

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32087

Siwik Robert, Drapała Przemysław

An arbitration tribunal as an alternative to a state court [Original title: Schiedsgericht als Alternative zum staatlichen Gericht]

Deutsch-Polnische Juristen Zeitschrift 2016, No. 1-2, p. 53-54

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 32054

Siwik Robert, Drapała Przemysław

An arbitration tribunal as an alternative to a state court [Original title: Schiedsgericht als Alternative zum staatlichen Gericht]

Deutsch-Polnische Juristen Zeitschrift 2016, No. 1-2, p. 53-54

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 32054

Durbas Maciej

Favourable award does not guarantee successful execution of claims

Lexology 2016

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 32212

Durbas Maciej, Gąsiorowski Kuba

Supreme Court decides on res judicata of arbitral awards

Lexology 2016

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 32211

Durbas Maciej, Kos Rafał

Agent claiming commission for football transfer caught offside

Lexology 2017

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 32203

Durbas Maciej, Kos Rafał

Award vacated for ultra petita decision regarding interest

Lexology 2019

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 32195

Durbas Maciej, Kos Rafał

Res iudicata saga continues

Lexology 2020

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 32192

Durbas Maciej, Kos Rafał

Words, words, words: concise reasoning not grounds to vacate award

Lexology 2020

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 32191

Dziurda Marcin, Zielińska Alicja

Prohibition on Surprise Decisions on Legal Grounds by Arbitrators

[in:] B. Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz (ed.), The Challenges and the Future of Commercial and Investment Arbitration. Liber Amicorum Professor Jerzy Rajski, Warsaw 2015, p. 315-329

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 31417

Kolber Joanna, Fierens Jean-Pierre

The 2013 Developments in Belgian Arbitration Law

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2015, No. 1, p. 26-38

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31375

Franusz Anna

Impact of Declaration of Bankruptcy of an Entrepreneur on Arbitration Proceedings [Original title: Wpływ ogłoszenia upadłości przedsiębiorcy na postępowanie arbitrażowe]

Studia Prawnoustrojowe 2011, No. 14, p. 283-293

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31121

Frąckowiak Józef

The Finality of State Court Judgments and Arbitral Awards

[in:] B. Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz (ed.), The Challenges and the Future of Commercial and Investment Arbitration. Liber Amicorum Professor Jerzy Rajski, Warsaw 2015, p. 347-354

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31419

Frątczak Klaudia, Mikołajczyk Natalia

Reform of the French Code of Civil Procedure - Revolutionary Changes in Arbitration Law [Original title: Nowelizacja francuskiego Kodeksu Postępowania Cywilnego: Rewolucyjne zmiany w prawie arbitrażowym]

Arbitration e-Review 2011, No. 2, p. 38-41

Key issues: general works, state court assistance, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 30985

Frejowski Sebastian

Binding of an Arbitration Tribunal by the State Court Ruling That Recognized or Enforced a Prior Arbitration Tribunal Award [Original title: Związanie sądu arbitrażowego orzeczeniem sądu powszechnego, który uznał lub stwierdził wykonalność wyroku sądu polubownego]

Glosa 2013, No. 2, p. 63-67

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31154

Furtek Marek, Pieckowski Sylwester, Poczobut Jerzy, Szumański Andrzej, Tomaszewski Maciej, Łaszczuk Maciej

Arbitration and Mediation. A Commemorative Volume Dedicated to Dr Andrzej Tynel [Original tilte: Arbitraż i mediacja. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana doktorowi Andrzejowi Tynelowi]

Warszawa 2012, pp. 732

Key issues: New York Convention, general works, state court assistance, arbitrability of dispute, investment arbitration, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31075

Zawicki Kamil, Gąsiorowski Kuba, Matejczyk Magdalena

Poland – the Supreme Court Judgments

[in:] Bělohlávek Alexander J., Rozehnalová Naděžda (eds), Czech Yearbook of International Law. International Dispute Resolution, The Hague 2016, Vol. VII, p. 213-223

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31552

Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata

Admissibility of Electronic Awards in the UNCITRAL Model Law Jurisdiction: Polish Law Example

Journal of International Arbitration 2021, No. 3, p. 147-162

Key issues: arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32144

Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata

Admissibility of Electronic Awards in the UNCITRAL Model Law Jurisdiction: Polish Law Example

Journal of International Arbitration 2021, No. 3, p. 147-162

Key issues: arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32144

Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata

An arbitration award in Times of pandemic – permissibility of contemporary electronic forms [Original title: Wyrok arbitrażowy w czasie pandemii - dopuszczalność współczesnych form elektronicznych]

Biuletyn Arbitrażowy 2020, No. 26, p. 44-45, [Summary of an article published in „Przegląd Prawa Handlowego”]

Key issues: arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32142

Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata

An arbitration award in Times of pandemic – permissibility of contemporary electronic forms [Original title: Wyrok arbitrażowy w czasie pandemii - dopuszczalność współczesnych form elektronicznych]

Biuletyn Arbitrażowy 2020, No. 26, p. 44-45, [Summary of an article published in „Przegląd Prawa Handlowego”]

Key issues: arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32142

Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata

Arbitral Award during the Pandemic. Permissibility of Contemporary Electronic Forms [Original title: Wyrok arbitrażowy w czasie pandemii - dopuszczalność współczesnych form elektronicznych]

PPH 2020, No. 7, p. 24-31

Key issues: arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32086

Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata

Arbitral Award during the Pandemic. Permissibility of Contemporary Electronic Forms [Original title: Wyrok arbitrażowy w czasie pandemii - dopuszczalność współczesnych form elektronicznych]

PPH 2020, No. 7, p. 24-31

Key issues: arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32086

Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata

Diagnosis for Arbitration. Functioning of Arbitration Law and the Directions of Postulated Changes [Original title: Diagnoza arbitrażu. Funkcjonowanie prawa o arbitrażu i kierunki postulowanych zmian]

Wrocław 2014, pp. 593

Key issues: New York Convention, general works, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31452

Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata

The Normative Basis of Confidentiality in Polish Commercial Arbitration [Original title: Podstawa normatywna zasady poufności w polskim arbitrażu handlowym]

PPH, 2013, No. 1, p. 14-19

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 31129

Giemza Wojciech

Arbitration in the UE Competition Law [Original title: Arbitraż w prawie konkurencji Unii Europejskiej]

[in:] A. Garnuszek, L. Mazur, A. Orzeł (eds.), Quo Vadis, Arbitrażu? Quo Vadis, Arbitration?, Warszawa 2013, p. 191-213

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitration award

id: 31211

Gizbert-Studnicki Tomasz

Interpretation of Arbitration Awards from the Point of View of the Theory of Law [Original title: Interpretacja orzeczeń arbitrażowych z punktu widzenia teorii prawa]

[in:] Józef Okolski (chair), Andrzej Całus, Maksymilian Pazdan, Stanisław Sołtysiński, Tomasz Wardyński, Stanisław Włodyka (ed.) Essays in Honour of 60 years of the Court of Arbitration at the Polish Chamber of Commerce in Warsaw [Księga pamiątkowa 60-lecia Sądu Arbitrażowego przy Krajowej Izbie Gospodarczej w Warszawie], Warszawa 2010, p. 739-750

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 30944

Gizbert-Studnicki Tomasz

Legal Pluralism, Lex Mercatoria and International Commercial Arbitration [Original title: Pluralizm prawny, lex mercatoria i międzynarodowy arbitraż handlowy]

[in:] Jagielska Monika, Pazdan Maksymilian, Rott-Pietrzyk Ewa, Szpunar Maciej (eds), Rozprawy z prawa prywatnego. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana Profesorowi Wojciechowi Popiołkowi, Warsaw 2017,[in:] Jagielska Monika, Pazdan Maksymilian, Rott-Pietrzyk Ewa, Szpunar Maciej (eds), Rozprawy z prawa prywatnego. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana Profesorowi Wojciechowi Popiołkowi, Warsaw 2017, p. 875-886

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31864

Gizbert-Studnicki Tomasz

Legal Pluralism, Lex Mercatoria and International Commercial Arbitration [Original title: Pluralizm prawny, lex mercatoria i międzynarodowy arbitraż handlowy]

[in:] Jagielska Monika, Pazdan Maksymilian, Rott-Pietrzyk Ewa, Szpunar Maciej (eds), Rozprawy z prawa prywatnego. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana Profesorowi Wojciechowi Popiołkowi, Warsaw 2017,[in:] Jagielska Monika, Pazdan Maksymilian, Rott-Pietrzyk Ewa, Szpunar Maciej (eds), Rozprawy z prawa prywatnego. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana Profesorowi Wojciechowi Popiołkowi, Warsaw 2017, p. 875-886

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31864

Goldwag Naum

Decisions of the Arbitration Court. Legal Remedies Available to the Parties. [Original title: Postanowienia sądu polubownego Przysługujące stronom środki prawne.]

