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New York Convention

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All documents for the issue: 99

Case law: 19 | Bibliography: 77 | Publications ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja: 3

Supreme Court of Poland order dated 4 April 2019 Case No. III CSK 81/17

1. [T]he concept of an ‘agreement in writing’, whereunder parties undertake to refer a dispute to arbitration, has been explained as meaning both an arbitration clause contained in a contract (i.e. relating to disputes which may arise in the future) as well as a compromise, i.e. an agreement to refer a dispute to arbitration concluded after a dispute has arisen.

2. [D]evelopment of means of distance communication results in acceptance of the viewpoint that the intent of Art. II (2) sentence 2 of the New York Convention is fulfilled also if a declaration of will is made by new technical methods, including an exchange of e-mails or faxes. In any of these situations, however, two requirements need to be fulfilled. Firstly, since we are dealing with a contract, it is necessary for each of the parties to clearly express its will to refer the dispute to arbitration, which is tantamount to acceptance of exclusion of a case from jurisdiction of a state court. Secondly, mutual acceptance of the idea to refer a dispute to arbitration is not sufficient. It is necessary for the parties to make a declaration of will in a way that fulfils the requirement of written form within the meaning of Art. II (2) sentence 2 of the New York Convention.  

3. To conclude an ‘agreement in writing’ within the meaning of Art. II of the New York Convention it would be also necessary in the situation at hand to make another declaration, whose content would express the will of the contractor agreeing to having a case recognized by an arbitration court. Only then it could be possible to say that was ‘an exchange of letters or telegrams’ (also faxes, e-mails, etc.) within the meaning of Art. II (2) sentence 2 of the New York Convention, understood as documents referring or corresponding to each other and containing consistent declarations of will of the parties to refer a dispute to arbitration. This criterion is not fulfilled, if the parties correspond with each other about matters related to the contract, but from the content of this correspondence it does not follow that an ‘exchange’ took place within the meaning of Art. II (2) sentence 2 of the New York Convention, so an ‘exchange’ of declarations concerning establishment of jurisdiction of an arbitration court.

4. [C]onclusion of an ‘agreement in writing’ or making an arbitration agreement is always a subject to assessment by an arbitration tribunal or a state court which decides on its jurisdiction or lack of jurisdiction to hear the case.

5. Effective reliance on the grounds for application of Art. 1162 § 2 sentence 2 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code is (…) possible only if a contract is concluded with respect to which a dispute may arise, i.e. the so-called main contract (…). 

6. [T]o effectively rely on existence of an arbitration clause, it is not sufficient for the contractor  to challenge the conclusion of the main contract (for example, a sales contract) in which reference is made to the arbitration agreement contained in another document. The issue of existence of the arbitration agreement always requires a separate assessment and a decision on the validity and effectiveness of the arbitration clause.

7. Competence of an arbitration tribunal to settle a dispute results from the will of the parties. This will should be (in legal categories, i.e. terms of assignability  of the declaration) unquestionable (…).

Data wydania: 04-04-2019 | Sygnatura: III CSK 81/17

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitrability of dispute, arbitration agreement, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal

id: 20533

Order of the Supreme Court of Poland dated 27 March 2019 Case No. V CSK 107/18

1. The Court of Appeal shall rule on the enforcement of an arbitration award using provisions on appeal (Art. 12131 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code) and an order of the court of the second instance on enforcement of an arbitral award issued abroad shall be subject to a cassation appeal (Art. 1215 § 3 of the PCPC).

2. An application for declaration of enforceability in the form of granting of an enforcement clause to an arbitration award may be filed by a legal successor of a beneficiary of the arbitration award, if the beneficiary for the first time launches the procedure of incorporation of such an award to the domestic legal order (…). Jurisdiction of the court ruling in such a case is extended to include examination of the prerequisites from Art. 1214 § 3 and 1215 § 2 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code and legal succession (Art. 788 of the PCPC).

3. Article 788 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code applies to both court and out-of-court executive titles, including an arbitration awards which, after being declared enforceable by a court, have the same legal validity as a state court judgment (Art. 1212 § 1 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code).

4. [A]rbitration awards can be declared enforceable only one time.

5. Arbitration award is not an executive title (Art. 777 § 1 of the Polish Civil Procedure Code (…)). When a court declares it enforceable, such an award has the same legal validity as a court judgment (Art. 1212 § 1 of the PCPC) and becomes a writ of enforcement (Art. 1214 § 2 of the PCPC). An arbitration award which has been declared enforceable shall have such binding power as court judgments in force (Art. 365 of the PCPC) and shall have the force of res iudicata (Art. 366 of the PCPC). Such a writ of enforcement may be granted an enforcement clause as a result of a transfer of rights (Art. 788 of the PCPC) provided that the applicant is a legal successor of the person who obtained the writ of enforcement and the applicant proves legal succession with an official document or with a private document with an officially certified signature.

6. Neither legitimacy of a claim nor an obligation of a debtor resulting from an execution title to provide is not examined in the proceedings concerning enforcement of a foreign arbitration award (…).

Data wydania: 27-03-2019 | Sygnatura: V CSK 107/18

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20527

Supreme Court of Poland order dated 21 March 2019 Case No. II CSK 65/18

1. [T]he reasons for refusal of recognition or enforcement of a foreign arbitration award, referred to in Art. V (1) of the New York Convention, are taken into account only upon request of a party seeking refusal of recognition or enforcement of an award. This follows expressly from the wording of the New York Convention (…).

2. [I]t is impossible to assume that a simple reference to the circumstances referred to in Art. V (1) of the New York Convention, considered only at the request of a party could be decisive for recognition or enforcement of an award being in contradiction to the public policy clause, i.e. the circumstance considered ex officio in the light of Art. V (2) letter b of the New York Convention.   

3. All persons who participated in the foreign proceedings as a party or as a participant take part in the proceedings for recognition of a foreign arbitration award, and an exception to this rule can be only accepted when an application for recognition of a foreign award concerns a part of the award which does not apply to all parties or participants. Despite a change of the provisions regulating recognition of foreign arbitration awards, it needs to be considered that the stance of the Polish Supreme Court presented in the aforementioned ruling [I CSK 330/06] remains valid.

Data wydania: 21-03-2019 | Sygnatura: II CSK 65/18

Key issues: New York Convention, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20539

Order of the Supreme Court of Poland dated 28 November 2018 Case No. III CSK 406/16

1. [A]n appeal against a court order concerning recognition of a foreign arbitration award is decided at a hearing in camera.

2. [A]n application concerning enforcement of a foreign arbitration award by granting of an enforcement clause, as well as an appeal against this order shall be decided by courts at hearings in camera (…).

3. [I]t shall be assumed that when Art. 1215 § 1 of the PCPC indicates the court which “rules after conducting a hearing”, this means, similarly as in the case of the preceding Art. 1214 § 1 of the PCPC, only the court of first instance. This conclusion is supported by the provisions of Art. 1158 § 1 of the PCPC.

4, In view of (…) the thesis that a party which entered into a dispute before a foreign arbitral tribunal cannot claim in the proceedings for enforcement of the award of this foreign arbitral tribunal that an arbitration agreement does not exist, it should be noted, above all, that the Court of second instance (…) has failed to apply this sanction to the participant of the proceedings. Nevertheless, it must be taken into consideration that the doctrine and case law (…) approve of such a position, although the New York Convention does not provide for the preclusion of a pleading of an arbitration agreement. In its reasoning it is emphasized that the essence of the New York Convention is to make the parties act in accordance with the principles of good faith and with the public decency, and thus the parties are prohibited from acting contrary to these principles. This interpretation makes it impossible to take disloyal actions against co-participants and the arbitral tribunal. However, it should be born in mind at all times that the presented view concerns preclusion of pleadings which the application’s opponent had failed to raise in the deliberative proceedings before the arbitral tribunal. If the pleading of non-existence or invalidity of an arbitration agreement was raised before a foreign arbitral tribunal, a party to the proceedings may still effectively invoke this pleading in the proceedings concerning enforcement of the arbitration award in Poland. This opportunity is not taken away, if the arbitral award has not been challenged before the courts of its origin, which is optional in the light of the New York Convention.

