1. The arbitration court’s ignoring evidence offered by a party because it deemed the evidence to be unnecessary cannot be regarded as depriving the party of the possibility of defending its rights, and examination of the correctness of ignoring of the evidence by the arbitration court is impermissible because that would encroach on the merits of the case. … A party is deprived of the possibility of acting only when it has been totally deprived of the ability to defend its rights, and thus when it has found itself in a situation that prevents, and not only hinders or limits the support before the arbitration court of the demands asserted by the party.
2. Since the parties voluntarily submitted disputes arising out of the contract agreed between them to the judgment of the arbitral tribunal, aware of the limitations flowing therefrom, the petitioner cannot effective accuse the arbitral tribunal of not admitting evidence it raised, particularly in a situation where the arbitral tribunal exhaustively explained the reasons for denying the application.
3. Denial of an evidentiary application cannot be grounds for alleging that an award is inconsistent with the fundamental principles of the legal order of the Republic of Poland. It should be stressed that the public policy clause, like any general clause, is indefinite, which leaves to the court considering a specific case a great degree of discretion; nonetheless, review on this basis of the elements comprising the ruling of the arbitral tribunal cannot assume the dimensions proper to a review of the merits (correctness) of the ruling. The prohibition of the review of the merits (correctness) of such ruling is connected with the essence of application of the public policy clause. In applying the clause, the point is not that the ruling being evaluated was consistent with all of the mandatorily applicable provisions of law entering into play, but that it did not exert an effect inconsistent with the fundamental principles of the national legal order.
Publication date: 21-11-2014 | Case no.: VI ACa 199/14Key issues: petition to set aside arbitration award