Pal. 1936, No. 7-8, p. 601-606

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 30069

Golędzinowski Piotr

The Consequences of Setting Aside an Arbitral Award Following a Final Decision Ending the Procedure for Declaring the Award Enforceable [Original title: Skutki uchylenia wyroku sądu polubownego po prawomocnym zakończeniu postępowania o stwierdzenie wykonalności]

Arbitration e-Review 2014, No. 1-2, p. 6-12

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 31277

Gołąb Stanisław

Arbitration Courts in the Draft Polish Civil Procedure [Original title: Sądy polubowne według projektu polskiej procedury cywilnej.]

Pal. 1926, p. 49-66

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 30072

Gorywoda Łukasz

Institutionalization of an Arbitral Appeal Mechanism – American Arbitration Association's new Optional Appellate Arbitration Rules [Original title: Instytucjonalizacja dwuinstancyjności postępowania arbitrażowego – apelacja arbitrażowa według nowych reguł American Arbitration Association]

PPH 2015, No. 4, p. 17-22

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31364

Hauser-Morel Maria

Duty to Provide Reasoning under the ICC Rules – Recent Experience

[in:] B. Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz (ed.), The Challenges and the Future of Commercial and Investment Arbitration. Liber Amicorum Professor Jerzy Rajski, Warsaw 2015, p. 355-364

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 31420

Hauser-Morel Maria, Wiśniewski Tadeusz

Arbitration Award, Rules of Adjudication and Other Methods of Concluding of Arbitration Proceedings [Original title: Wyrok, zasady wyrokowania i inne sposoby zakończenia postępowania arbitrażowego]

[in:] Andrzej Szumański (ed.), The System of Commercial Law. Commercial Arbitration. Volume 8, Chapter 10 [System Prawa Handlowego. Arbitraż handlowy. Tom 8, Rozdział 10], Warszawa 2009, p. 499-519

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 30753

Hauser-Morel Maria, Wiśniewski Tadeusz

Arbitration Award, Rules of Rendering an Award and Other Ways to Terminate an Arbitration Proceeding [Original title: Wyrok, zasady wyrokowania i inne sposoby zakończenia postępowania arbitrażowego]

[in:] Andrzej Szumański (ed.), The System of Commercial Law. Commercial Arbitration. Volume 8, Chapter 10 [Original title: System Prawa Handlowego. Arbitraż handlowy. Tom 8, Rozdział 10], Warszawa 2015, p. 595-623

Key issues: settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award

id: 31484

Heiderhoff Bettina

Arbitration, the Rome I Regulation, and the Law Applicable to the Merits

[in:] Jagielska Monika, Pazdan Maksymilian, Rott-Pietrzyk Ewa, Szpunar Maciej (eds), Rozprawy z prawa prywatnego. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana Profesorowi Wojciechowi Popiołkowi, Warsaw 2017, p. 907-921

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31859

Heiderhoff Bettina

Arbitration, the Rome I Regulation, and the Law Applicable to the Merits

[in:] Jagielska Monika, Pazdan Maksymilian, Rott-Pietrzyk Ewa, Szpunar Maciej (eds), Rozprawy z prawa prywatnego. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana Profesorowi Wojciechowi Popiołkowi, Warsaw 2017, p. 907-921

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31859

Horváth Éva

(How) Are 'Ill' Awards Curable

[in:] Sylwester Pieckowski (chair), Piotr Nowaczyk, Jerzy Poczobut, Andrzej Szumański, Andrzej Tynel (ed.), Polish and International Commercial Arbitration at the Threshold of the 21st Century: A Commemorative Volume in Honour of Dr Tadeusz Szurski [Międzynarodowy i krajowy arbitraż handlowy u progu XXI wieku. Księga pamiątkowa dedykowana doktorowi habilitowanemu Tadeuszowi Szurskiemu], Warszawa 2008, p. 27-40

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 30919

Jakubowski Jerzy

Permanent Courts of Arbitration in Poland [Original title: Stałe sądy arbitrażowe w Polsce]

Warszawa 1961, ss. 39

Key issues: New York Convention, general works, arbitrator, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 30127

Jakubowski Jerzy, Wiśniewski Andrzej W.

UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules [Original title: Regulamin arbitrażowy UNCITRAL]

PPHZ 1979, No. 3, p. 25-36

Key issues: general works, arbitrator, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 30477

Jędrzejewska Maria

Commentary on the Supreme Court Resolution of 20.2.1974, III CZP 2/74 (re: Arbitration Award, and Statutes of Limitations for Claims) [Original title: Glosa do uchwały SN z 20.2.1974 r., III CZP 2/74 (dot. wyroku sądu polubownego; biegu przedawnienia roszczeń)]

OSPiKA 1976, item 1 c

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 30245

Kisielińska-Garncarek Joanna, Jodłowska Natalia

Does an arbitrator know the law? Iura novit curia and the principle of not surprising the parties in international arbitration [Original title: Czy arbiter zna prawo? Iura novit curia a zasada niezaskakiwania stron w arbitrażu międzynarodowym]

[in:] Dumkiewicz Małgorzata, Szczotka Jerzy, Kopaczyńska-Pieczniak Katarzyna (eds), 100 years of Polish commercial law. Andrzej Kidyba anniversary volume, Vol. II [Original title: Sto lat polskiego prawa handlowego. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana profesorowi Andrzejowi Kidybie. Tom II], Warszawa 2020, p. 801-816

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32110

Kisielińska-Garncarek Joanna, Jodłowska Natalia

Does an arbitrator know the law? Iura novit curia and the principle of not surprising the parties in international arbitration [Original title: Czy arbiter zna prawo? Iura novit curia a zasada niezaskakiwania stron w arbitrażu międzynarodowym]

[in:] Dumkiewicz Małgorzata, Szczotka Jerzy, Kopaczyńska-Pieczniak Katarzyna (eds), 100 years of Polish commercial law. Andrzej Kidyba anniversary volume, Vol. II [Original title: Sto lat polskiego prawa handlowego. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana profesorowi Andrzejowi Kidybie. Tom II], Warszawa 2020, p. 801-816

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32110

Jurcewicz Witold

Dispute Resolution in the “Final Offer” System (Baseball Arbitration) [Original title: Rozstrzyganie sporów w systemie "ostatniej oferty" (baseball arbitration)

[in:] Józef Okolski (chair), Andrzej Całus, Maksymilian Pazdan, Stanisław Sołtysiński, Tomasz Wardyński, Stanisław Włodyka (ed.) Essays in Honour of 60 years of the Court of Arbitration at the Polish Chamber of Commerce in Warsaw [Księga pamiątkowa 60-lecia Sądu Arbitrażowego przy Krajowej Izbie Gospodarczej w Warszawie], Warszawa 2010, p. 191-200

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 30909

Kaliński Maciej

The rigorism of liability under the promissory note and the functions of the promissory note collide with the methods of conducting arbitration proceedings. Resorting to lawful remedies to secure fulfillment of an obligation (for example by arresting a ship) cannot be considered application of economic duress”. A commentary to the Appellate Court Judgment dated 9 July 1996, I ACr 560/96 [Original title: „Rygoryzm odpowiedzialności wekslowej oraz funkcje weksla kolidują z trybem postępowania przed sądem polubownym. Nie może być uznane za stosowanie przymusu ekonomicznego korzystanie z przewidzianych prawem środków dla zabezpieczenia wykonania zobowiązania (np. w drodze aresztu statku)”. Glosa do wyroku s. apel. z dnia 9 lipca 1996 r., I ACr 560/96]

PPH 1998, No. 2, p. 42-45

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31993

Kaliński Maciej

The rigorism of liability under the promissory note and the functions of the promissory note collide with the methods of conducting arbitration proceedings. Resorting to lawful remedies to secure fulfillment of an obligation (for example by arresting a ship) cannot be considered application of economic duress”. A commentary to the Appellate Court Judgment dated 9 July 1996, I ACr 560/96 [Original title: „Rygoryzm odpowiedzialności wekslowej oraz funkcje weksla kolidują z trybem postępowania przed sądem polubownym. Nie może być uznane za stosowanie przymusu ekonomicznego korzystanie z przewidzianych prawem środków dla zabezpieczenia wykonania zobowiązania (np. w drodze aresztu statku)”. Glosa do wyroku s. apel. z dnia 9 lipca 1996 r., I ACr 560/96]

PPH 1998, No. 2, p. 42-45

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31993

Kała Dariusz P.

Chosen Issues Related to the Arbitration Court Award [Original title: Wybrane zagadnienia związane z wyrokiem sądu polubownego]

Rejent 2012, No. 4, p. 65-75

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31056

Kała Dariusz P.