5. Although this does not follow directly from the wording of Art. V (1) letter a in fine of the New York Convention, this provision shall be applied not only if an arbitration agreement is concluded, but is invalid. This provision shall also be applied in the situation when there is no arbitration agreement (no arbitration agreement has been concluded).

6. [I]t is assumed that a ‘written form’ includes also documents exchanged by means of distance communication. Although the provisions of the New York Convention done in 1958 do not expressly indicate other forms of distance communication, a teleprinter, a telefax and forms of electronic communication, including e-mails, are treated in the doctrine equally to a telegram, if they result in automatic written record of the transmitted text. An electronic signature is not required to exchange electronic correspondence. It is permissible to conclude an arbitration agreement also in the ‘ordinary’ electronic form, which does not require an electronic signature verifiable by a valid qualified certificate (…).

7. It is impossible to conclude an arbitration agreement either tacitly or implicitly, as the written form is required.

8. An arbitration agreement is not a provision of an obligatory agreement, even if this agreement has the form of a clause in the ‘main’ contract, and therefore its effectiveness is considered autonomously.

9. [A]ssessment of the validity and efficiency of an authorisation to conclude an arbitration agreement shall be made autonomously, i.e. regardless of the assessment of existence of the entitlement of the attorney-in-fact to perform a legal act which is the source of the legal relation on the basis whereof disputes may be subjected to the competence of the arbitral tribunal.

Data wydania: 28-11-2018 | Sygnatura: III CSK 406/16

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration agreement, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20530

Katowice Court of Appeal order dated 4 September 2017 Case No. V ACo 11/17

1. From Art. II of the New York Convention it follows that recognition of an agreement as being in writing is not conditional upon a handwritten signature, which – according to Art. 78 § 1 of the Polish Civil Code – is an obligatory element of the written form of a legal act in the national legal order . Art. II (2) of the New York Convention stipulates that an agreement in writing means not only a contract with an arbitral clause contained therein or a compromise, but also an agreement concluded not only by means of an exchange of letters which can be (but do not have to be) signed but also by means of an exchange of telegrams, which do not contain the handwritten signature. In this light, it is undoubtedly important that a relevant contractual provision concerning the arbitration clause should be included in the document containing the content recorded in writing, which enables to determine who made the statement contained therein, so that the other party can get familiar therewith as a result of exchange of the documents.

2. Art. V (1) of the New York Convention stipulates that recognition and enforcement of the award may be refused, at the request of the party against whom it is invoked, only if that party furnishes to the competent authority where the recognition and enforcement is sought, proof that: a) the parties to the agreement referred to in Article II were, under the law applicable to them, under some incapacity, or the said agreement is not valid under the law to which the parties have subjected it or, failing any indication thereon, under the law of the country where the award was made; or b) the party against whom the award is invoked was not given proper notice of the appointment of the arbitrator or of the arbitration proceedings or was otherwise unable to present his case; or c) the award deals with a difference not contemplated by or not falling within the terms of the submission to arbitration, or it contains decisions on matters beyond the scope of the submission to arbitration, provided that, if the decisions on matters submitted to arbitration can be separated from those not so submitted, that part of the award which contains decisions on matters submitted to arbitration may be recognized or enforced; or d) the composition of the arbitral authority or the arbitral procedure was not in accordance with the agreement of the parties, or, failing such agreement, was not in accordance with the law of the country where the arbitration took place; or e) the award has not yet become binding on the parties, or has been set aside or suspended by a competent authority of the country in which, or under the law of which, that award was made.

3. Pursuant to Art. V (2) of the New York Convention, recognition and enforcement of an arbitral award may also be refused if the competent authority in the country where recognition and enforcement is sought finds that: a) the subject matter of the difference is not capable of settlement by arbitration under the law of that country; or b) the recognition or enforcement of the award would be contrary to the public policy of that country.

4. As regards the public policy clause (…). In the case law of the Polish Supreme Court it was explained that with respect to this issue the views of the judicature concerning the fundamental principles of the legal order, which are currently stipulated in Art. 1214 § 3 (2) of the PCPC, apply. These are therefore the principles arising out of the Constitution and the principles governing particular fields of law, a violation whereof is incompatible with the very concept of a specific legal institution in Poland, not just with particular provisions regulating the same institution in the country of origin of the arbitration award and in Poland as the state of enforcement of this award (…). This leads to the conclusion that in the proceedings concerning enforcement of the arbitration award, its substantive control is not allowed (…).

Data wydania: 04-09-2017 | Sygnatura: V ACo 11/17

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration agreement, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20564

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 4 December 2015 Case No. I CSK 26/15

The concept of “public policy” is included in numerous provisions of Polish public law. This concept under the New York Convention corresponds to the concept of “fundamental principles of the legal order” included in a dozen or more provisions of Polish law. Fundamental principles of the legal order constituting grounds for evaluating an arbitration award should be understood to mean not only constitutional norms, but also the principal norms in specific fields of law.

Data wydania: 04-12-2015 | Sygnatura: I CSK 26/15

Key issues: New York Convention, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20408

Judgment of the Court of Justice of 13 May 2015, C-536/13, Gazprom

Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters must be interpreted as not precluding a court of a Member State from recognising and enforcing, or from refusing to recognise and enforce, an arbitral award prohibiting a party from bringing certain claims before a court of that Member State, since that regulation does not govern the recognition and enforcement, in a Member State, of an arbitral award issued by an arbitral tribunal in another Member State.

Data wydania: 13-05-2015 | Sygnatura: C-536/13

Key issues: New York Convention, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20392

Supreme Court of Poland order dated 23 January 2015 Case No. V CSK 672/13

1. Interpretations of Art. IV of the New York Convention must reflect its functional connection with Art. II of the convention, which specifies the requirements for an agreement including an arbitration clause. Art. II(2) of the New York Convention provides that an “agreement in writing” for purposes of Art. I(1) [sic—Art. II(1)] shall include an arbitral clause in a contract or an arbitration agreement for example in the form of an exchange of letters or telegrams. It is beyond dispute that Art. II(2) of the New York Convention contains an autonomous regulation of arbitration agreements. It is commonly accepted in the case law and commentaries that the wording of Art. II(2) of the New York Convention calls for a liberal understanding of the concept of an “agreement in writing” as the requirement for effectiveness of an arbitration clause, and requires an acceptance that the parties have freedom with respect to selection of the form of the agreement in which they submit to the jurisdiction of the arbitration court. It is thus possible to conclude such agreement also using means of reaching agreement at a distance, e.g. by an exchange of faxes or statements by email. Following this line, the view that is aptly presented in the commentaries is that the applicant fulfils the requirement of submission of the agreement in the original if it files a document which constitutes evidence of conclusion of the specific agreement, regardless of its form. Thus it is obvious that to evaluate whether the applicant has filed the required document concerning the agreement containing the arbitration clause, it was necessary to determine whether the form of the document is consistent with the manner in which the agreement was concluded. Written form of the agreement is not excluded, for example, if the respondent in the proceeding sent a fax of the text of the agreement signed by it, and the applicant placed its signature on that.

