1. The validity of an arbitration agreement is determined by the regulations in force at the time it was made.
2. Under Art. 697 §1 of the Civil Procedure Code, arbitrability meant the capacity of the parties to independently decide on their rights within the given legal relationship, while under Art. 1157 of the Civil Procedure Code the possibility of submitting a dispute to an arbitral tribunal is determined by its “settleability.” The two definitions of arbitrability differ only on a linguistic level, but on the conceptual level they are essentially the same.
3. The condition of arbitrability is the abstract ability of the parties, leaving aside the concrete circumstances and legal conditions, to dispose of the rights arising out of the legal relation between them, not the possibility of their concluding a specific judicial settlement or whether such a settlement would be permissible under Art. 203 §4, in connection with Art. 223 §2, of the Civil Procedure Code, applying Art. 917 and Art. 58 of the Civil Code. This means that certain categories of legal relations are deprived of arbitrability, not certain categories of claims arising out of them. The possibility of submitting a dispute
to arbitration concerns the abstractly defined legal relations, not the claims arising out of them.
4. Arbitrability is determined by the substance of the legal relation and the disputes arising out of it, which the parties may freely dispose of, and not the nature of the claims arising out of those relations. From this perspective, neither the nature of the claims (for performance, for a declaration, or for determination of a legal relation or right), nor the nature of the court’s ruling concerning the given claim (e.g. declarative or constitutive), nor the effects are such ruling are relevant.
5. A dispute concerning exclusion of a shareholder from a limited-liability company may be the subject of an effective arbitration agreement under Art. 1157 in connection with Art. 1163 §1 of the Civil Procedure Code.
Publication date: 15-12-2016 | Case no.: V ACz 1309/16Key issues: arbitrability of dispute, arbitration agreement