On the Relations Between State Courts and Courts of Arbitration in the Wide Sense [Original title: O relacjach między sądownictwem państwowym a polubownym w znaczeniu szerokim]

R.Pr. - dod. 2012, No. 122, p. 6-10

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 31073

Kałduński Marcin

Some Reflections on Arbitration in the Yukos v. The Russian Federation

Comparative Law Review 2014, Vol. 18, p. 141-167

Key issues: general works, general works, costs of arbitration, costs of arbitration, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32051

Kałduński Marcin

Some Reflections on Arbitration in the Yukos v. The Russian Federation

Comparative Law Review 2014, Vol. 18, p. 141-167

Key issues: general works, general works, costs of arbitration, costs of arbitration, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32051

Kapłan I.

Arbitration (Comparative Outline of the Provisions of the Civil Court Procedure Act and the Civil Procedure Code) [Original title: Sąd polubowny (Szkic porównawczy przepisów U.P.C. i K.P.C.).]

Wil.Prz.Praw. 1932, No. 2, p. 33-36

Key issues: arbitration agreement, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award

id: 30076

Kąkolecki Andrzej

Best Practice in ICC Arbitration [Original title: Dobre praktyki w arbitrażu Międzynarodowej Izby Handlowej (ICC)]

[in:] M. Łaszczuk (chair), M. Furtek, S. Pieckowski, J. Poczobut, A. Szumański, M. Tomaszewski (eds.), Arbitration and Mediation. A Commemorative Volume Dedicated to Dr Andrzej Tynel [Arbitraż i mediacja. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana doktorowi Andrzejowi Tynelowi], Warszawa 2012, p. 228-244

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 31086

Kąkolecki Andrzej

Modern Arbitration Rules [Original title: Nowoczesne regulaminy arbitrażowe]

Biul. Arb. 2013, No. 20, p. 88-92

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 31177

Kąkolecki Andrzej, Nowaczyk Piotr

A New Set of Rules of the Court of Arbitration at the Polish Chamber of Commerce / Un nou set de Reguli emise de Curtea de Arbitraj de pe lângă Camera de Comerţ din Polonia

Revista Română de Arbitraj 2009, No. 1 (9), p. 10-21

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 31290

Kąkolecki Andrzej, Nowaczyk Piotr

New ICC Rules of Arbitration [Original title: Nowy Regulamin Arbitrażowy Międzynarodowej Izby Handlowej]

Biul. Arb. 2012, No. 17, p. 55-70

Key issues: general works, arbitrator, arbitration procedure, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration award

id: 31046

Szczepaniak Anna, Kępka Paweł

Polish Abitration Award in the Middle Ages and in the 21st Century [Original title: Polski wyrok arbitrażowy w okresie średniowiecza i XXI wieku]

[in:] A. Garnuszek, L. Mazur, A. Orzeł (eds.), Quo Vadis, Arbitrażu? Quo Vadis, Arbitration?, Warszawa 2013, p. 237-247

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 31213

Kierska Maria

Anti-suit Injunctions Issued by Common Law Courts [Original title: Anti-suit injunctions orzekane przez sądy common law]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2017, No. 4, p. 37-54

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, interim measures, interim measures, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31929

Kierska Maria

Anti-suit Injunctions Issued by Common Law Courts [Original title: Anti-suit injunctions orzekane przez sądy common law]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2017, No. 4, p. 37-54

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, interim measures, interim measures, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31929

Kita Ewelina

Arbitration clause in matters concerning labour law [Original title: Zapis na sąd polubowny w sprawach ze stosunku pracy]

ELSA 2015, No. 3, p. 89-100

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32025

Kita Ewelina

Arbitration clause in matters concerning labour law [Original title: Zapis na sąd polubowny w sprawach ze stosunku pracy]

ELSA 2015, No. 3, p. 89-100

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32025

Klementowski Marian Lech

Arbitration in the Zamoyski Family Fee Tail in the light of Basil Rudomicz’s 1656-1672 diary [Original title: Postępowanie przed sądami polubownymi w Ordynacji Zamojskiej w świetle diariusza Bazylego Rudomicza z lat 1656-1672]

Rejent 1998, No. 7-8, p. 89-110

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, settlement before arbitral tribunal, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32040

Klementowski Marian Lech

Arbitration in the Zamoyski Family Fee Tail in the light of Basil Rudomicz’s 1656-1672 diary [Original title: Postępowanie przed sądami polubownymi w Ordynacji Zamojskiej w świetle diariusza Bazylego Rudomicza z lat 1656-1672]

Rejent 1998, No. 7-8, p. 89-110

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, settlement before arbitral tribunal, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32040

Kos Rafał

Public order - compensatory function of penalty clause

Lexology 2015

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 32218

Kosteczka Zofia

Waiver of the right to challenge the award [Original title: Zrzeczenie się prawa do wniesienia skargi o uchylenie wyroku sądu polubownego]

Biul. Arb., 2013, No. 19, p. 92-104

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31131

Kozłowski Łukasz

Declaration of Insolvency of the Party to the Arbitration Proceedings [Original title: Ogłoszenie upadłości strony postępowania przed sądem polubownym]

MoP 2015, No. 8, p. 436-440

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31370

Kroft, van der Remco

Netherlands Arbitration Institute (Brief Presentation)[Original title: Holenderski Instytut Arbitrażu (krótka prezentacja)]

Biul. Arb. 2009, Nr 11, p. 70-80

Key issues: general works, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 30872

Kroński Aleksander

Arbitration in the Light of the Hitherto Case Law and Civil Procedure Code [Original title: Sądy polubowne w świetle dotychczasowego orzecznictwa i kodeksu postępowania cywilnego.]

Pal. 1931, No. 4-5, p. 169-179, [part II]

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 30083

Krużewski Bartosz

Arbitral Award

[in:] Arbitration in Poland, Warszawa 2011, p. 101-110

Key issues: settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award

id: 31040

Zawicki Kamil, Kubas Andrzej, Selwa Magdalena

Current Case Law - Poland

[in:] Alexander J. Bělohlávek, Filip Černý, Naděžda Rozehnalová (eds.), Czech (& Central European) Yearbook of Arbitration 2013, Vol. III, New York 2013, P. 211-237

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration agreement, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31308

Lewandowski Paweł

Prejudicial Effects of Arbitral Awards and Common Court Judgments in Arbitral Proceedings [Original title: Zakres związania sądu arbitrażowego prejudycjalnymi skutkami wcześniejszego wyroku arbitrażowego lub orzeczenia sądu państwowego]

[in:] M. Łaszczuk (chair), M. Furtek, S. Pieckowski, J. Poczobut, A. Szumański, M. Tomaszewski (eds.), Arbitration and Mediation. A Commemorative Volume Dedicated to Dr Andrzej Tynel [Arbitraż i mediacja. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana doktorowi Andrzejowi Tynelowi], Warszawa 2012, p. 312-320

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 31091

Łaszczuk Maciej

The Form for Correction and Interpretation of an Arbitration Award [Original title: O formie sprostowania i wykładni wyroku sądu polubownego]

Pal. 2012, No. 3-4, p. 142-145

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 31051

Miszewski Wacław

Adjudication in an Award Upon Condition That a Party Swears an Oath [Original title: Zasądzenie w wyroku sądu polubownego pod warunkiem złożenia przez stronę przysięgi]

PPC 1937, No. 1-2, p. 48-52

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 30090

Morek Rafał

Arbitration Award Issued on the Basis of A Settlement Between the Parties. An Outline of the Topic [Original title: Wyrok sądu polubownego wydany na podstawie ugody stron. Zarys problematyki]

[in:] Łukasz Błaszczak (ed.), On the Issues of Rulings [Wokół problematyki orzeczeń], Toruń 2007, p. 145-162

Key issues: settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award

id: 30688

Morek Rafał

Resolution of disputes by the Arbitral Tribunal in the light of applicable law [Original title: Rozstrzyganie sporów przez Sąd Arbitrażowy w świetle obowiązującego prawa]

Konsultant 2014, No. 34-35, p. 3-6

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 32172

Morek Rafał

Selected Court Decisions related to Arbitral Proceedings [Original title: Przegląd orzecznictwa Sądu Najwyższego i sądów apelacyjnych]

Biul. Arb., 2013, No. 19, p. 120-124

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31133

Morek Rafał

Settlement Recorded in the Form of an Arbitration Award on Agreed Terms: in the Rules of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce, the Court of Arbitration at the Polish Chamber of Commerce and International Practice [Original title: Nadanie ugodzie stron formy wyroku arbitrażowego przez zespół orzekający (trybunał arbitrażowy) w regulaminach KIG, ICC i praktyce międzynarodowej