2. A condition of recognition or enforcement of an arbitration award should be the existence of the arbitration agreement, and not submission of a document confirming its conclusion. For this reason the position is also presented that the applicant’s failure to submit the agreement referred to in Art. IV of the New York Convention does not prevent granting the application if the existence of the clause for arbitration before a foreign arbitration court is undisputed.

Data wydania: 23-01-2015 | Sygnatura: V CSK 672/13

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration agreement, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20393

Gdańsk Appellate Court order dated 11 February 2014 Case No. I ACz 1475/13

1. Because the [New York] Convention exhaustively governs the grounds for recognition and enforcement of a foreign arbitration award (Art. V of the Convention), the Polish court may not resort to Art. 1215 § 2 in connection with Art. 1214 § 3 (2) of the Civil Procedure Code.

2. The arbitrator’s and counsel’s membership in the same barristers’ chambers does not automatically constitute a source of a conflict of interest but should be considered on a case-by-case basis.

3. In a proceeding for enforcement of a foreign arbitration award, the public policy clause cannot take the place of the procedure for appointment of an arbitrator which the party to the arbitration proceeding declined to follow and which served to reduce the risk of abuse of non-meritorious objections concerning the independence and impartiality of the arbitrator after the completion of the arbitration proceeding.

Data wydania: 11-02-2014 | Sygnatura: I ACz 1475/13

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitrator, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20190

Polish Supreme Court order dated 23 January 2013 Case No. I CSK 186/12

1. Pursuant to Civil Procedure Code Art. 1215 §1, the court shall rule on recognition or enforcement of an arbitration award issued abroad or a settlement concluded before an arbitration court abroad after conducting a hearing. This provision confirms the rule provided for adversarial proceedings in Civil Procedure Code Art. 148 §1 that cases are considered at a hearing. A departure from this rule should be interpreted narrowly. Therefore, if a provision specifies the type of cases that are considered at a hearing, this method of consideration applies regardless of whether the court upholds the claim (or application) or denies it.

2. The [New York] Convention sets forth the material conditions for recognition (primarily in Art. IV and V), and therefore a proceeding for recognition of a foreign arbitration award should be conducted primarily in accordance with the provisions set forth in the Convention, and on the basis of the Civil Procedure Code in other respects not governed there.

3. The requirements with respect to the form of conclusion of an arbitration agreement should be assessed according to the [New York] Convention, and not according to Civil Procedure Code Art. 1162.

4. A liberal interpretation of [New York Convention Art. II(2)] is accepted in practice, recognizing that the enumeration therein of methods of concluding an agreement is not exhaustive, but also includes other techniques used for reaching agreement at a distance.

5. It should be accepted that the law of the state in which an arbitration award was issued should decide on the issue of certification of the contents of the award.

6. The view that failure to enclose the documents specified in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1213 with an application for recognition does not constitute a formal defect that is subject to supplementation pursuant to Civil Procedure Code Art. 130 §1 in connection with Art. 13 §2 is incorrect.

7. The respondent was not named in the arbitration award, but only the business name under which he trades was stated. The correctness and effectiveness of such identification should be decided by the law of the state of origin of the award.

Data wydania: 23-01-2013 | Sygnatura: I CSK 186/12

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration agreement, arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20269

Katowice Court of Appeal order dated 12 December 2012 Case No. V ACz 914/12

1. The ineffectiveness of an arbitration clause results from events arising after the clause is made which nonetheless do not affect its validity. It must be stressed in this respect that the arbitration clause itself is treated as an act of a dual nature, that is, of both substantive and procedural law. This leads to the conclusion that when making an arbitration clause, the parties can condition its effectiveness, as with any other contract, on the passage of a certain time or fulfilment of a certain suspensory condition. The Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of [Foreign] Arbitral Awards, in particular Art. II, does not provide for limitations in this respect. On the contrary, Art. II(2) indicates a broad interpretation of the concept of “agreement in writing under which the parties undertake to submit to arbitration all or any differences”, which justifies the conclusion that this wording is not infringed by introduction into the agreement of regulations prior to the arbitration proceeding.

2. The essence of the New York Convention is the requirement for the parties to proceed in accordance with good faith and fair practice, and thus a prohibition against acting contrary to these principles. This interpretation stands in the way of actions disloyal to the other participants and the arbitration court, and deprives of justification objections by a party to the proceeding of the non-existence or invalidity of the arbitration clause in a proceeding for recognition or enforcement of an arbitration award in Poland, even though preclusion of such an objection is not expressly provided for in the regulations of the convention, if the party joined issue on the merits of the dispute before the arbitration court without asserting the court’s lack of jurisdiction.

Data wydania: 12-12-2012 | Sygnatura: V ACz 914/12

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration agreement, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20414

Polish Supreme Court order dated 13 September 2012 Case No. V CSK 323/11

1. A proceeding for recognition and enforcement of foreign rulings is a proceeding on the merits of the case, which is based on substantive law…. The court of appeal could therefore apply the law of the [New York] Convention as the applicable substantive law.

2. Art. II(2) [of the New York Convention] is more liberal, also permitting conclusion of an arbitration clause by electronic means, even without the signatures of the parties. This is also a fundamental provision, determining the permissible form of the agreement, while the requirements connected with submission of the arbitration agreement included in Art. IV( 1) should be considered in light of the form in which the agreement could be concluded. Consequently, Art. IV is derivative in nature and thus cannot undermine the rationale of the rule set forth in Art. II of the convention.

3. A party which joined issue on the merits of the dispute before the arbitration court without alleging the lack of jurisdiction of such court (e.g. because of the ineffectiveness of the clause) loses such allegation in the proceeding for recognition or enforcement of the arbitration award before the national court. … The essence of the New York Convention is a requirement for the parties to act in accordance with principles of good faith and fair dealing, and hence a prohibition against acting in violation of such principles. Such interpretation frustrates actions disloyal to the other parties and the arbitration court, causing unnecessary costs and a waste of time. There is no concern in this respect that the party’s procedural rights will be limited, because the party decides on the arbitration clause autonomously.

Data wydania: 13-09-2012 | Sygnatura: V CSK 323/11

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration agreement, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20270

Warsaw Appellate Court order dated 18 October 2011 Case No. I ACz 1627/11

1. Although the court ruling on an application for enforcement of an arbitration award is not bound in any respect by the ruling of the Vienna Commercial Court in the action to set aside the arbitration award, it must not be ignored that the New York Convention provides grounds for the domestic court deciding on enforcement of a foreign arbitration award to consider, upon application of a party, a ruling setting aside the arbitration award as grounds to refuse enforcement of the award.

2. If a proceeding to set aside or stay enforcement of an arbitration award is only pending, that does not justify refusal to issue or confirm the enforceability of the award, but may justify postponing a decision on the matter.

Data wydania: 18-10-2011 | Sygnatura: I ACz 1627/11

Key issues: New York Convention, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20367

Polish Supreme Court order dated 6 November 2009 Case No. I CSK 159/09

1. Whether a given ruling of a foreign court may be legally relevant cannot be determined in advance at the time of recognition. Thus it cannot be anticipated what effects the ruling might have or in what circumstances a given entity might rely on it in the future. Thus the petitioner is right in asserting that Civil Procedure Code Art. 1145 §1 does not provide grounds to refuse recognition of a ruling by a foreign court only because in the view of the court where recognition is sought it will not exert legal effects in Poland.

2. If the petitioner [seeking recognition] appeared as a party in a proceeding before an Austrian court, it not only has a legal interest to have standing in the recognition proceeding before the Polish court, but such interest also means that if the grounds set forth in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1146 do not exist, it may obtain recognition of the award as effective in Poland.

