1. A petition to set aside an arbitration award is an extraordinary measure of judicial review by the state court of the activity of the arbitration court. It is a special legal measure combining the features of extraordinary review (against an arbitration award that is legally final, at least formally) and a claim seeking to modify the legal status brought about by the arbitration award. However, it is not an appellate measure, and the state court reviewing the petition generally will not examine the resolution of the arbitration court on the merits, and in particular will not review whether there is a foundation for the award under the cited facts or whether the facts were properly established.
2. Civil Procedure Code Art. 1206 §1(4) refers to the fundamental rules of procedure before the arbitration court, which should be understood as limiting the possibility to set aside an arbitration award only to those instances which resulted in violation of the principles of a fair trial or procedural violations important enough that they could have influenced the arbitration award, for example violation of the principle of the equality of the parties, or a complete failure to admit evidence. This situation did not occur in the proceeding before the arbitration court, as the objection by the petition referred to the arbitrators’ failure to comply with the 30-day limit for closing the proceeding in the case, late issuance of the award and service on the petitioner, and failure to comply with informational obligations with respect to the petitioner.
3. Fundamental principles of the legal order should be understood as fundamental constitutional principles concerning the socio-economic system, as well as the leading principles governing specific areas of substantive and procedural law. Thus only norms that are mandatorily binding and to which fundamental importance is ascribed may justify reliance on the public policy clause. This clause is not applied to correct all irregularities and defects in arbitration awards, but should protect the integrity of public policy.