Biul. Arb. 2007, No. 4, p. 79-100

Key issues: settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award

id: 30831

Morek Rafał, Sadowski Wojciech

Recognition and Enforcement of Arbitral Awards in Poland

[in:] Arbitration in Poland, Warszawa 2011, p. 125-140

Key issues: New York Convention, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31042

Neumann Marek

Public Policy and the Content of an Arbitral Award - commentary on the Supreme Court's ruling of 9 September 2010 (I CSK 535/09) [Original title: Klauzula porządku publicznego a treść wyroku sądu polubownego - glosa do wyroku Sądu Najwyższego z 9.09.2010 r. (I CSK 535/09)]

Glosa 2011, No. 2, p. 61-67

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 30994

Neumann Marek

The Rules of Incurring Costs of Proceedings Before the Court of Arbitration at the Polish Chamber of Commerce in the Light of Global Tendencies [Original title: Zasady ponoszenia kosztów postępowania przed Sądem Arbitrażowym przy KIG na tle tendencji światowych]

Biul.Arb. - Młody Arbitraż 2015, No. 22, p. 87-99

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 31328

Nowacki Artur

The place of the arbitration proceedings and the place of issue of the award [Original title: Miejsce postępowania przed sądem polubownym a miejsce wydania wyroku]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2019, No. 4, p. 5-15

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31999

Nowacki Artur

The place of the arbitration proceedings and the place of issue of the award [Original title: Miejsce postępowania przed sądem polubownym a miejsce wydania wyroku]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2019, No. 4, p. 5-15

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31999

Nowaczyk Piotr, Syp Szymon

Rules of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce [Original title: Regulamin Arbitrażowy Międzynarodowej Izby Handlowej]

iKAR 2013, No. 5, p. 129-132

Key issues: general works, arbitrator, arbitration procedure, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award

id: 31187

Olaś Andrzej

Commentary to the Judgements of the Supreme Court Dated 13 April 2012 (I CSK 416/11) and 26 November 2008 (III CSK 163/08)[Original title: Glosa do wyroków Sądu Najwyższego z dnia 13 kwietnia 2012 r. (I CSK 416/11) oraz z dnia 26 listopada 2008 r. (III CSK 163/08)]

Stud. Prawn.-Ekonom. 2013, No. 88, p. 209-226

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 31262

Olechowski Marcin

Law Applicable to the Assessment of the Effects of a Recognised International Arbitration Award [Original title: Prawo właściwe do oceny skutków uznawanego międzynarodowego wyroku arbitrażowego]

[in:] Józef Okolski (chair), Andrzej Całus, Maksymilian Pazdan, Stanisław Sołtysiński, Tomasz Wardyński, Stanisław Włodyka (ed.) Essays in Honour of 60 years of the Court of Arbitration at the Polish Chamber of Commerce in Warsaw [Księga pamiątkowa 60-lecia Sądu Arbitrażowego przy Krajowej Izbie Gospodarczej w Warszawie], Warszawa 2010, p. 573-585

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 30935

Opaliński Łukasz

Arbitration in Domestic Trade [Original title: Arbitraż w krajowym obrocie gospodarczym]

[in:] Prace laureatów konkursu im. Prof. Jerzego Jakubowskiego, edycja druga [Works of the Winners of Prof. Jerzy Jakubowski Contest, Second Edition], Warszawa 2005, p. 195-244

Key issues: general works, state court assistance, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 30960

Orecki Marcin

Does the Winner Take It All? - Principles Governing the Adjudication of Attorney's Fees in International Arbitration [Original title: Does the winner take it all? - zasady zasądzania kosztów zastępstwa procesowego w międzynarodowym arbitrażu]

Prz. Prawn. UW 2012, No. 1-2, p. 95-107

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31123

Orecki Marcin

Polish Provisions on Courts of Arbitration - de Lege Ferenda Remarks [Original title: Polskie przepisy o sądzie polubownym (arbitrażowym) - uwagi de lege ferenda]

PPC 2014, No. 2, p. 198-237

Key issues: general works, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31272

Orkusz Maciej

ʺSurprise” of Parties at Legal Grounds Applied in the Arbitral Award as an Infringement of Party’s Right to Present its Case

Arbitration Bulletin - Young Arbitration 2016, No. 24, p. 88-104

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31560

Orkusz Maciej

“Surprising” the Parties with the Legal Basis of the Arbitral Tribunal’s Adjudication and Deprivation of the Right of Defence [Original title: "Zaskoczenie" stron wyborem podstawy prawnej orzekania przez sąd polubowny a pozbawienie prawa do obrony]

Biul.Arb. - Młody Arbitraż 2015, No. 22, p. 126-138

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31331

Orzeł Aleksandra

Commentary on the Supreme Court Judgement of 13.02.2014, V CSK 45/13 [Original title: Glosa do wyroku SN z dnia 13 lutego 2014 r., V CSK 45/13]

OSP 2015, No. 6, p. 858-865

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31371

Orzeł-Jakubowska Aleksandra

Access to Information about Public Matters Included in Arbitral Awards [Original title: Dostęp do informacji publicznej zawartej w wyrokach arbitrażowych]

PiP 2018, No. 2, p. 23-39

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration award, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31925

Orzeł-Jakubowska Aleksandra

Access to Information about Public Matters Included in Arbitral Awards [Original title: Dostęp do informacji publicznej zawartej w wyrokach arbitrażowych]

PiP 2018, No. 2, p. 23-39

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration award, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31925

Szpara Justyna, Orzeł-Jakubowska Aleksandra

Country report on local requirements for the validity of the arbitral award - Poland

[w:] International Bar Association - Validity of arbitral awards - country reports

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitrator, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, costs of arbitration, costs of arbitration, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32098

Szpara Justyna, Orzeł-Jakubowska Aleksandra

Country report on local requirements for the validity of the arbitral award - Poland

[w:] International Bar Association - Validity of arbitral awards - country reports

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitrator, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, costs of arbitration, costs of arbitration, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32098

Osiński Marcin

Proceedings Before Polish Arbitration Courts – Selected Issues [Original title: Postępowanie przed polskimi sądami polubownymi - wybrane zagadnienia]

[in:] Prace laureatów konkursu im. Prof. Jerzego Jakubowskiego, edycja druga [Works of the Winners of Prof. Jerzy Jakubowski Contest, Second Edition], Warszawa 2005, p.121-193

Key issues: general works, state court assistance, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 30961

Pasko Karolina, Zarówna Agnieszka

Rendering an Award under Polish Arbitration Law

Arbitration Bulletin - Young Arbitration 2016, No. 24, p. 71-87

Key issues: settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award

id: 31559

Pasko Karolina, Zarówna Agnieszka

Specificity of an Arbitral Award [Original title: Specyfika wyroku sądu polubownego]

Biul.Arb. - Młody Arbitraż 2015, No. 22, p. 112-125

Key issues: settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award

id: 31330

Paśnik Jerzy

Selected aspects of the organization and activity of the Arbitration Court for Sport at the Polish Olympic Committee [Original title: Wybrane aspekty organizacji i działalności Trybunału Arbitrażowego do spraw Sportu przy Polskim Komitecie Olimpijskim]

PPP 2020, No. 4, p. 23-35

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration award, arbitration procedure, arbitrator, general works, interim measures, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration agreement, arbitration award, arbitration procedure, arbitrator, general works, interim measures, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal

id: 32014

Paśnik Jerzy

Selected aspects of the organization and activity of the Arbitration Court for Sport at the Polish Olympic Committee [Original title: Wybrane aspekty organizacji i działalności Trybunału Arbitrażowego do spraw Sportu przy Polskim Komitecie Olimpijskim]

PPP 2020, No. 4, p. 23-35

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration award, arbitration procedure, arbitrator, general works, interim measures, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration agreement, arbitration award, arbitration procedure, arbitrator, general works, interim measures, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal

id: 32014

Pauknerová Monika

Some Remarks on the Treatment of Foreign Law in Arbitration

[in:] Jagielska Monika, Pazdan Maksymilian, Rott-Pietrzyk Ewa, Szpunar Maciej (eds), Rozprawy z prawa prywatnego. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana Profesorowi Wojciechowi Popiołkowi, Warsaw 2017, 961-972

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31867

Pauknerová Monika

Some Remarks on the Treatment of Foreign Law in Arbitration

[in:] Jagielska Monika, Pazdan Maksymilian, Rott-Pietrzyk Ewa, Szpunar Maciej (eds), Rozprawy z prawa prywatnego. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana Profesorowi Wojciechowi Popiołkowi, Warsaw 2017, 961-972

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31867

Poczobut Jerzy

Arbitration Agreement. Commentary to Article 39 and Article 40 of the Private Public Law Act dated 4 February 2011 (Unified Text: Polish Journal of Laws, Dz.U. 2015, item 1792) [Original title: Umowa o arbitraż. Komentarz do art. 39 i art. 40 Ustawy z dnia 4 lutego 2011 r. – Prawo prywatne międzynarodowe (tekst jedn.: Dz. U. z 2015 r. poz. 1792)]