3. A ruling denying a petition to set aside an arbitration award, formally speaking, is a merits decision and not only procedural. Such rulings thus, as a rule, are capable of recognition. It should be pointed out, however, that the dispute between the parties on the merits was resolved by the arbitration court, acting on the basis of the intent of the parties as expressed in the arbitration clause. The judgment in a proceeding to set aside an arbitration award is therefore only a resolution with respect to the state’s exercise of oversight of arbitration rulings.

4. A judgment by a domestic court issued in a proceeding upon a petition to set aside an arbitration award must be taken into consideration in a proceeding seeking recognition of a foreign arbitration award only when permitted by the provisions governing such proceeding. As grounds for denial of recognition, the Civil Procedure Code and the New York Convention provide only for the court in the country deciding on recognition of a foreign arbitration award to consider, upon motion of a party, a judgment setting aside the arbitration award.

5. Given the specific nature of an arbitration award, which is issued based on the intent of the parties, and the function performed by a foreign court that denies a petition to set aside an arbitration award, there is no legal basis for recognition of such judgment by the foreign court, which essentially involves only oversight and not the merits. The connection between such judgment by a foreign court and the arbitration award, and thus the not entirely independent nature of the judgment, is primarily a barrier to treating the judgment as a ruling that may be recognized in Poland under Civil Procedure Code Art. 1145 §1.

Data wydania: 06-11-2009 | Sygnatura: I CSK 159/09

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20298

Polish Supreme Court order dated 22 February 2007 Case No. IV CSK 200/06

1. If a proceeding in which Civil Procedure Code Art. 1162 §2 may be applicable was commenced after entry into force of the amending act, then under Art. 2 [of the Act dated 28 July 2005 Amending the Civil Procedure Code] it is permissible to apply it, and the complex nature of an arbitration clause, combining properties of a substantive and a procedural legal agreement, does not prevent application of the interim regulation set forth in the code. Art. 2, being later and specific, excludes Art. XV §2 of the Regulations Introducing the Civil Procedure Code and the prohibition on retroactive application of the law set forth in Art. XXVI of the Regulations Introducing the Civil Code (Act dated 23 April 1964, Journal of Laws Dz.U. No. 16 item 94, as amended).

2. The constitutional order of priority of legal acts (Polish Constitution Art. 91(1)) requires an assessment of requirements as to form first and foremost under the New York Convention, which sets forth in Art. II (1) and (2) the requirement of written form, understood broadly to include an exchange of letters or telegrams.

3. An arbitration agreement that is dependent on an election left up to the professional, the defendant company, without indicating the rules on which the decisions of the American Arbitration Association are based, imposing on the customer foreign law that differs substantially from European law, additional difficulties in enforcing claims because of the different system of law, distance and costs, and the commonly known difficulties in obtaining a visitor’s visa to the United States, creates a situation that must be regarded as an impermissible clause for purposes of Directive 93/13 (EEC). The arbitration clause imposed on the plaintiff constitutes an impermissible contract clause which results in a situation inconsistent with Art. 6(2) of the directive and justifies renunciation of the obligation to submit the case to arbitration.

4. An interpretation of [New York Convention] Art. II (1) and (2) does not allow for the conclusion that conclusion of an agreement in an implicit manner meets the requirement for ordinary written form, without departing from the sense of the rule. Nor is there any reason for finding that acceptance of content on a website is in written form, particularly since the convention is silent on specific issues, i.e. concerning the time, place and manner of acceptance of a form available on the Internet.

5. According to [Civil Procedure Code Art. 1162 §2], the form of an arbitration clause is fulfilled also when the clause is included in correspondence or statements submitted using telecommunications in a manner that enables the content to be fixed, or a written agreement incorporating a separate document containing a provision on submission of a dispute to resolution by an arbitration court. Entering a webpage containing a form of agreement addressed to an indefinite set of readers, and online confirmation of one’s intent to conclude an agreement, does not constitute a declaration enabling the content to be fixed. In particular, a factual computer action of “confirmation,” unlike a typical electronic signature of basic, i.e. lower reliability, does not provide a basis for identifying or reconstructing the content of the declaration. This requirement would be fulfilled, however, by a declaration transmitted by e-mail enabling identification of the sender.

Data wydania: 22-02-2007 | Sygnatura: IV CSK 200/06

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration agreement

id: 20235

Polish Supreme Court order dated 18 January 2007 Case No. I CSK 330/06

1. The fact that the New York Convention defines “substantive” grounds for recognition ... does not change the fact that a proceeding for recognition of a foreign arbitration award must be conducted in accordance with the regulations governing the course of such proceedings, set forth partially in the convention and otherwise in the Civil Procedure Code (Art. 1145–1149, excluding Art. 1146, concerning grounds for recognition, and regulations concerning trials under Art. 13 §2). In terms of the grounds for cassation, it should be concluded that allegations concerning violation of “substantive” conditions for recognition should be asserted under the first ground for cassation (Civil Procedure Code Art. 3983 §1(1) in connection with Art. 13 §2).

2. A proceeding for recognition of a foreign ruling is a specific type of judicial proceeding generally taking a bilateral form. Those who must participate in the proceeding, apart from the movant, whose source of standing to bring suit is a legal interest (Civil Procedure Code Art. 1147 §1), include all of the persons taking part in the foreign proceeding as a party or respondent, as they are subject to the substantive legal finality of the ruling; then they have standing to be sued. This applies respectively to any legal successors of such persons if they are subject to the substantive legal finality of the ruling undergoing recognition. An exception from this rule may be allowed only in a situation in which the motion for recognition of the foreign ruling would concern part of the decision set forth in the ruling and the part does not refer to all the parties or respondents. In such case, it should be found that participation in the proceeding for recognition is necessary only for the parties or respondents in the foreign proceeding affected by the part of the ruling that is included in the motion for recognition.

3. Regulations concerning trials apply as relevant to a proceeding for recognition of a foreign ruling (Civil Procedure Code Art. 13 §2). The specific nature of such proceeding consists in the fact that it does not decide on the rights and obligations of the parties, but whether the ruling issued abroad is to be effective in Poland. For this reasons regulations concerning principal and auxiliary intervention cannot be applicable.

Data wydania: 18-01-2007 | Sygnatura: I CSK 330/06

Key issues: New York Convention, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 20234

Polish Supreme Court order dated 3 November 2004 (Case No. III CK 510/03)

1. An agreement to submit a dispute to an arbitration court for resolution is a form of evidence because it demonstrates that the parties are subject to an arbitration clause under which an arbitration award was issued, and one of the conditions for enforcement of a foreign arbitration award is for the movant to demonstrate that the parties were bound by such an agreement.

2. If a specific provision imposes on a given person an obligation to present documents as evidence, there is no justification for applying Civil Procedure Code Art. 248. For this reason, Art. 248 does not apply in a proceeding for enforcement of a foreign arbitration award insofar as Art. IV(1)(b) of the [New York] Convention, as a specific regulation, imposes on the movant the obligation to present the original or a certified copy of the agreement to submit the dispute to the arbitration court for resolution. In a proceeding for recognition or enforcement of an arbitration award conducted under the Convention, the arbitration agreement thus constitutes a condition for granting the motion.

Data wydania: 03-11-2004 | Sygnatura: III CK 510/03

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration agreement

id: 20209

Polish Supreme Court order dated 29 August 2000 Case No. I CKN 240/00

1. Because the respondent signed the contract, and it was undisputed that the contract was previously signed by the claimant, an “agreement in writing” was established as referred to in Art. II(2) and Art. V(1)(a) of the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards dated 10 June 1958 ([promulgated in Poland at] Journal of Laws Dz.U. 1962 No. 9 item 41) and in the section of the Ukrainian Code of Procedure governing the rules of the arbitration court ..., and in denying the interlocutory appeal against the order enforcing the award of the Ukrainian arbitration court the appellate court did not violate these provisions.