[in:] Poczobut Jerzy (ed.), Prawo prywatne międzynarodowe. Komentarz, Warsaw 201, p. 647-683

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31895

Poczobut Jerzy

Arbitration Agreement. Commentary to Article 39 and Article 40 of the Private Public Law Act dated 4 February 2011 (Unified Text: Polish Journal of Laws, Dz.U. 2015, item 1792) [Original title: Umowa o arbitraż. Komentarz do art. 39 i art. 40 Ustawy z dnia 4 lutego 2011 r. – Prawo prywatne międzynarodowe (tekst jedn.: Dz. U. z 2015 r. poz. 1792)]

[in:] Poczobut Jerzy (ed.), Prawo prywatne międzynarodowe. Komentarz, Warsaw 201, p. 647-683

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31895

Pokryszka Katarzyna

New Provisions of Polish Law Concerning Arbitration - Selected Issues

Pr. Nauk. UŚl 2009, vol. 1, p. 68-75

Key issues: general works, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award

id: 30980

Połatyńska Joanna

Equity as a Ground for Arbitration Tribunals’ Awards [Original title: Equity jako podstawa orzekania trybunałów arbitrażowych]

[in:] Cezary Mik (ed.), Arbitration in the International Law [Original title: Arbitraż w prawie międzynarodowym], Warsaw 2014, p. 63-75

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 31339

Popiołek Wojciech

Effects of Foreign Arbitral Award in Poland [Original title: Skutki zagranicznego orzeczenia arbitrażowego w Polsce]

PPH 2014, No. 6, s. 5-10

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31269

Potrzobowski Karol

Commentary on the Supreme Court Ruling of 5.9.1967, I CZ 20/67 (re Court Control over Arbitral Awards) [Original title: Glosa do Postanowienia SN z 5.9.1967, I CZ 20/67 (dot. kontroli sądu nad wyrokami sądów polubownych)]

OSPiKA 1968, item 90 c, p. 210-212

Key issues: state court assistance, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 30619

Proksa Aleksander

Court of Arbitration at the Polish Chamber of Commerce Case Law – SA 14/08 SA 92/W/08, SA 227/08 [Original title: Orzecznictwo Sądu Arbitrażowego przy KIG – SA 14/08 SA 92/W/08, SA 227/08]

Biul. Arb. 2010, No. 2, p. 91-123

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 30837

Pyka Michał

The concept of investment in international investment arbitration [Original title: Pojęcie inwestycji w międzynarodowym arbitrażu inwestycyjnym]

Warsaw 2018, pp. 430

Key issues: general works, general works, investment arbitration, investment arbitration, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32021

Pyka Michał

The concept of investment in international investment arbitration [Original title: Pojęcie inwestycji w międzynarodowym arbitrażu inwestycyjnym]

Warsaw 2018, pp. 430

Key issues: general works, general works, investment arbitration, investment arbitration, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32021

Romańczuk Henryk

Arbitration of Disputes between Consumers and Providers of Telecommunications Services [Original title: Polubowne rozstrzyganie sporów między konsumentami a dostawcami usług telekomunikacyjnych]

[in:] M. Łaszczuk (chair), M. Furtek, S. Pieckowski, J. Poczobut, A. Szumański, M. Tomaszewski (eds.), Arbitration and Mediation. A Commemorative Volume Dedicated to Dr Andrzej Tynel [Arbitraż i mediacja. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana doktorowi Andrzejowi Tynelowi], Warszawa 2012, p. 493-509

Key issues: general works, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award

id: 31100

Różalska-Kucal Agnieszka

Legal Character of the Arbitration Clause in Investment Treaties: Commentary to the Judgement of the Province Administrative Court in Warsaw dated 25 October 2012, IISAB/WA 252/12 [Original title: Charakter prawny klauzuli arbitrażowej w traktatach inwestycyjnych: Glosa do wyroku Wojewódzkiego Sądu Administracyjnego w Warszawie z dnia 25 października 2012 r. IISAB/WA 252/12]

Arbitration e-Review 2013, No. 3-4, p. 67-74

Key issues: investment arbitration, arbitration agreement, arbitration award

id: 31252

Rudzki Marcin

Comments on Regulation of ADR Proceedings in Consumer Disputes in the Light of the Act on Out-of-Court Consumer Dispute Resolution [Original title: Uwagi na tle regulacji postępowań ADR w sporach konsumenckich w świetle ustawy o pozasądowym rozwiązywaniu sporów konsumenckich]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2017, No. 3, p. 63-73

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31924

Rudzki Marcin

Comments on Regulation of ADR Proceedings in Consumer Disputes in the Light of the Act on Out-of-Court Consumer Dispute Resolution [Original title: Uwagi na tle regulacji postępowań ADR w sporach konsumenckich w świetle ustawy o pozasądowym rozwiązywaniu sporów konsumenckich]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2017, No. 3, p. 63-73

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31924

Rysiński Jan

Deliberation of Arbitrators - Practical Issues [Original title: Narada arbitrów - zagadnienia praktyczne]

Biul.Arb. - Młody Arbitraż 2015, No. 22, p. 100-111

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 31329

Ryszkowski Karol

Adjudication on principles of equity in the proceedings before the arbitral tribunal in the Polish law compared to other legal systems

Cadernos de Dereito Actual 2019, No. 2, p. 9-19

Key issues: general works, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 32265

Ryszkowski Karol

Procedural public policy exception in commercial arbitration in Polish law as compared to other legal systems [Original title: Klauzula procesowego porządku publicznego w arbitrażu handlowym w prawie polskim na tle innych systemów prawnych]

Warsaw 2019, pp. 380

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32018

Ryszkowski Karol

Procedural public policy exception in commercial arbitration in Polish law as compared to other legal systems [Original title: Klauzula procesowego porządku publicznego w arbitrażu handlowym w prawie polskim na tle innych systemów prawnych]

Warsaw 2019, pp. 380

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32018

Siwik Robert

Arbitral tribunal – effective dispute resolution in Poland [Original title: Das Schiedsgericht - die effektive Lösung von Streitigkeiten in Polen]

Osteuropa Recht 2008, No. 6, p. 377-384

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32065

Siwik Robert

Arbitral tribunal – effective dispute resolution in Poland [Original title: Das Schiedsgericht - die effektive Lösung von Streitigkeiten in Polen]

Osteuropa Recht 2008, No. 6, p. 377-384

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32065

Skoczylas Józef

Arbitration in the Amendment to the Civil Procedure Code of 28 July 2005 [Original title: Sądownictwo arbitrażowe w nowelizacji kodeksu postępowania cywilnego z 28 lipca 2005 r.]

[in:] Jan Olszewski (ed.), Arbitration and Mediation. Current Theoretical and Practical Problems of Functioning of Arbitral Tribunals and Mediation Institutions. Conference Materials (Nałęczów Zdrój 8 - 10.05.2009) [Arbitraż i mediacja. Aktualne problemy teorii i praktyki funkcjonowania sądów polubownych i ośrodków mediacyjnych. Materiały konferencyjne (Nałęczów Zdrój 8 - 10.05.2009 r.)], Rzeszów 2009, p. 349-362

Key issues: general works, state court assistance, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 30675

Skowrońska - Bocian Ewa

Case Law in Commercial Matters. Supreme Court. Arbitration [Original title: Orzecznictwo w sprawach gospodarczych. Sąd Najwyższy. Sądownictwo polubowne]

PUG 2000, No. 11, p. 26-29

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration award

id: 30658

Skowrońska Katarzyna

Vacatur and Review of an Arbitral Award in Spain [Original title: Unieważnienie i rewizja wyroku sądu polubownego w Hiszpanii]

Arbitration e-Review 2014, No. 1-2, p. 61-70

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31283

Sokołowska Lidia

Arbitrability and Its Relevance as a Ground for Setting Aside an Arbitral Award - Comparative Law Comments in Light of the Amended Belgian Arbitration Law [Original title: Zdatność arbitrażowa sporu i jej znaczenie jako przesłanki skargi o uchylenie wyroku arbitrażowego - uwagi prawnoporównawcze w świetle nowelizacji belgijskiego prawa arbitrażowego]

Arbitration e-Review 2014, No. 1-2, p. 79-86

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31284

Sokołowska Lidia

The Protection of Third Party in Arbitration. Comparative Legal Analysis on the Arbitrability [Original title: La protection des tiers en droit de l’arbitrage. Quelques réflexions sur l’arbitrabilité des litiges en droit polonais et compare]