2. Civil Procedure Code Art. 1105 §2 governs matters subject to consideration in the situation provided for in Art. V(2)(a) of the [New York] Convention, and not in the situation governed by Art. V(1)(a) of the Convention.

Data wydania: 29-08-2000 | Sygnatura: I CKN 240/00

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration agreement

id: 20179

Polish Supreme Court judgment dated 16 February 1999 Case No. I CKN 1020/98

1. An agreement vesting jurisdiction in a foreign court or an arbitration court operating abroad (Civil Procedure Code Art. 1105 §§ 1 and 2) must be preceded by the existence of domestic jurisdiction. Exclusive jurisdiction of a Polish court may, however, constitute a barrier to effective conclusion of an agreement on jurisdiction. But such barrier functions only with respect to vesting jurisdiction in a foreign state court (Civil Procedure Code Art. 1105 §1, second sentence) and does not apply with respect to vesting jurisdiction in a foreign arbitration court, which is subject only to the limitations provided in Civil Procedure Code Art. 697 §1.

2. The requirement of “foreign status” of one of the parties as a condition for the permissibility of an arbitration clause as provided for in Civil Procedure Code Art. 1105 §2, refers to the phase of conclusion of the agreement on jurisdiction, and thus applies to the parties to such agreement and not the parties to the dispute covered by the arbitration clause.

3. Civil Procedure Code Art. 1105 §2 also applies to multilateral agreements. ... In the case of a multilateral agreement, it may happen that a foreign arbitration court has jurisdiction to hear a dispute between parties that are domestic entities.

Data wydania: 16-02-1999 | Sygnatura: I CKN 1020/98

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration agreement, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal

id: 20160

Bareła Monika

Judicial Review of Arbitration Proceedings in Light of International Practice [Original title: Sądowa kontrola postępowania arbitrażowego z perspektywy doświadczeń międzynarodowych]

Stud.Prawn. 2013, No. 1, p. 35-67

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, New York Convention, investment arbitration

id: 31189

Biała Barbara

Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards under the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards and the Code of Civil Procedure [Original title: Uznawanie i wykonywanie zagranicznych orzeczeń arbitrażowych na gruncie Konwencji o uznawaniu i wykonywaniu zagranicznych orzeczeń arbitrażowych oraz Kodeksu postępowania cywilnego]

[in:] J. Olszewski, B. Fuchs (eds.), Arbitration. Between Theory and Practice [Arbitraż. Między teorią a praktyką], Rzeszów 2014, p. 64-74

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31385

Błaszczak Łukasz

The Recognition and the Declaration of Enforceability of Foreign Arbitral Awards on the Basis of Article 1215 k.p.c. and the New York Convention. Selected Issues [Original title: Uznanie i stwierdzenie wykonalności zagranicznych orzeczeń arbitrażowych w świetle art. 1215 k.p.c. oraz konwencji nowojorskiej. Wybrane zagadnienia]

Opolskie Studia Administracyjno-Prawne 2014, No. XII/2, p. 25-38

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31442

Dunin-Wąsowicz Jan K., Boykin James H.

Judicial Review of Arbitral Awards in the United States - the Uncertain Future of "Manifest Disregard of the Law" [Original title: Sądowa kontrola wyroków arbitrażowych w Stanach Zjednoczonych - niepewna przyszłość doktryny „rażącego naruszenia prawa”]

Arbitration e-Review 2014, No. 1-2, p. 42-50

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31280

Bülow Arthur

On the New York Convention of 10.6.1958 on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards [Original title: O konwencji nowojorskiej z 10.6.1958 o uznawaniu i wykonywaniu zagranicznych orzeczeń arbitrażowych]

Studia et Documenta 1960, No. 24-25, pp. 103

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 30206

Pazdan Maksymilian, Sołtysiński Stanisław, Wardyński Tomasz, Włodyka Stanisław, Okolski Józef, Całus Andrzej

A Commemorative Volume for 60 years of the Court of Arbitration at the Polish Chamber of Commerce in Warsaw [Original title: Księga pamiątkowa 60-lecia Sądu Arbitrażowego przy Krajowej Izbie Gospodarczej w Warszawie]

Warszawa 2010, pp. 887

Key issues: arbitration award, state court assistance, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, petition to set aside arbitration award, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, settlement before arbitral tribunal, general works, New York Convention, investment arbitration

id: 30952

Glinka Justyna, Chyla Łukasz

Objective arbitrability of intra-corporate disputes in foreign legal systems [Original title: Zdatność arbitrażowa sporów uchwałowych w wybranych zagranicznych porządkach prawnych]

Studenckie Prace Prawnicze, Administratywistyczne i Ekonomiczne 2017, Vol. 21, p. 79-101

Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, general works, New York Convention

id: 32036

Chyla Łukasz, Olechowski Piotr

The advantages of corporate arbitration in comparison to the state litigation in the context of intra-corporate disputes [Original title: O przewadze arbitrażu nad sądownictwem powszechnym w kontekście sporów uchwałowych]

Kortowski Przegląd Prawniczy 2017, No. 1, p. 62-67

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, arbitration procedure, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, New York Convention

id: 32024

Chyła Łukasz

The Problem of Public Policy Exception in Arbitration [Original title: Problematyka klauzuli porządku publicznego w arbitrażu]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2017, Nr 3, s. 13-26

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31920

Ciaptacz Jan

role of the State in the International Commercial Arbitration – the System of Judicial Control of Arbitrational Tribunals Sentences in the Legal System of People’s Republic of China [Original title: Rola państwa w międzynarodowym arbitrażu handlowym – system sądowej kontroli orzeczeń trybunałów arbitrażowych w prawie Chińskiej Republiki Ludowej]

Internetowy Przegląd Prawniczy TBSP UJ 2018, No. 2, p. 34-46

Key issues: arbitration award, state court assistance, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 32028

Czech Konrad

Application of the New York Convention of 10 June 1958 on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards in Polish Practice on the Example of the Supreme Court Case Law [Original title: Stosowanie Konwencji nowojorskiej z 10 czerwca 1958 r. o uznawaniu i wykonywaniu zagranicznych wyroków arbitrażowych w praktyce polskiej na przykładzie orzecznictwa Sądu Najwyższego]

PS 2010, No. 11-12, p. 141-150

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 30954

Czech Konrad

Regional Law on International Commercial and Investment Arbitration in Latin America and Its Impact on Economic Integration of the Region

Pr. w Dział. 2020, No. 42, p. 207-242

Key issues: general works, New York Convention, investment arbitration

id: 32075

Łaszczuk Maciej, Pieckowski Sylwester, Poczobut Jerzy, Szumański Andrzej, Tomaszewski Maciej, Furtek Marek

Arbitration and Mediation. A Commemorative Volume Dedicated to Dr Andrzej Tynel [Original tilte: Arbitraż i mediacja. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana doktorowi Andrzejowi Tynelowi]

Warszawa 2012, pp. 732

Key issues: arbitration award, state court assistance, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, petition to set aside arbitration award, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, settlement before arbitral tribunal, general works, New York Convention, investment arbitration

id: 31075

Garnuszek Anita

Immunity Defences in Enforcement Proceedings Concerning Awards Rendered in International Commercial Arbitration Involving States and State Entities

[in:] K. Drličková, T. Kyselovská (red.) Resolution of International Disputes. Public Law in the Context of Immigration Crisis, COFOLA INTERNATIONAL 2016, Conference proceedings, Acta Universitatis Brunensis, Vol. 562, Brno 2016, p. 38-55

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31798

Zawicki Kamil, Gąsiorowski Kuba, Matejczyk Magdalena

Poland – the Supreme Court Judgments

[in:] Bělohlávek Alexander J., Rozehnalová Naděžda (eds), Czech Yearbook of International Law. International Dispute Resolution, The Hague 2016, Vol. VII, p. 213-223

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, New York Convention

id: 31552

Gąsiorowski Kuba, Wandzel Wojciech

Enforcement Issues in the Conduct of Arbitration and National Laws in International Arbitration

[in:] Bělohlávek Alexander J., Rozehnalová Naděžda (eds), Czech (& Central European) Yearbook of Arbitration. Conduct of Arbitration, The Hague 2017, Vol. VII, p. 153-169

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, arbitration procedure, New York Convention

id: 31840

Gembiś Łukasz

Manifest Disregard of the Law as a Ground for Vacatur Domestic and International Arbitral Awards in the United States [Original title: Rażące naruszenie prawa jako podstawa do uchylenia krajowego oraz międzynarodowego wyroku arbitrażowego w USA]

Arbitration e-Review 2014, No. 1-2, p. 25-41

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31279

Gerlich Olga

State Immunity from Execution in the Collection of Awards Rendered in International Investment Arbitration: The Achilles' Heel of the Investor-State Arbitration System?

The American Review of International Arbitration 2015, Vol. 26, No. 1, p. 47-99

Key issues: New York Convention, investment arbitration

id: 31460

Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata

Diagnosis for Arbitration. Functioning of Arbitration Law and the Directions of Postulated Changes [Original title: Diagnoza arbitrażu. Funkcjonowanie prawa o arbitrażu i kierunki postulowanych zmian]

Wrocław 2014, pp. 593

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, petition to set aside arbitration award, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, settlement before arbitral tribunal, general works, New York Convention

id: 31452

Golędzinowski Piotr

Complicated Relations Between Court and Arbitration Proceedings under the Brussels I Bis Regulation [Original title: Skomplikowane relacje postępowań sądowych i arbitrażowych na gruncie rozporządzenia Bruksela I bis]

PEP 2015, No 1(127), p. 20-22

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31503

Kierska Maria, Horodyski Dominik

Enforcement of Emergency Arbitrator’s Decisions - Legal Problems and Global Trends

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2016, No. 1, p. 27-38

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, New York Convention, interim measures

id: 31574

Jakubowski Jerzy

Permanent Courts of Arbitration in Poland [Original title: Stałe sądy arbitrażowe w Polsce]

Warszawa 1961, ss. 39

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, arbitration procedure, arbitrator, general works, New York Convention

id: 30127

Zawadzka Julita, Jelonek-Jarco Barbara

The Influence of Violation of the Independence and Impartiality Rules on the Enforeability and Effectiveness of the Arbitral Award

[in:] Alexander J. Bělohlávek, Filip Černý, Naděžda Rozehnalová (eds.), Czech (& Central European) Yearbook of Arbitration 2014, Vol. IV, New York 2014, p. 151-169

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, arbitrator, New York Convention

id: 31287

Kała Dariusz P.

Filing a Motion for Recognition or Declaration of Enforcement of an Arbitration Award or a Settlement Reached Before the Arbitration Court [Original title: Wniesienie wniosku o uznanie lub stwierdzenie wykonalności wyroku sądu polubownego lub ugody przed nim zawartej]

Rej. 2013, No. 5, p. 54-67

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31170

Kała Dariusz P.

Grounds for Refusal to Recognise and Enforce an Arbitration Award or a Settlement Reached Before an Arbitration Court (Part I) [Original title: Podstawy odmowy uznania i wykonania wyroku sądu polubownego lub ugody przed nim zawartej (cz. I)]

R.Pr. 2013, No. 134, p. 8-10

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31156

Kała Dariusz P.

Grounds for Refusal to Recognise and Enforce an Arbitration Award or a Settlement Reached Before an Arbitration Court (Part II) [Original title: Podstawy odmowy uznania i wykonania wyroku sądu polubownego lub ugody przed nim zawartej (cz. II)]

R.Pr. 2013, No. 135, p. 8-12

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31155

Kocon Agnieszka

Poland

[in:] Ned Beale, Barbara Lautenschlager, Giuseppe Scotti, Leo Van den hole (eds.), Dispute Resolution Clauses in International Contracts. A Global Guide, Zurich-Basel-Geneva 2013, p. 433-458

Key issues: state court assistance, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, petition to set aside arbitration award, arbitration agreement, arbitrability of dispute, New York Convention

id: 31292

Zawicki Kamil, Kubas Andrzej, Selwa Magdalena

Current Case Law - Poland

[in:] Alexander J. Bělohlávek, Filip Černý, Naděžda Rozehnalová (eds.), Czech (& Central European) Yearbook of Arbitration 2013, Vol. III, New York 2013, P. 211-237

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, arbitration agreement, arbitrability of dispute, New York Convention

id: 31308

Zawicki Kamil, Kubas Andrzej

The Scope of Mandatory Provisions of Procedural and Substantive Law Binding upon a Court of Arbitration

[in:] Alexander J. Bělohlávek, Filip Černý, Naděžda Rozehnalová (eds.), Czech (& Central European) Yearbook of Arbitration 2013, Vol. III, New York 2013, p. 3-24

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitrability of dispute, New York Convention

id: 31288

Lizer-Klatka Agnieszka

Forms of the Arbitration Agreement under the New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards [Original title: Forma umowy o arbitraż wedle konwencji nowojorskiej o uznawaniu i wykonywaniu zagranicznych orzeczeń arbitrażowych]

PPHZ 2000, No. 19-20, p. 135-153

Key issues: arbitration agreement, New York Convention

id: 30711

Łaszczuk Maciej, Szpara Justyna

Post-Arbitration Proceeding [Original title: Postępowanie postarbitrażowe]

[in:] Andrzej Szumański (ed.), The System of Commercial Law. Commercial Arbitration. Volume 8, Chapter 12 [Original title: System Prawa Handlowego. Arbitraż handlowy. Tom 8, Rozdział 12], Warszawa 2015, p. 663-843

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, settlement before arbitral tribunal, New York Convention

id: 31486

Łaszczuk Maciej, Szpara Justyna

Post-Arbitration Proceedings [Original title: Postępowanie postarbitrażowe]

[in:] Andrzej Szumański (ed.), The System of Commercial Law. Commercial Arbitration. Volume 8, Chapter 12 [System Prawa Handlowego. Arbitraż handlowy. Tom 8, Rozdział 12], Warszawa 2009, p. 559-717

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 30757

Marcisz Paweł, Orzeł Aleksandra

Anti-Suit Injunctions Issued by Arbitration Tribunals in the Light of the Judgement of the Court of Justice of 13 May 2015, C-536/13, Gazprom [Original title: Anti-suit injunctions wydawane przez sądy polubowne w świetle wyroku Trybunału Sprawiedliwości z 13.05.2015 r., C-536/13, Gazprom]

PPC 2017, No. 3, p. 379-402

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration agreement, New York Convention, interim measures

id: 31890

Mikša Katažyna

Recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards in Lithuania - GAZPROM case from a national perspective

Folia Iuridica Universitatis Wratislaviensis 2019, No. 1, p. 53-66

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, arbitration procedure, arbitrability of dispute, New York Convention

id: 32056

Morek Rafał

Review of the Rulings of the Supreme Court and of Appellate Courts [Original title: Przegląd orzecznictwa Sądu Najwyższego i sądów apelacyjnych]