Internetowy Przegląd Prawniczy TBSP UJ 2018, No. 1, p. 49-59

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32029

Sokołowska Lidia

The Protection of Third Party in Arbitration. Comparative Legal Analysis on the Arbitrability [Original title: La protection des tiers en droit de l’arbitrage. Quelques réflexions sur l’arbitrabilité des litiges en droit polonais et compare]

Internetowy Przegląd Prawniczy TBSP UJ 2018, No. 1, p. 49-59

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32029

Sołtysik Stanisław

Grounds for refusing recognition and enforcement of a foreign arbitration award under the New York Convention [Original title: Podstawy odmowy uznania i wykonania zagranicznego orzeczenia arbitrażowego według Konwencji nowojorskiej]

Warsaw 2019, pp. 408

Key issues: New York Convention, New York Convention, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 32019

Sołtysik Stanisław

Grounds for refusing recognition and enforcement of a foreign arbitration award under the New York Convention [Original title: Podstawy odmowy uznania i wykonania zagranicznego orzeczenia arbitrażowego według Konwencji nowojorskiej]

Warsaw 2019, pp. 408

Key issues: New York Convention, New York Convention, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 32019

Sołtysiński Stanisław

Binding Members of Groups of Companies, Their Shareholders and Stakeholder by the Agreements to Arbitrate and Arbitral Awards [Original title: Związanie zapisem na sąd polubowny i orzeczeniem arbitrażowym członków zgrupowania spółek, ich wspólników i interesariuszy]

PPPM 2012, No. 11, p. 9-28

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, investment arbitration, arbitration agreement, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration award

id: 31198

Sołtysiński Stanisław

Prohibition on Relitigation of Transnational Arbitration Disputes: Res Iudicata and Related Institutions

[in:] B. Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz (ed.), The Challenges and the Future of Commercial and Investment Arbitration. Liber Amicorum Professor Jerzy Rajski, Warsaw 2015, p. 384-400

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 31423

Stawecki Tomasz

The Governing Law - General Principles of Law. A Commentary [Original title: Prawo właściwe – zasady ogólne prawa. Komentarz]

Arbitration e-Review 2014, No. 3-4, p. 113-127

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration award

id: 31361

Stefanowicz Krzysztof

Dissenting Opinions in Arbitration – Briefly in Favor

[in:] B. Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz (ed.), The Challenges and the Future of Commercial and Investment Arbitration. Liber Amicorum Professor Jerzy Rajski, Warsaw 2015, p. 401-411

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration award

id: 31424

Strumiłło Tomasz

Legal Effects of an Arbitral Award [Original title: Skutki prawne wyroku arbitrażowego]

Biul. Arb. 2010, No. 3, p. 96-115

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 30883

Suliński Grzegorz

Third party in commercial arbitration [Original title: Osoba trzecia w arbitrażu handlowym]

Warsaw 2018, pp. 268

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32020

Suliński Grzegorz

Third party in commercial arbitration [Original title: Osoba trzecia w arbitrażu handlowym]

Warsaw 2018, pp. 268

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32020

Sulkowski Adam

Polish Arbitration Law Analyzed and Applied to the Procedural Scenarios of Chromalloy

American Review of International Arbitration 1999, No. 2

Key issues: New York Convention, New York Convention, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 32119

Sulkowski Adam

Polish Arbitration Law Analyzed and Applied to the Procedural Scenarios of Chromalloy

American Review of International Arbitration 1999, No. 2

Key issues: New York Convention, New York Convention, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 32119

Szafran Dominika

Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments Issued in the Proceeding Concerning Investment Disputes [Original title: Uznawanie i wykonywanie orzeczeń kończących postępowanie w sprawach dotyczących sporów inwestycyjnych]

Internetowy Przegląd Prawniczy TBSP UJ 2017, No. 10, s. 120-132

Key issues: New York Convention, New York Convention, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, investment arbitration, investment arbitration, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32030

Szafran Dominika

Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments Issued in the Proceeding Concerning Investment Disputes [Original title: Uznawanie i wykonywanie orzeczeń kończących postępowanie w sprawach dotyczących sporów inwestycyjnych]

Internetowy Przegląd Prawniczy TBSP UJ 2017, No. 10, s. 120-132

Key issues: New York Convention, New York Convention, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, investment arbitration, investment arbitration, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32030

Szczęśniak Alicja

A Few Remarks on Remission Proceedings in Cases under Petition to Set Aside Arbitration Award [Original title: Kilka uwag o postępowaniu remisyjnym w sprawach ze skargi o uchylenie wyroku sądu polubownego]

Arbitration e-Review 2013, No. 3-4, p. 60-66

Key issues: state court assistance, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31251

Szczęśniak Alicja

Commentary to the Judgement of the Supreme Court - the Civil Chamber Dated 13 April 2012, I CSK 416/11[Original title: Glosa do wyroku Sądu Najwyższego - Izba Cywilna z dnia 13 kwietnia 2012 r., I CSK 416/11]

OSP 2014, No. 1, p. 11-19

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 31267

Szlęzak Andrzej, Tujakowska Anna

An arbitral tribunal being bound by an award of another arbitral tribunal – in the light of case law of the Polish Supreme Court, the doctrine and in the perspective comparative law [Original title: Związanie sądu polubownego wyrokiem innego sądu polubownego - w świetle orzecznictwa sądu najwyższego, doktryny i w perspektywie prawnoporównawczej]

Biuletyn Arbitrażowy 2020, No. 27, p. 29-57

Key issues: general works, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration award

id: 32154

Szlęzak Andrzej, Tujakowska Anna

An arbitral tribunal being bound by an award of another arbitral tribunal – in the light of case law of the Polish Supreme Court, the doctrine and in the perspective comparative law [Original title: Związanie sądu polubownego wyrokiem innego sądu polubownego - w świetle orzecznictwa Sądu Najwyższego, doktryny i w perspektywie prawnoporównawczej]

[in:] Dumkiewicz Małgorzata, Szczotka Jerzy, Kopaczyńska-Pieczniak Katarzyna (eds), 100 years of Polish commercial law. Andrzej Kidyba anniversary volume, Vol. II [Original title: Sto lat polskiego prawa handlowego. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana profesorowi Andrzejowi Kidybie. Tom II], Warszawa 2020, p. 942-973

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32113

Szlęzak Andrzej, Tujakowska Anna

An arbitral tribunal being bound by an award of another arbitral tribunal – in the light of case law of the Polish Supreme Court, the doctrine and in the perspective comparative law [Original title: Związanie sądu polubownego wyrokiem innego sądu polubownego - w świetle orzecznictwa Sądu Najwyższego, doktryny i w perspektywie prawnoporównawczej]

[in:] Dumkiewicz Małgorzata, Szczotka Jerzy, Kopaczyńska-Pieczniak Katarzyna (eds), 100 years of Polish commercial law. Andrzej Kidyba anniversary volume, Vol. II [Original title: Sto lat polskiego prawa handlowego. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana profesorowi Andrzejowi Kidybie. Tom II], Warszawa 2020, p. 942-973

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32113

Szpara Justyna

Setting Aside an Arbitration Award

[in:] Arbitration in Poland, Warszawa 2011, p. 111-124

Key issues: arbitration award, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31041

Szpara Justyna

Setting Aside an Arbitration Award

[in:] Arbitration in Poland, Warszawa 2011, p. 111-124

Key issues: arbitration award, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31041

Szumański Andrzej

Amendments to the Polish Arbitration Law in the Area of Arbitration of Corporate Disputes [Original title: Zmiany polskiego prawa arbitrażowego w zakresie arbitrażu korporacyjnego]

PPH 2020, No. 7, p. 5-17

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, settlement before arbitral tribunal, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32085

Szumański Andrzej

Amendments to the Polish Arbitration Law in the Area of Arbitration of Corporate Disputes [Original title: Zmiany polskiego prawa arbitrażowego w zakresie arbitrażu korporacyjnego]

PPH 2020, No. 7, p. 5-17

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, settlement before arbitral tribunal, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32085

Szumański Andrzej

Participation of Third Parties in the Preparation of an Arbitral Award and in the Determination of its Final Wording [Original title: Udział osób trzecich w przygotowaniu wyroku sądu arbitrażowego oraz nadaniu jego treści ostatecznego brzmienia]

Olszewski Jan, Błaszczak Łukasz, Morek Rafał (eds). Arbitraż i mediacja - perspektywy prywatnoprawna i publicznoprawna. Między teorią a praktyką. Księga pamiątkowa ku czci profesora Jana Łukasiewicza, Rzeszów 2018, p. 515-533

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitrator, arbitration award, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31984

Szumański Andrzej

Participation of Third Parties in the Preparation of an Arbitral Award and in the Determination of its Final Wording [Original title: Udział osób trzecich w przygotowaniu wyroku sądu arbitrażowego oraz nadaniu jego treści ostatecznego brzmienia]