Biul. Arb. 2013, No. 20, p. 93-95

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration agreement, New York Convention

id: 31176

Morek Rafał, Sadowski Wojciech

Recognition and Enforcement of Arbitral Awards in Poland

[in:] Arbitration in Poland, Warszawa 2011, p. 125-140

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, settlement before arbitral tribunal, New York Convention

id: 31042

Nanowski Zbigniew

Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards made in New York, on 10 June 1958 [Original title: Konwencja o uznawaniu i wykonywaniu zagranicznych orzeczeń arbitrażowych sporządzona w Nowym Jorku dnia 10 czerwca 1958]

PHZ 1962, No. 1, p. 63-66

Key issues: New York Convention

id: 30287

Nowaczyk Piotr

Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards - Polish Law and Practice

[in:] Croatian Arbitration Yearbook 2013, Vol. 20, Zagreb 2013, p. 99-109

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31289

Olechowski Marcin

Law Applicable to the Assessment of the Effects of a Recognised International Arbitration Award [Original title: Prawo właściwe do oceny skutków uznawanego międzynarodowego wyroku arbitrażowego]

[in:] Józef Okolski (chair), Andrzej Całus, Maksymilian Pazdan, Stanisław Sołtysiński, Tomasz Wardyński, Stanisław Włodyka (ed.) Essays in Honour of 60 years of the Court of Arbitration at the Polish Chamber of Commerce in Warsaw [Księga pamiątkowa 60-lecia Sądu Arbitrażowego przy Krajowej Izbie Gospodarczej w Warszawie], Warszawa 2010, p. 573-585

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 30935

Orawiec Bartłomiej

The Public Policy Exception under the New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (the UK Perspective)

Comparative Law Review 2016, Vol. 21, p. 53-78

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 32050

Szpara Justyna, Orzeł-Jakubowska Aleksandra

Conclusion of an arbitration agreement by reference to another document in the context of recognition and enforcement of arbitration awards in international commercial arbitration [Original title: Zawarcie klauzuli arbitrażowej przez odesłanie do innego dokumentu w kontekście uznawania i wykonywania wyroków arbitrażowych w międzynarodowym arbitrażu handlowym]

[in:] Dumkiewicz Małgorzata, Szczotka Jerzy, Kopaczyńska-Pieczniak Katarzyna (eds), 100 years of Polish commercial law. Andrzej Kidyba anniversary volume, Vol. II [Original title: Sto lat polskiego prawa handlowego. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana profesorowi Andrzejowi Kidybie. Tom II], Warszawa 2020, p. 974-985

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, arbitration agreement, New York Convention

id: 32106

Poczobut Jerzy

An Arbitration Agreement in the Polish Private International Law – with Comparative Comments [Original title: Umowa o arbitraż w polskim prawie prywatnym międzynarodowym - z uwagami porównawczymi]

SPP 2013, No. 1, p. 9-34

Key issues: arbitration agreement, New York Convention

id: 31181

Popiołek Wojciech

Effects of Foreign Arbitral Award in Poland [Original title: Skutki zagranicznego orzeczenia arbitrażowego w Polsce]

PPH 2014, No. 6, s. 5-10

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31269

Popiołek Wojciech

Refusal to Recognize (Enforce) a Foreign Arbitration Award under Article V of the New York Convention [Original title: Odmowa uznania (wykonania) zagranicznego orzeczenia arbitrażowego na podstawie art. V Konwencji nowojorskiej]

[in:] J. Gudowski, K. Weitz (ed.), Aurea praxis, aurea theoria. Księga pamiątkowa ku czci Profesora Tadeusza Erecińskiego, tom II [Aurea praxis, aurea theoria. A Commemorative Volume in Honour of Professor Tadeusz Ereciński, Vol. II], Warszawa 2011, p. 1799-1811

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31023

Różalska-Kucal Agnieszka

Arbitration and European Union Law [Original title: Arbitraż a prawo Unii Europejskiej]

[in:] Cezary Mik (ed.), Arbitration in the International Law [Original title: Arbitraż w prawie międzynarodowym], Warsaw 2014, p. 237-256

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, arbitrator, New York Convention

id: 31349

Sołtysik Stanisław

Grounds for refusing recognition and enforcement of a foreign arbitration award under the New York Convention [Original title: Podstawy odmowy uznania i wykonania zagranicznego orzeczenia arbitrażowego według Konwencji nowojorskiej]

Warsaw 2019, pp. 408

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, arbitration procedure, arbitrability of dispute, New York Convention

id: 32019

Sulkowski Adam

Polish Arbitration Law Analyzed and Applied to the Procedural Scenarios of Chromalloy

American Review of International Arbitration 1999, No. 2

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, arbitration procedure, New York Convention

id: 32119

Surma-Buczek Aleksandra

The Form of the Arbitration Agreement – Comparative Analysis [Original title: Forma zapisu na sąd polubowny - analiza prawnoporównawcza]

Studenckie Zeszyty Naukowe 2016, No. 30, p. 91-103

Key issues: arbitration agreement, New York Convention

id: 32070

Szafran Dominika

Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments Issued in the Proceeding Concerning Investment Disputes [Original title: Uznawanie i wykonywanie orzeczeń kończących postępowanie w sprawach dotyczących sporów inwestycyjnych]

Internetowy Przegląd Prawniczy TBSP UJ 2017, No. 10, s. 120-132

Key issues: arbitration award, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitrability of dispute, New York Convention, investment arbitration

id: 32030

Szczęśniak Alicja

The Function of the Public Policy Clause and the Method of Controlling Consistency of an Arbitration Award with Public Policy of the Republic of Poland [Original title: Funkcja klauzuli porządku publicznego i metoda kontroli zgodności wyroku sądu polubownego z porządkiem publicznym Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej]

[in:] Ereciński Tadeusz, Gudowski Jacek, Pazdan Maksymilian, Tomalak Michał (eds), Ius est a iustitia appellatum. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana Profesorowi Tadeuszowi Wiśniewskiemu, Warsaw 2017, p. 1165-1178

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31862

Szczudlik Katarzyna Barbara

Lack of funding for conducting of arbitration proceedings and unenforceability (ineffectiveness) and invalidation of an arbitration agreement [Original title: Brak środków na prowadzenie postępowania przed sądem polubownym a niewykonalność (bezskuteczność) i utrata mocy zapisu na sąd polubowny]

SPP 2016, No. 1, p. 50-54, [The views presented in this article shall be attributed only to the author of this article and they are not necessarily the views of any institutions and organizations with which the author cooperates.]