Olszewski Jan, Błaszczak Łukasz, Morek Rafał (eds). Arbitraż i mediacja - perspektywy prywatnoprawna i publicznoprawna. Między teorią a praktyką. Księga pamiątkowa ku czci profesora Jana Łukasiewicza, Rzeszów 2018, p. 515-533

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitrator, arbitration award, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31984

Szumański Andrzej

Prohibition of Surprising the Parties with the Legal Grounds by the Court of Arbitration [Original title: Zakaz zaskakiwania podstawą rozstrzygnięcia przez sąd arbitrażowy] [in]: Piotr Kostański, Paweł Podrecki, Tomasz Targosz (ed). Experientia docet. A Commemorative Volume Dedicated to Professor Elżbieta Traple [Original title: Experientia docet. Księga jubileuszowa ofiarowana Pani Profesor Elżbiecie Traple]

Warsaw 2017, p. 1271-1282

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31945

Szumański Andrzej

Prohibition of Surprising the Parties with the Legal Grounds by the Court of Arbitration [Original title: Zakaz zaskakiwania podstawą rozstrzygnięcia przez sąd arbitrażowy] [in]: Piotr Kostański, Paweł Podrecki, Tomasz Targosz (ed). Experientia docet. A Commemorative Volume Dedicated to Professor Elżbieta Traple [Original title: Experientia docet. Księga jubileuszowa ofiarowana Pani Profesor Elżbiecie Traple]

Warsaw 2017, p. 1271-1282

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31945

Tomaszewski Maciej

2010 UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules [Original title: Regulamin Arbitrażowy UNCITRAL 2010]

Arbitration e-Review 2010, No. 3, p. 5-15

Key issues: general works, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 30945

Tomaszewski Maciej

Effectiveness of Legal Protection before Arbitration Courts. Polish Experience [Original title: Skuteczność ochrony prawnej przed sądami polubownymi. Doświadczenia polskie]

PS 2006, No. 1, p. 34-64

Key issues: state court assistance, arbitrator, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 30357

Tomaszewski Maciej

Legal Effects of an Arbitration Award [Original title: Skutki prawne wyroku sądu polubownego]

[in:] J. Gudowski, K. Weitz (ed.), Aurea praxis, aurea theoria. Księga pamiątkowa ku czci Profesora Tadeusza Erecińskiego, tom II [Aurea praxis, aurea theoria. A Commemorative Volume in Honour of Professor Tadeusz Ereciński, Vol. II], Warszawa 2011, p. 1899-1932

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 31028

Tyczka Mieczysław

The Essence of Arbitration Awards [Original title: Istota orzeczeń arbitrażowych]

Poznań 1965, pp. 467

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 30596

Tynel Andrzej

Commentary on the Warsaw Administrative Court Decision of 10.9.1997, I ACz 813/97 (re: Commercial Arbitration and Equal Treatment of Arbitration Awards and Common Court Judgements) [Original title: Glosa do postanowienia SA w Warszawie z dnia 10.9.1997 r., I ACz 813/97 (dot. arbitrażu handlowego, traktowania na równi wyroków sądów polubownych z wyrokami sądów powszechnych)]

PUG 1999, No. 3, p. 25-26

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 30365

Wach-Pawliczak Małgorzata

Exclusion of a Limited Liability Company Shareholder by an Arbitration Tribunal – Commentary – V ACz 1309/16 [Original title: Wyłączenie wspólnika ze spółki z ograniczoną odpowiedzialnością przez sąd arbitrażowy – glosa – V ACz 1309/16]

MoP 2017, No. 18, p. 998-1001

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31906

Wach-Pawliczak Małgorzata

Exclusion of a Limited Liability Company Shareholder by an Arbitration Tribunal – Commentary – V ACz 1309/16 [Original title: Wyłączenie wspólnika ze spółki z ograniczoną odpowiedzialnością przez sąd arbitrażowy – glosa – V ACz 1309/16]

MoP 2017, No. 18, p. 998-1001

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31906

Weitz Karol

Public Policy as a Ground for Setting Aside of an Arbitral Award in Courts’ Practice – Lecture by Karol Weitz and Discussion at the Meeting of Arbitrators, 21 October 2009 [Original title: Klauzula porządku publicznego jako podstawa uchylenia wyroku sądu polubownego na tle praktyki sądów (Wykład i dyskusja na Kolegium Arbitrów 21 października 2009 roku)]

Biul.Arb. 2010, No. 1, p. 13-18

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 30661

Wencek Maciej

An arbitral tribunal being bound by an award of another arbitral tribunal [Original title: Związanie sądu polubownego wyrokiem innego sądu polubownego]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2022, No. 1, p. 59-67

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 32269

Wętrys Ewelina

Application of the Principle of Res Judicata to Domestic Arbitral Awards under Polish Law

Arbitration Bulletin - Young Arbitration 2016, No. 24, p. 105-121

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 31561

Wętrys Ewelina

Application of the Rei Iudicata Principle to National Arbitral Awards under Polish Law [Original title: Zastosowanie zasady rei iudicatea do krajowych wyroków arbitrażowych według polskiego prawa]

Biul.Arb. - Młody Arbitraż 2015, No. 22, p. 139-153

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 31332

Więzowska-Czepiel Beata

Artificial Intelligence in arbitration – AI as an arbitrator? [Original title: Sztuczna inteligencja w arbitrażu - AI w roli arbitra?]

Studia Prawnicze. Rozprawy i Materiały 2020, No. 2, p. 133-150

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitrator, arbitrator, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32136

Więzowska-Czepiel Beata

Artificial Intelligence in arbitration – AI as an arbitrator? [Original title: Sztuczna inteligencja w arbitrażu - AI w roli arbitra?]

Studia Prawnicze. Rozprawy i Materiały 2020, No. 2, p. 133-150

Key issues: general works, general works, arbitrator, arbitrator, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 32136

Wiśniewski Andrzej W.

International Commercial Arbitration in Poland. The Legal Status of Arbitration and Arbitrators [Original title: Międzynarodowy arbitraż handlowy w Polsce. Status prawny arbitrażu i arbitrów]

Warszawa 2011, pp. 612

Key issues: New York Convention, general works, state court assistance, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31015

Wojas Jakub

The Institution of Arbitration in the Country of Cherry Blossoms [Original title: Instytucja arbitrażu w Kraju Kwitnącej Wiśni]

[in:] A. Garnuszek, L. Mazur, A. Orzeł (eds.), Quo Vadis, Arbitrażu? Quo Vadis, Arbitration?, Warszawa 2013, p. 624-644

Key issues: general works, state court assistance, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31234

Wolak-Danecka Anna

Arbitration in the Czech Republic [Original title: Arbitraż w Republice Czeskiej]

Biul. Arb. 2010-2011, No. 4, p. 71-81

Key issues: general works, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 30989

Wydra Łukasz

Principles of Equity as the Principles of Arbitration Proceeding [Original title: Zasady słuszności jako zasady postępowania przed sądem polubownym]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja, No. 1, p. 55-65

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31938

Wydra Łukasz

Principles of Equity as the Principles of Arbitration Proceeding [Original title: Zasady słuszności jako zasady postępowania przed sądem polubownym]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja, No. 1, p. 55-65

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31938

Wyraz Ewelina

Res Judicata: Differences between International Arbitration and Litigation

[in:] Alexander J. Bělohlávek, Naděžda Rozehnalová (eds.), Czech (& Central European) Yearbook of Arbitration 2015, Vol. V, Interaction of Arbitration and Courts, New York 2015, p. 237-252

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 31367

Wysocka Barbara

The Notion of Foreign Award in Commercial Arbitration and its Evolution [Original title: Pojęcie zagranicznego orzeczenia w arbitrażu handlowym i jego ewolucja]

PiP 1977, No. 6, p. 55-67

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 30569

Wysok Violetta

A Few Remarks on the New ICC Rules of Arbitration in Force from 1 January 2012 [Original title: Kilka uwag o nowym Regulaminie Arbitrażowym ICC obowiązującym od 1 stycznia 2012 roku]

[in:] M. Łaszczuk (chair), M. Furtek, S. Pieckowski, J. Poczobut, A. Szumański, M. Tomaszewski (eds.), Arbitration and Mediation. A Commemorative Volume Dedicated to Dr Andrzej Tynel [Arbitraż i mediacja. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana doktorowi Andrzejowi Tynelowi], Warszawa 2012, p. 688-697

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 31112

Zachariasiewicz Maciej

On the Admissibility of Foreign Arbitral Award Enforcement in the Event of an Erroneous Defendant Determination – the State Treasury. A Gloss to the Judgment of the Supreme Court of 17 July 2007, no III CZP 55/07 [Original title: Dopuszczalność wykonania zagranicznego wyroku arbitrażowego przy wadliwym oznaczeniu pozwanego - Skarbu Państwa. Glosa do postanowienia SN z dnia 17 lipca 2017 r., III CZP 55/07]