Key issues: arbitration agreement, general works, New York Convention

id: 32015

Sznajder-Peroń Katarzyna

Interface Between State Court and Arbitration Proceedings – Remarks in the Light of European Procedural Regulations [Original title: Kolizja postępowań przed sądem państwowym i polubownym - uwagi na tle europejskich uregulowań procesowych]

PPPM 2012, Vol. 10, p. 49-70

Key issues: state court assistance, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, New York Convention

id: 31182

Świątkowski Marek

Application of MFN Clause to Dispute Resolution Provisions of Investment Treaties [Original title: Modyfikacja przepisów jurysdykcyjnych traktatu inwestycyjnego na podstawie klauzuli MFN]

PPH 2013, No. 12, p. 30-36

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration agreement, New York Convention, investment arbitration

id: 31191

Tomaszewski Maciej

Arbitration Clauses in Foreign Non-Public Trade Sector Contracts [Original title: Klauzule arbitrażowe w kontraktach handlu zagranicznego sektora nieuspołecznionego]

Handel Zagraniczny 1984, No. 2, p. 22-24

Key issues: arbitration agreement, New York Convention

id: 30546

Trammer Henryk

Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards [Original title: Konwencja o uznawaniu i wykonywaniu zagranicznych orzeczeń arbitrażowych]

PiP 1961, No. 11, p. 738-750

Key issues: New York Convention

id: 30632

Trammer Henryk

The New York Convention on Pursuing Alimony Claims Abroad [Original title: Konwencja nowojorska o dochodzeniu roszczeń alimentacyjnych za granicą]

NP 1962, No. 6, p. 781-789

Key issues: New York Convention

id: 30634

Weitz Karol

The Brussels I bis Regulation and the New York Convention [Original title: Rozporządzenie Bruksela I bis a Konwencja nowojorska]

[in:] Poczobut Jerzy, Wiśniewski Andrzej W. (eds), Private Law and Arbitration. Commemorative Volume Dedicated to Dr. Maciej Tomaszewski [Original title: Prawo prywatne i arbitraż. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana doktorowi Maciejowi Tomaszewskiemu], Warszawa 2016, p. 384-400

Key issues: New York Convention

id: 31534

Wierzbicki Przemysław

Enforceability of Foreign Arbitration Awards on the Basis of the New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards [Original title: Wykonalność orzeczeń zagranicznych sądów polubownych na podstawie Konwencji nowojorskiej o uznawaniu i wykonywaniu orzeczeń arbitrażowych]

MoP 2004, No. 5, p. 237-241

Key issues: New York Convention

id: 30563

Wiliński Piotr

Should the Miami Draft be given a second chance? The New York Convention 2.0

Spain Arbitration Review - Revista del Club Español del Arbitraje, Vol. 34/2019, p. 77-90

Key issues: general works, New York Convention

id: 32114

Wiśniewski Andrzej W.

Consequences of Engaging in a Dispute before the Arbitration Court Abroad Despite the Lack of an Effective Arbitration Agreement. A Commentary to the Supreme Court Decision of 13 September 2012, file no. V CSK 323/11 [Original title: Skutki wdania się w spór przed arbitrażem za granicą pomimo braku skutecznej umowy o arbitraż. Glosa do postanowienia Sądu Najwyższego z dnia 13 września 2012 r., V CSK 323/11]

PPC 2013, No. 4, p. 571-582

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, arbitration agreement, New York Convention

id: 31184

Wiśniewski Andrzej W.

International Commercial Arbitration in Poland. The Legal Status of Arbitration and Arbitrators [Original title: Międzynarodowy arbitraż handlowy w Polsce. Status prawny arbitrażu i arbitrów]

Warszawa 2011, pp. 612

Key issues: arbitration award, state court assistance, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal, petition to set aside arbitration award, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, arbitrability of dispute, arbitrator, settlement before arbitral tribunal, general works, New York Convention

id: 31015

Włosińska Aleksandra

Enforcement of Foreign Arbitration Awards on the Basis of the New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards [Original title: Wykonywanie orzeczeń zagranicznych sądów polubownych na podstawie konwencji nowojorskiej o uznawaniu i wykonywaniu zagranicznych orzeczeń arbitrażowych]

[in:] Dorota Czura-Kalinowska (ed.), Mediation and Arbitration as a Means of Amicable Dispute Resolution [Mediacja i arbitraż jako sposoby polubownego rozstrzygania sporów], Poznań 2009, p. 247-258

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 30696

Zachariasiewicz Maciej

On the Admissibility of Foreign Arbitral Award Enforcement in the Event of an Erroneous Defendant Determination – the State Treasury. A Gloss to the Judgment of the Supreme Court of 17 July 2007, no III CZP 55/07 [Original title: Dopuszczalność wykonania zagranicznego wyroku arbitrażowego przy wadliwym oznaczeniu pozwanego - Skarbu Państwa. Glosa do postanowienia SN z dnia 17 lipca 2017 r., III CZP 55/07]

PPC 2019, No. 1, p. 89-107

Key issues: arbitration award, state court assistance, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, arbitration procedure, arbitrability of dispute, general works, New York Convention

id: 31994

Zachariasiewicz Maciej

Post-Award Proceedings: Claim for Annulment of Arbitral Award and the Recognition and Enforcement of Arbitral Awards

[in:] Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata (ed.), Polish arbitration law, Wrocław 2014, p. 441-624

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31451

Zachariasiewicz Maciej

Post-Award Proceedings: Claim for Annulment of Arbitral Award and the Recognition and Enforcement of Arbitral Awards [Original title: Postępowania post-arbitrażowe: skarga o uchylenie orzeczenia sądu polubownego oraz uznawanie i wykonywanie orzeczeń arbitrażowych]

[in:] Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz Beata (ed.), Diagnosis for Arbitration. Functioning of Arbitration Law and the Directions of Postulated Changes [Diagnoza arbitrażu. Funkcjonowanie prawa o arbitrażu i kierunki postulowanych zmian], Wrocław 2014, p. 402-593

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, petition to set aside arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31458

Zachariasiewicz Maciej

Public Policy as a Ground for Refusing the Recognition or Enforcement of the Arbitral Award in the Polish Arbitration Law Under a Comparative Perspective [Original title: Klauzula porządku publicznego jako podstawa odmowy uznania lub wykonania orzeczenia sądu polubownego w polskim prawie arbitrażowym na tle prawnoporównawczym]

PPPM 2010, No. 6, p. 61-114

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, arbitrability of dispute, New York Convention

id: 30977

Zachariasiewicz Maciej

The Law Applicable to the Effects of an Arbitral Award [Original title: Prawo właściwe dla skutków orzeczenia arbitrażowego]

Arbitration e-Review 2014, No. 3-4, p. 41-61

Key issues: arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, New York Convention

id: 31355

Ziemblicki Bartosz

International and European Determinants of Electronic Arbitration [Original title: Uwarunkowania międzynarodowe i europejskie arbitrażu elektronicznego]

Przegląd Prawa i Administracji 2015, Vol. 103, p. 289-299

Key issues: recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award, arbitration agreement, arbitration procedure, New York Convention

id: 32032

Żywicki Władysław, Zygucki Jakub

The Problem of Pathological Arbitration Clauses in the Light of the New York Convention [Original title: Problem patologicznych klauzuli arbitrażowych w świetle przepisów Konwencji Nowojorskiej]

[in:] A. Garnuszek, L. Mazur, A. Orzeł (eds.), Quo Vadis, Arbitrażu? Quo Vadis, Arbitration?, Warszawa 2013, p. 697-709

Key issues: arbitration agreement, New York Convention

id: 31237

Balcarczyk Justyna

The Issue of the Form of the Arbitration Agreement in the Light of Article II (2) of the New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards and in the Light of Internal Regulations [Original title: Zagadnienie formy umowy o arbitraż w świetle art. II (2) Konwencji nowojorskiej o uznawaniu i wykonywaniu zagranicznych orzeczeń arbitrażowych oraz w świetle regulacji wewnętrznych]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2008, No. 4 (4)

Key issues: New York Convention, arbitration agreement

id: 50029

Błaszczak Łukasz, Marszałkowska-Krześ Elwira

Control of an Arbitration Award by a State Court [Original title: Kontrola wyroku sądu polubownego przez sąd powszechny]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2011, No. 4 (16)

Key issues: New York Convention, petition to set aside arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of domestic arbitration award, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 50159

Torbus Andrzej

Selected Issues of Application of the New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards [Original title: Wybrane zagadnienia stosowania Konwencji nowojorskiej o uznawaniu i wykonywaniu zagranicznych orzeczeń arbitrażowych]

ADR. Arbitraż i Mediacja 2008, No. 4 (4)

Key issues: New York Convention, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration award

id: 50042

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