PPC 2019, No. 1, p. 89-107

Key issues: New York Convention, New York Convention, general works, general works, state court assistance, state court assistance, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 31994

Zachariasiewicz Maciej

On the Admissibility of Foreign Arbitral Award Enforcement in the Event of an Erroneous Defendant Determination – the State Treasury. A Gloss to the Judgment of the Supreme Court of 17 July 2007, no III CZP 55/07 [Original title: Dopuszczalność wykonania zagranicznego wyroku arbitrażowego przy wadliwym oznaczeniu pozwanego - Skarbu Państwa. Glosa do postanowienia SN z dnia 17 lipca 2017 r., III CZP 55/07]

PPC 2019, No. 1, p. 89-107

Key issues: New York Convention, New York Convention, general works, general works, state court assistance, state court assistance, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 31994

Zachariasiewicz Maciej

The Law Applicable to the Effects of an Arbitral Award [Original title: Prawo właściwe dla skutków orzeczenia arbitrażowego]

Arbitration e-Review 2014, No. 3-4, p. 41-61

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31355

Zakrzewski Rafał

Declaratory Relief in Litigation and Arbitration in England and Wales

e-Przegląd Arbitrażowy 2017, No. 1-2, p. 12-15

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31913

Zakrzewski Rafał

Declaratory Relief in Litigation and Arbitration in England and Wales

e-Przegląd Arbitrażowy 2017, No. 1-2, p. 12-15

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31913

Zawiślak Karol

Admissibility of the Institution of Truncated Arbitral Tribunals – Comments in the Light of Polish Arbitration Law [Original title: Dopuszczalność stosowania instytucji kadłubowych zespołów orzekających – uwagi na tle polskiego prawa arbitrażowego]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja, No. 1, p. 67-84

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31939

Zawiślak Karol

Admissibility of the Institution of Truncated Arbitral Tribunals – Comments in the Light of Polish Arbitration Law [Original title: Dopuszczalność stosowania instytucji kadłubowych zespołów orzekających – uwagi na tle polskiego prawa arbitrażowego]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja, No. 1, p. 67-84

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31939

Zielony Andrzej

Introduction of an Arbitration Award to the Domestic Legal System on the Example of Selected Foreign Legal Systems [Original title: Wprowadzanie wyroku sądu polubownego do krajowego porządku prawnego na przykładzie wybranych obcych systemów prawnych]

[in:] J. Gudowski, K. Weitz (ed.), Aurea praxis, aurea theoria. Księga pamiątkowa ku czci Profesora Tadeusza Erecińskiego, tom II [Aurea praxis, aurea theoria. A Commemorative Volume in Honour of Professor Tadeusz Ereciński, Vol. II], Warszawa 2011, p. 2005-2080

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 31031

Zielony Andrzej

Legal Substance of Arbitration Court Judgments [Original title: Istota prawna wyroku sądu polubownego]

PPC 2011, No. 1, p. 46-78

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 30978

Zielony Andrzej

Rectification and Remission Proceedings for an Arbitration Award [Original title: Postępowanie rektyfikacyjne i remisyjne dotyczące wyroku sądu polubownego]

PS 2007, No. 3, p. 25-55

Key issues: arbitration award

id: 30710

Zrałek Jacek

Significance of the Place of Arbitration in the Era of Globalisation of Arbitration Proceedings [Original title: Znaczenie miejsca arbitrażu w erze globalizacji postępowania arbitrażowego]

Warsaw 2017, pp. 242

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31919

Zrałek Jacek

Significance of the Place of Arbitration in the Era of Globalisation of Arbitration Proceedings [Original title: Znaczenie miejsca arbitrażu w erze globalizacji postępowania arbitrażowego]

Warsaw 2017, pp. 242

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award

id: 31919

Zych Maciej

Law applicable to the merits of dispute in international commercial arbitration under Art. 1194 of the (Polish) Code of Civil Procedure [Original title: Prawo właściwe dla meritum sporu w międzynarodowym arbitrażu handlowym na gruncie art. 1194 k.p.c.]

PPH 2016, No. 11, p. 37-46

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31796

Zych Maciej

Law applicable to the merits of dispute in international commercial arbitration under Art. 1194 of the (Polish) Code of Civil Procedure [Original title: Prawo właściwe dla meritum sporu w międzynarodowym arbitrażu handlowym na gruncie art. 1194 k.p.c.]

PPH 2016, No. 11, p. 37-46

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration procedure, arbitration award, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 31796

Żelasko Magdalena

Substantive Law Basis of the Awards Passed by Arbitration Courts [Original title: Podstawa materialno prawna wyroku sądu arbitrażowego]

[in:] J. Olszewski, B. Fuchs (eds.), Arbitration. Between Theory and Practice [Arbitraż. Między teorią a praktyką], Rzeszów 2014, p. 46-54

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 31383

Błaszczak Łukasz

A Non-Existing Arbitration Award in the Proceedings for Recognition and Enforcement (Selected Issues) [Original title: Wyrok arbitrażowy nieistniejący w postępowaniu o uznanie i stwierdzenie wykonalności (wybrane zagadnienia)]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2009, No. 1 (5)

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 50048

Bodnar Adam, Ploszka Adam

The Influence of the European Convention on Human Rights on Amicable Proceedings (Arbitration) [Original title: Wpływ Europejskiej Konwencji Praw Człowieka na postępowanie polubowne (arbitraż)]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2013, No. 3 (23)

Key issues: arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 50242

Chojecki Paweł, Marcisz Paweł

Prerequisites for and Consequences of Performance of an Arbitration Award [Original title: Przesłanki i skutki wstrzymania wykonania wyroku arbitrażowego]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2012, No. 3 (19)

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 50200

Gil Piotr

Arbitration Agreement in Public Procurement Agreements [Original title: Zapis na sąd polubowny w umowach o wykonanie zamówienia publicznego]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2011, No. 4 (16)

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 50166

Janus Piotr

Functioning of the Court of Arbitration at the Chamber of Commerce in Opole in the Context of its Regulations [Original title: Funkcjonowanie Sądu Arbitrażowego przy Opolskiej Izbie Gospodarczej w świetle jego regulaminu]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2012, No. 3 (19)

Key issues: general works, arbitrator, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 50203

Kamieniecka Dorota

Civil Mediators’ Association in Wieluń [Original title: Stowarzyszenie Mediatorów Cywilnych w Wieluniu]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2013, No. 3 (23)

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitration award, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitrator, general works, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, settlement before arbitral tribunal, state court assistance

id: 50249

Muliński Maciej

Domestic Enforcement Titles Issued in Mediation Proceedings and Arbitration Proceedings [Original title: Krajowe tytuły egzekucyjne powstające w postępowaniu mediacyjnym oraz w postępowaniu przed sądem polubownym (arbitrażowym)]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2008, No. 1 (1)

Key issues: settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 50005

Ryszkowski Karol

Adjudication on the Basis of the Principles of Equity Before an Arbitration Court - Summum Ius Summa Iniuria? [Original title: Orzekanie na zasadach słuszności w postępowaniu przed sądem arbitrażowym - summum ius summa iniuria?]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2011, No. 1 (13)

Key issues: arbitration procedure, arbitration award

id: 50129

Sadowski Wojciech

Court Control over Arbitration Awards in Investment Disputes [Original title: Sądowa kontrola wyroków arbitrażowych w sporach inwestycyjnych]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2009, No. 2 (6)

Key issues: investment arbitration, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 50061

Sorysz Mariusz

Granting of an Enforceability Clause to an Arbitration Award and Arbitration Settlement - Selected Issues [Original title: Nadanie klauzuli wykonalności wyrokowi i ugodzie sądu polubownego - zagadnienia wybrane]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2011, No. 4 (16)

Key issues: settlement before arbitral tribunal, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award

id: 50167

Szczęśniak Alicja

Domestic Jurisdiction of a State Court for Ruling in Proceedings Initiated by a Petition to Set Aside Arbitration Award [Original title: Jurysdykcja krajowa sądu państwowego do orzekania w postępowaniu wszczętym skargą o uchylenie wyroku sądu polubownego]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2013, No. 3 (23)

Key issues: arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award

id: 50246

Szpara Justyna

Place where the Award Was Made and Place of Arbitration (in the Context of Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitration Awards) [Original title: Miejsce wydania wyroku a miejsce arbitrażu (w kontekście uznawania i wykonywania zagranicznych orzeczeń arbitrażowych]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2009, No. 2 (6)

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 50065

Wiśniewski Andrzej W.

Arbitration and the State Court: Scope of Adjudicating Competence [Original title: Arbitraż a sąd państwowy: zakres kompetencji orzeczniczej]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2008, No. 4 (4)

Key issues: arbitration agreement, arbitration award

id: 50043

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